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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Xuesong Zhang

Integrat Analys & Dec Sci Team

PNNL Publications


  • Liu Y, MI Hejazi, H Li, X Zhang, and G Leng. 2018. "A Hydrological Emulator for Global Applications - HE v1.0.0." Geoscientific Model Development 11(3):1077-1092.  doi:10.5194/gmd-11-1077-2018


  • Yang Q, X Zhang, X Xu, and GR Asrar. 2017. "An analysis of terrestrial and aquatic environmental controls of riverine dissolved organic carbon in the conterminous United States." Water 9(6):383.  doi:10.3390/w9060383
  • Huang L, H Fang, X Xu, G He, X Zhang, and D Reible. 2017. "Stochastic modeling of phosphorus transport in the Three Gorges Reservoir by incorporating variability associated with the phosphorus partition coefficient." Science of the Total Environment 592:649-661.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.227
  • Izaurralde RC, WB Mcgill, JR Williams, CD Jones, RP Link, D Manowitz, DE Schwab, X Zhang, GP Robertson, and N Milar. 2017. "Simulating microbial denitrification with EPIC: Model description and initial testing." Ecological Modelling 359:349 - 362.  doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2017.06.007
  • Jones CD, X Zhang, AD Reddy, GP Robertson, and RC Izaurralde. 2017. "The greenhouse gas intensity and potential biofuel production capacity of maize stover harvest in the US Midwest." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 9(10):1543-1554.  doi:10.1111/gcbb.12473
  • LeDuc SD, X Zhang, C Clark, and RC Izaurralde. 2017. "Cellulosic feedstock production on Conservation Reserve Program land: potential yields and environmental effects." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 9(2):460-468.  doi:10.1111/gcbb.12352
  • Li W, Y Zhou, K Cetin, J Eom, Y Wang, G Chen, and X Zhang. 2017. "Modeling urban building energy use: A review of modeling approaches and procedures." Energy 141:2445-2457.  doi:10.1016/
  • Shu L, Q Jiang, X Zhang, and K Zhao. 2017. "Potential and limitations of satellite laser altimetry for monitoring water surface dynamics: ICESat for US lakes." International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 10(5):154-165.  doi:10.25165/j.ijabe.20171005.3426
  • Tan Z, LY Leung, H Li, TK Tesfa, M Vanmaercke, J Poesen, X Zhang, H Lu, and J Hartmann. 2017. "A global data analysis for representing sediment and particulate organic carbon yield in Earth System Models." Water Resources Research 53(12):10674-10700.  doi:10.1002/2017WR020806
  • Xu X, X Zhang, H Fang, R Lai, Y Zhang, L Huang, and X Liu. 2017. "A real-time probabilistic channel flood-forecasting model based on the Bayesian particle filter approach." Environmental Modelling & Software 88:151-167.  doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.11.010


  • Yang Q, and X Zhang. 2016. "Improving SWAT for simulating water and carbon fluxes of forest ecosystems." Science of the Total Environment 569-570, 1478-1488.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.06.238
  • Yang Q, X Zhang, X Xu, GR Asrar, RA Smith, JS Shih, and S Duan. 2016. "Spatial patterns and environmental controls of particulate organic carbon in surface waters in the conterminous United States." Science of the Total Environment 554-555:266-275.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.164
  • Cai X, ZL Yang, JB Fisher, X Zhang, M Barlage, and F Chen. 2016. "Integration of nitrogen dynamics into the Noah-MP land surface model v1.1 for climate and environmental predictions." Geoscientific Model Development 9(1):1-15.  doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1-2016
  • Gao J, A Zhang, SK Lam, X Zhang, AM Thomson, E Lin, K Jiang, LE Clarke, JA Edmonds, GP Kyle, S Yu, Y Zhou, and S Zhou. 2016. "An integrated assessment of the potential of agricultural and forestry residues for energy production in China." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 8(5):880-893.  doi:10.1111/gcbb.12305
  • Leng G, X Zhang, M Huang, GR Asrar, and LY Leung. 2016. "The Role of Climate Covariability on Crop Yields in the Conterminous United States." Scientific Reports 6:33160.  doi:10.1038/srep33160
  • Leng G, M Huang, N Voisin, X Zhang, GR Asrar, and LYR Leung. 2016. "Emergence of new hydrologic regimes of surface water resources in the Conterminous United States under future warming." Environmental Research Letters 11(11):Article No. 114003.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114003
  • Leng G, X Zhang, M Huang, Q Yang, R Rafique, GR Asrar, and LYR Leung. 2016. "Simulating County-Level Crop Yields in the Conterminous United States Using the Community Land Model: the Effects of Optimizing Irrigation and Fertilization." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 8(4):1912-1931.  doi:10.1002/2016MS000645
  • Yang Q, H Tian, X Li, W Ren, B Zhang, X Zhang, and J Wolf. 2016. "Spatiotemporal patterns of livestock manure nutrient production in the conterminous United States from 1930 to 2012." Science of the Total Environment 541:1592-1602.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.10.044


  • Beach RH, Y Cai, AM Thomson, X Zhang, R Jones, BA McCarl, A Crimmins, J Martinich, J Cole, S Ohrel, BJ DeAngelo, J McFarland, K Strzepek, and B Boehlert. 2015. "Climate change impacts on US agriculture and forestry: benefits of global climate stabilization." Environmental Research Letters 10(9):095004.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/095004
  • Kyle GP, AM Thomson, MA Wise, and X Zhang. 2015. "Assessment of the importance of spatial scale in long-term land use modelling of the Midwestern United States." Environmental Modelling & Software 72:261-271.  doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2015.06.006
  • Sinistore JC, DJ Reinemann, RC Izaurralde, KR Cronin, PJ Meier, TM Runge, and X Zhang. 2015. "Life Cycle Assessment of Switchgrass Cellulosic Ethanol Production in the Wisconsin and Michigan Agricultural Contexts." BioEnergy Research 8(3):897-909.  doi:10.1007/s12155-015-9611-4
  • Wolf J, TO West, YLB Le Page, GP Kyle, X Zhang, G Collatz, and ML Imhoff. 2015. "Biogenic carbon fluxes from global agricultural production and consumption." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29(10):1617-1639.  doi:10.1002/2015GB005119
  • Zhang X, RC Izaurralde, DH Manowitz, R Sahajpal, TO West, AM Thomson, M Xu, K Zhao, SD LeDuc, and JR Williams. 2015. "Regional scale cropland carbon budgets: evaluating a geospatial agricultural modeling system using inventory data." Environmental Modelling & Software 63:199-216.  doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.10.005
  • Zhou Y, SJ Smith, K Zhao, ML Imhoff, AM Thomson, B Bond-Lamberty, GR Asrar, X Zhang, C He, and C Elvidge. 2015. "A global map of urban extent from nightlights." Environmental Research Letters 10(5):Article No. 054011.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/5/054011


  • Robertson GP, PR Grace, RC Izaurralde, WJ Parton, and X Zhang. 2014. "CO2 emissions from crop residue-derived biofuels." Nature Climate Change 4(11):933-934.  doi:10.1038/nclimate2402
  • Sahajpal R, X Zhang, RC Izaurralde, I Gelfand, and GC Hurtt. 2014. "Identifying representative crop rotation patterns and grassland loss in the US Western Corn Belt." Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 108:173-182.  doi:10.1016/j.compag.2014.08.005
  • Thomson AM, GP Kyle, X Zhang, V Bandaru, TO West, MA Wise, RC Izaurralde, and KV Calvin. 2014. "The contribution of future agricultural trends in the US Midwest to global climate change mitigation." Global Environmental Change 24:143-154.  doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.019
  • Xiong W, J Balkovic, M van der Velde, X Zhang, RC Izaurralde, R Skalsky, E Lin, N Mueller, and M Obersteiner. 2014. "A calibration procedure to improve global rice yield simulations with EPIC." Ecological Modelling 273:128-139.  doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2013.10.026
  • Zhang X, R Sahajpal, D Manowitz, K Zhao, SD LeDuc, M Xu, W Xiong, A Zhang, RC Izaurralde, AM Thomson, TO West, and WM Post. 2014. "Multi-scale geospatial agroecosystem modeling: a case study on the influence of soil data resolution on carbon budget estimates." Science of the Total Environment 479:138-50.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.01.099


  • Zhang X, RC Izaurralde, J Arnold, JR Williams, and R Srinivasan. 2013. "Modifying the Soil and Water Assessment Tool to Simulate Cropland Carbon Flux: Model Development and Initial Evaluation." Science of the Total Environment 463-464:810-822.  doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.056
  • Bandaru V, RC Izaurralde, DH Manowitz, RP Link, X Zhang, and WM Post. 2013. "Soil Carbon Change and Net Energy Associated with Biofuel Production on Marginal Lands: A Regional Modeling Perspective." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 42(6):1802-1814.  doi:10.2134/jeq2013.05.0171
  • Egbendewe-Mondzozo A, S Swinton, RC Izaurralde, DH Manowitz, and X Zhang. 2013. "Maintaining environmental quality while expanding biomass production: Sub-regional U.S. policy simulations." Energy Policy 57:518-531.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2013.02.021
  • Gelfand I, R Sahajpal, X Zhang, RC Izaurralde, KL Gross, and GP Robertson. 2013. "Sustainable bioenergy production from marginal lands in the US Midwest." Nature 493(7433):514-517.  doi:10.1038/nature11811
  • Zhao K, D Valle, S Popescu, X Zhang, and B Malick. 2013. "Hyperspectral remote sensing of plant biochemistry using Bayesian model averaging with variable and band selection." Remote Sensing of Environment 132:102-119.  doi:10.1016/j.rse.2012.12.026


  • Zhang X, and K Zhao. 2012. "Bayesian Neural Networks for Uncertainty Analysis of Hydrologic Modeling: A Comparison of Two Schemes." Water Resources Management 26(8):2365-2382.  doi:10.1007/s11269-012-0021-5
  • Zhang X. 2012. "Precipitation Estimate Using NEXRAD Ground-Based Radar Images: Validation, Calibration and Spatial Analysis." Chapter 12 in Multiscale Hydrological Remote Sensing: Perspectives and Applications, ed. NB Chang and Y Hong, pp. 271-302.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Izaurralde RC, X Zhang, R Sahajpal, and DH Manowitz. 2012. National Geo-Database for Biofuel Simulations and Regional Analysis of Biorefinery Siting Based on Cellulosic Feedstock Grown on Marginal LandsPNNL-21283, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Izaurralde RC, X Zhang, R Sahajpal, and DH Manowitz. 2012. National Geo-Database for Biofuel Simulations and Regional AnalysisPNNL-21284, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Surendran Nair S, S Kang, X Zhang, F Miguez, RC Izaurralde, WM Post, M Dietze, LR Lynd, and SD Wullschleger. 2012. "Bioenergy crop models: Descriptions, data requirements and future challenges." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 4(6):620-633.  doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01166.x
  • Zong Z, J Job, X Zhang, M Nijim, and X Qin. 2012. "Case study of visualizing global user download patterns using Google Earth and NASA World Wind." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 6(1):Article No. 061703. 


  • Zhang X, F Liang, B Yu, and Z Zong. 2011. "Explicitly integrating parameter, input, and structure uncertainties into Bayesian Neural Networks for probabilistic hydrologic forecasting." Journal of Hydrology 409 (3-4):696-709.  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.09.002
  • Zhang X, R Srinivasan, JG Arnold, RC Izaurralde, and D Bosch. 2011. "Simultaneous calibration of surface flow and baseflow simulations: a revisit of the SWAT model calibration framework." Hydrological Processes 25(14):2313-2320.  doi:10.1002/hyp.8058
  • Nichols JA, S Kang, WM Post, D Wang, V Bandaru, DH Manowitz, X Zhang, and RC Izaurralde. 2011. "HPC-EPIC for High Resolution Simulations of Environmental and Sustainability Assessment." Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 79(2):112-115.  doi:10.1016/j.compag.2011.08.012
  • Shi P, C Chen, R Srinivasan, X Zhang, T Cai, X Fang, S Qu, X Chen, and Q Li. 2011. "Evaluating the SWAT Model for Hydrological Modeling in the Xixian Watershed and A Comparison with the XAJ Model." Water Resources Management 25(10):2595-2612.  doi:10.1007/s11269-011-9828-8
  • Standart GD, KR Stulken, X Zhang, and Z Zong. 2011. "Geospatial Visualization of Global Satellite Images with Vis-EROS." Environmental Modelling & Software 26(7):980-982.  doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2011.02.012
  • Xie H, X Zhang, B Yu, and H Sharif. 2011. "Performance evaluation of interpolation methods for incorporating rain gauge measurements into NEXRAD precipitation data: A case study in the Upper Guadalupe River Basin." Hydrological Processes 25(24):3711-3720.  doi:10.1002/hyp.8096
  • Zhang X, RC Izaurralde, JG Arnold, NB Sammons, DH Manowitz, AM Thomson, and JR Williams. 2011. "Comment on “Modeling Miscanthus in the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to Simulate Its Water Quality Effects As a Bioenergy Crop”." Environmental Science & Technology 45(14):6211-6212. 


  • Zhang X, and R Srinivasan. 2010. "GIS based Spatial Precipitation Estimation using Next Generation Radar and Raingauge Data." Environmental Modelling & Software 25(12):1781-1788. 
  • Zhang X, R Srinivasan, and M Van Liew. 2010. "On the use of multi-algorithm, genetically adaptive multi-objective method for multi-site calibration of the SWAT model." Hydrological Processes 24(8):955-969. 
  • Sexton AM, AM Sadeghi, X Zhang, R Srinivasan, and A Shirmohammadi. 2010. "USING NEXRAD AND RAIN GAUGE PRECIPITATION DATA FOR HYDROLOGIC CALIBRATION OF SWAT IN A NORTHEASTERN WATERSHED." Transactions of the ASABE 53(3):1501-1510. 
  • Srinivasan R, X Zhang, and JG Arnold. 2010. "SWAT UNGAUGED: HYDROLOGICAL BUDGET AND CROP YIELD PREDICTIONS IN THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER BASIN ." Transactions of the ASABE 53(5):1533-1546. 
  • Zhang X, RC Izaurralde, DH Manowitz, TO West, WM Post, AM Thomson, VP Bandaru, J Nichols, and JR Williams. 2010. "An Integrative Modeling Framework to Evaluate the Productivity and Sustainability of Biofuel Crop Production Systems." Global Change Biology Bioenergy 2(5):258-277.  doi:10.1111/j.1757-1707.2010.01046.x


  • Zhang X, S Raghavan, and D Bosch. 2009. "Calibration and uncertainty analysis of the SWAT model using Genetic Algorithms and Bayesian Model Averaging." Journal of Hydrology 374(3-4):307-317.  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.06.023

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