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Staff information

Zdenek

Zdenek Dohnalek

Scientist
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-88
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

My research focused on experimental studies of fundamental model systems that are necessary to understand complex processes that take place in heterogeneous catalysis and environment. The work concentrates on adsorption, diffusion, and desorption dynamics and kinetics, binding, and reactivity of adsorbates on model well characterized surfaces and clusters. A combined experimental approach involving both atomically resolved imaging and ensemble averaged methods is employed to provide a detailed, molecular-level understanding of catalyst structure and reactivity. Novel deposition methods, developed in our laboratory, are further used to prepare clusters and nanoporous films of model oxide catalysts with tailored chemical properties. All studies are complemented by theoretical investigations carried out by collaborators and are intended to provide general structure-reactivity relationships. Systems recently investigated include a partial oxidation of alcohols on supported WO3 clusters and on rutile TiO2(110) surface, water-oxygen reactions on TiO2(110), numerous adsorbates on epitaxial MgO(100) and nanoporous MgO films, ethylene hydrogenation on thin epitaxial and nanoporous Pd films, and most recently CO2 on TiO2(110).

Education and Credentials

  • 2000-present Senior Research Scientist II, Chemical Structure and Dynamics Department, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  • 1998-2000 Postdoctoral Fellow, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, W. R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  • 1992-1997 University of Pittsburgh, Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry, November 1997
  • 1989-1991 Institute of Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Rep., M.S. in Chemical Engineering, Prague, Czech Republic, July 1991

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Executive Board member of Nanometer Scale Science and Technology Division of AVS, 2009 - 2011
  • Secretary (2001-2003), Vice President (2005), and President (2006-2008) of Pacific Northwest Chapter of American Vacuum Society

Awards and Recognitions

  • M. T. Thomas Award for Outstanding Postdoctoral Achievement in the William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, PNNL, 2001
  • Graduate Fellowship funded by Lubrizol Corporation, 1994

PNNL Publications

2018

  • Frederick R.T., Z. Novotny, F.P. Netzer, G.S. Herman, and Z. Dohnalek. 2018. "Growth and Stability of Titanium Dioxide Nanoclusters on Graphene/Ru(0001)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 122, no. 2:640-648. PNNL-SA-126878. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b05518
  • Novotny Z., M. Nguyen, F.P. Netzer, V. Glezakou, R.J. Rousseau, and Z. Dohnalek. 2018. "Formation of Supported Graphene Oxide: Evidence for Enolate Species." Journal of American Chemical Society 140, no. 15:5102-5109. PNNL-SA-127157. doi:10.1021/jacs.7b12791

2017

  • Chen L., R.S. Smith, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2017. "Direct Deoxygenation of Phenylmethanol to Methylbenzene and Benzyl Radicals on Rutile TiO2(110)." ACS Catalysis 7, no. 3:2002-2006. PNNL-SA-123534. doi:10.1021/acscatal.6b03225
  • Dahal A.P., and Z. Dohnalek. 2017. "Formation of Metastable Water Chains on Anatase TiO2(101)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121, no. 37:20413-20418. PNNL-SA-127989. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b08122
  • Mu R., A.P. Dahal, Z. Wang, Z. Dohnalek, G.A. Kimmel, N.G. Petrik, and I.V. Lyubinetsky. 2017. "Adsorption and Photodesorption of CO from Charged Point-Defects on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 8, no. 18:4565-4572. PNNL-SA-128233. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02052
  • Nguyen M., R. Mu, D. Cantu Cantu, I.V. Lyubinetsky, V. Glezakou, Z. Dohnalek, and R.J. Rousseau. 2017. "Dynamics, stability, and adsorption states of water on oxidized RuO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry 121, no. 34:18505-18/515. PNNL-SA-126877. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b03280
  • Wang Z., Y. Wang, R. Mu, Y. Yoon, A.P. Dahal, G.K. Schenter, and V. Glezakou, et al. 2017. "Probing Equilibrium of Molecular and Deprotonated Water on TiO2(110)." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114, no. 8:1801-1805. PNNL-SA-119143. doi:10.1073/pnas.1613756114

2016

  • Asthagiri A., D.A. Dixon, Z. Dohnalek, B.D. Kay, J.A. Rodriquez, R.J. Rousseau, and D. Stacchiola, et al. 2016. "Catalytic Chemistry on Oxide Nanostructures." In Oxide Materials at the Two-Dimensional Limit. Springer Series in Materials Science, edited by FP Netzer and A Fortunelli. 251-280. Cham:Springer International. PNNL-SA-110501.
  • Chen L., R.S. Smith, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2016. "Adsorption of Small Hydrocarbons on Rutile TiO2(110)." Surface Science 650. PNNL-SA-113158. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2015.11.002
  • Du Y., G. Li, E.W. Peterson, J. Zhou, X. Zhang, R. Mu, and Z. Dohnalek, et al. 2016. "Iso-oriented monolayer a-MoO3(010) films epitaxially grown on SrTiO3(001)." Nanoscale 8, no. 5:3119-3124. PNNL-SA-114428. doi:10.1039/C5NR07745A
  • Henderson M.A., A.P. Dahal, Z. Dohnalek, and I.V. Lyubinetsky. 2016. "Strong temperature dependence in the reactivity of H2 on RuO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 7, no. 15:2967-2970. PNNL-SA-119145. doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b01307
  • Henderson M.A., R. Mu, A.P. Dahal, I. Lyubinetsky, Z. Dohnalek, V.A. Glezakou, and R.J. Rousseau. 2016. "Light Makes a Surface Banana-bond Split: Photodesorption of Molecular Hydrogen from RuO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 138, no. 28:8714-8717. PNNL-SA-117971. doi:10.1021/jacs.6b05083
  • Kim B., Z. Dohnalek, J. Szanyi, B.D. Kay, and Y. Kim. 2016. "Temperature-programmed Desorption Study of NO Reactions on Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1." Surface Science 652. PNNL-SA-114302. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2016.01.032
  • Yu X., Z. Zhang, C. Yang, F. Bebensee, S. Heibler, A. Nefedov, and M. Tang, et al. 2016. "Interaction of Formaldehyde with the Rutile TiO2(110) Surface: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120, no. 23:12626-12636. PNNL-SA-116863. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b03689

2015

  • Kim B., B.D. Kay, Z. Dohnalek, and Y. Kim. 2015. "Ammonia formation from NO reaction with surface hydroxyls on rutile TiO2 (110) - 1x1." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119, no. 2:1130-1135. PNNL-SA-106365. doi:10.1021/jp5109619
  • Mu R., D. Cantu Cantu, V.A. Glezakou, I. Lyubinetsky, R.J. Rousseau, and Z. Dohnalek. 2015. "Deprotonated Water Dimers: The Building Blocks of Segmented Water Chains on Rutile RuO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119, no. 41:23552-23558. PNNL-SA-111243. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b07158
  • Novotny Z., F. Netzer, and Z. Dohnalek. 2015. "Cerium oxide nanoclusters on graphene/Ru(0001): Intercalation of oxygen via spillover." ACS Nano 9, no. 8:8617-8626. PNNL-SA-111100. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b03987
  • Yoon Y., Y. Du, J.C. Garcia, Z. Zhu, Z. Wang, N.G. Petrik, and G.A. Kimmel, et al. 2015. "Anticorrelation between Surface and Subsurface Point Defects and the Impact on the Redox Chemistry of TiO2(110)." ChemPhysChem 16, no. 2:313-321. PNNL-SA-105906. doi:10.1002/cphc.201402599
  • Zhang Z., M. Tang, Z. Wang, Z. Ke, Y. Xia, K.T. Park, and I. Lyubinetsky, et al. 2015. "Imaging of Formaldehyde Adsorption and Diffusion on TiO2(110)." Topics in Catalysis 58, no. 2-3:103-113. PNNL-SA-103383. doi:10.1007/s11244-014-0349-6
  • Zhu K., Y. Xia, M. Tang, Z. Wang, B. Jan, I. Lyubinetsky, and Q. Ge, et al. 2015. "Tracking Site-specific C-C Coupling of Formaldehyde Molecules on Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119, no. 25:14267-14272. PNNL-SA-109861. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b04781

2014

  • Chen L., Z. Li, R.S. Smith, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2014. "Conversion of 1,2-Propylene Glycol on Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 28:15339-15347. PNNL-SA-102675. doi:10.1021/jp504770f
  • Chen L., Z. Li, R.S. Smith, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2014. "Conversion of 1,3-Propylene Glycol on Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 40:23181-23188. PNNL-SA-104963. doi:10.1021/jp507787m
  • Chen L., Z. Li, R.S. Smith, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2014. "Molecular Hydrogen Formation from Proximal Glycol Pairs on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 136, no. 15:5559-5562. PNNL-SA-100493. doi:10.1021/ja500992b
  • Fang Z., Z. Li, M.S. Kelley, B.D. Kay, S. Li, J.M. Hennigan, and R.J. Rousseau, et al. 2014. "Oxidation, Reduction, and Condensation of Alcohols over (MO3)3 (M=Mo, W) Nanoclusters." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 39:22620-22634. PNNL-SA-103803. doi:10.1021/jp5072132
  • Kim B., Z. Li, B.D. Kay, Z. Dohnalek, and Y. Kim. 2014. "Low-Temperature Desorption of N2O from NO on Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 18:9544-9550. PNNL-SA-100646. doi:10.1021/jp501179y
  • Lercher J.A., A.M. Appel, T. Autrey, R.M. Bullock, D.M. Camaioni, H.M. Cho, and D.A. Dixon, et al. 2014. "Multifunctional Catalysts to Synthesize and Utilize Energy Carriers." In Frontiers at the Interface between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis, II, 207-219. Washington, District Of Columbia:U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. PNNL-SA-103068.
  • Li Z., Z. Fang, M.S. Kelley, B.D. Kay, R.J. Rousseau, Z. Dohnalek, and D.A. Dixon. 2014. "Ethanol Conversion on Cyclic (MO3)3 (M = Mo, W) Clusters." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 9:4869-4877. PNNL-SA-98029. doi:10.1021/jp500255f
  • Mu R., D. Cantu Cantu, X. Lin, V.A. Glezakou, Z. Wang, I. Lyubinetsky, and R.J. Rousseau, et al. 2014. "Dimerization Induced Deprotonation of Water on RuO2(110)." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 5, no. 19:3445-3450. PNNL-SA-103828. doi:10.1021/jz501810g
  • Rousseau R.J., D.A. Dixon, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2014. "Dehydration, Dehydrogenation, and Condensation of Alcohols on Supported Oxide Catalysts Based on Cyclic (WO3)3 and (MoO3)3 Clusters." Chemical Society Reviews 43, no. 22:7664-7680. PNNL-SA-99875. doi:10.1039/c3cs60445d
  • Smith R.S., Z. Li, L. Chen, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2014. "Adsorption, Desorption, and Displacement Kinetics of H2O and CO2 on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 118, no. 28:8054-8061. PNNL-SA-100691. doi:10.1021/jp501131v
  • Smith R.S., Z. Li, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2014. "Adsorption, Desorption, and Displacement Kinetics of H2O and CO2 on Forsterite, Mg2SiO4(011)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118, no. 50:29091-29100. PNNL-SA-102294. doi:10.1021/jp504187y

2013

  • Acharya D.P., Y. Yoon, Z. Li, Z. Zhang, X. Lin, R. Mu, and L. Chen, et al. 2013. "Site-Specific Imaging of Elemental Steps in Dehydration of Diols on TiO2(110)." ACS Nano 7, no. 11:10414-10423. PNNL-SA-98207. doi:10.1021/nn404934q
  • Li Z., B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2013. "Dehydration and Dehydrogenation of Ethylene Glycol on Rutile TiO2(110)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 15, no. 29:12180-12186. PNNL-SA-93701. doi:10.1039/c3cp50687h
  • Lin X., Z. Wang, I. Lyubinetsky, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2013. "Interaction of CO2 with Oxygen Adatoms on Rutile TiO2(110)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 15, no. 17:6190-6195. PNNL-SA-91922. doi:10.1039/C3CP44040K

2012

  • Flaherty D.W., N.T. Hahn, R.A. May, S.P. Berglund, Y. Lin, K.J. Stevenson, and K.J. Stevenson, et al. 2012. "Reactive Ballistic Deposition of Nanostructured Model Materials for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage." Accounts of Chemical Research 45, no. 3:434-443. PNNL-SA-80939. doi:10.1021/ar200164u
  • Kim B., Z. Li, B.D. Kay, Z. Dohnalek, and Y. Kim. 2012. "The effect of oxygen vacancies on the binding interactions of NH3 with rutile TiO2(110) -1x1." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14, no. 43:15060-15065. PNNL-SA-89318. doi:10.1039/C2CP42754K
  • Kim B., Z. Li, B.D. Kay, Z. Dohnalek, and Y. Kim. 2012. "Unexpected Nondissociative Binding of N2O on Oxygen Vacancies on a Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 1:1145-1150. PNNL-SA-83511. doi:10.1021/jp210636j
  • Li S., Z. Li, Z. Zhang, B.D. Kay, R.J. Rousseau, and Z. Dohnalek. 2012. "Preparation, Characterization, and Catalytic Properties of Tungsten Trioxide Cyclic Trimers on FeO(111)/Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 1:908-916. PNNL-SA-82959. doi:10.1021/jp2093324
  • Li Z., B. Smid, Y. Kim, V. Matolin, B.D. Kay, R.J. Rousseau, and Z. Dohnalek. 2012. "Alcohol Dehydration on Monooxo W=O and Dioxo O=W=O Species." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3, no. 16:2168-2172. PNNL-SA-88790. doi:10.1021/jz300885v
  • Lin X., Y. Yoon, N.G. Petrik, Z. Li, Z. Wang, V.A. Glezakou, and B.D. Kay, et al. 2012. "Structure and Dynamics of CO2 on Rutile TiO2(110)-1x1." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 50:26322-26334. PNNL-SA-89052. doi:10.1021/jp308061j
  • Shen M., D.P. Acharya, Z. Dohnalek, and M.A. Henderson. 2012. "Importance of Diffusion in Methanol Photochemistry on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 48:25465-25469. PNNL-SA-91008. doi:10.1021/jp309768b
  • Smid B., Z. Li, A. Dohnalkova, B.W. Arey, R.S. Smith, V. Matolin, and B.D. Kay, et al. 2012. "Characterization of Nanoporous WO3 Films Grown via Ballistic Deposition." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116, no. 19:10649-10655. PNNL-SA-85761. doi:10.1021/jp3015723
  • Zhang Z., Y. Yoon, X. Lin, D.P. Acharya, B.D. Kay, R.J. Rousseau, and Z. Dohnalek. 2012. "OH Group Dynamics of 1, 3-propanediol on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 3, no. 22:3257-3263. PNNL-SA-90595. doi:10.1021/jz301412m

2011

  • Campbell C.T., A.K. Datye, G.A. Henkelman, R.F. Lobo, W.F. Schneider, L.D. Spicer, and W.T. Tysoe, et al. 2011. EMSL and Institute for Integrated Catalysis (IIC) Catalysis Workshop. PNNL-20426. Richland, WA: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
  • Li Z., R.S. Smith, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2011. "Determination of Absolute Coverages for Small Aliphatic Alcohols on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115, no. 45:22534-22539. PNNL-SA-81930. doi:10.1021/jp208228f
  • Li Z., Z. Zhang, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2011. "Polymerization of Formaldehyde and Acetaldehyde on Ordered (WO3)3 Films on Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115, no. 19:9692-9700. PNNL-SA-78252. doi:10.1021/jp202169x
  • Li Z., Z. Zhang, Y. Kim, R.S. Smith, F. Netzer, B.D. Kay, and R.J. Rousseau, et al. 2011. "Growth of Ordered Ultrathin Tungsten Oxide Films on Pt(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115, no. 13:5773-5783. PNNL-SA-76284. doi:10.1021/jp1108976
  • Wagner M., S. Surnev, M. Ramsey, G. Barcaro, L. Sementa, F.R. Negreiros, and A. Fortunelli, et al. 2011. "Structure and Bonding of Tungsten Oxide Clusters on Nanostructured Cu-O Surfaces." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115, no. 47:23480-23487. PNNL-SA-82010. doi:10.1021/jp208207e

2010

  • Dohnalek Z., I. Lyubinetsky, and R.J. Rousseau. 2010. "Thermally-Driven Processes on Rutile TiO2(110)-(1x1): A Direct View at the Atomic Scale." Progress in Surface Science 85, no. 5-8:161-205. PNNL-SA-71199. doi:10.1016/j.progsurf.2010.03.001
  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2010. "Formation of O Adatom Pairs and Charge Transfer upon O-2 Dissociation on Reduced TiO2(110)." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 12, no. 24:6337-6344. PNNL-SA-70272.
  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2010. "Water Interactions with Terminal Hydroxyls on TiO2 (110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, no. 40:17080-17084. PNNL-SA-73025. doi:10.1021/jp1036876
  • Kim J., B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2010. "Formaldehyde Polymerization on (WO3)3/TiO2(110) Model Catalyst." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, no. 40:17017-17022. PNNL-SA-71733.
  • Lyubinetsky I., Y. Du, N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, and M. Dupuis. 2010. "Two Pathways for Water Interaction with Oxygen Adatoms on TiO2(110) Surfaces." In International Symposium on Atomic Level Characterizations for New Materials and Devices. Tokyo:Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. PNNL-SA-67667.
  • Parkinson G.S., Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2010. "Reactivity of Fe0 Atoms with mixed CCI4 and D2O films over FeO (111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, no. 40:17136-17141. PNNL-SA-72451. doi:10.1021/jp103896k
  • Wang Z., Y. Du, Z. Dohnalek, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2010. "Direct Observation of Site Specific Molecular Chemisorption of O2 on TiO2 (110)." The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 1, no. 24:3524-3529. PNNL-SA-76519. doi:10.1021/jz101535f

2009

  • Cholette F., T. Zubkov, R.S. Smith, Z. Dohnalek, B.D. Kay, and P. Ayotte. 2009. "Infrared Spectroscopy and Optical Constants of Porous Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 113, no. 13:4131-4140. PNNL-SA-61796.
  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2009. "Imaging Consecutive Steps of O2 Reaction with Hydroxylated TiO2(110): Identification of HO2 and Terminal OH Intermediates." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 2:666-671. PNNL-SA-60868. doi:10.1021/jp807030n
  • Du Y., N.A. Deskins, Z. Zhang, Z. Dohnalek, M. Dupuis, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2009. "Two Pathways for Water Interaction with Oxygen Adatoms on TiO2(110)." Physical Review Letters 102, no. 9:Art. No. 096102. PNNL-SA-63535. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.096102
  • Kim Y., Z. Zhang, G.S. Parkinson, S. Li, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2009. "Reactivity of FeO(111)/Pt(111)with Alcohols." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 46:20020-20028. PNNL-SA-67864.
  • Kim Y.K., Z. Dohnalek, B.D. Kay, and R.J. Rousseau. 2009. "Competitive Oxidation and Reduction of Aliphatic Alcohols over (WO3)3 Clusters." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 22:9721-9730. PNNL-SA-63868.
  • Kimmel G.A., J. Matthiesen, M. Baer, C.J. Mundy, N.G. Petrik, R.S. Smith, and Z. Dohnalek, et al. 2009. "No Confinement Needed: Observation of a Metastable Hydrophobic Wetting Two-Layer Ice on Graphene." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, no. 35:12838-12844. PNNL-SA-65864.
  • Parkinson G.S., Y.K. Kim, Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2009. "Reactivity of Fe-0 atoms and clusters with D2O over FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 2:4960-4969. PNNL-SA-63282.
  • Parkinson G.S., Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2009. "Reactivity of C2Cl6 and C2Cl4 multilayers with Fe0 atoms over FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 23:10233-10241. PNNL-SA-63976.
  • Parkinson G.S., Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2009. "Reactivity of Fe-0 Atoms, Clusters, and Nanoparticles with CC14 Multilayers on FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 5:1818-1829. PNNL-SA-61984.
  • Petrik N.G., Z. Zhang, Y. Du, Z. Dohnalek, I. Lyubinetsky, and G.A. Kimmel. 2009. "Chemical Reactivity of Reduced TiO2(110): The dominant role of surface defects in oxygen chemisorption." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 28:12407-12411. PNNL-SA-65119. doi:10.1021/jp901989x
  • Smith R.S., T. Zubkov, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2009. "The Effect of the Incident Collision Energy on the Porosity of Vapor Deposited Amorphous Solid Water Films." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 113, no. 13:4000-4007. PNNL-SA-60684.
  • Zhang Z., R.J. Rousseau, J. Gong, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2009. "Imaging Hindered Rotations of Alkoxy Species on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131, no. 49:17926-17932. PNNL-SA-68160.
  • Zhang Z., Y. Du, N.G. Petrik, G.A. Kimmel, I. Lyubinetsky, and Z. Dohnalek. 2009. "Water as a Catalyst: Imaging Reactions of O-2 with Partially and Fully Hydroxylated TiO2(110) Surfaces." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, no. 5:1908-1916. PNNL-SA-62836.

2008

  • Dohnalek Z., J. Kim, and B.D. Kay. 2008. "Understanding How Surface Morphology and Hydrogen Dissolution Influence Ethylene Hydrogenation on Palladium." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, no. 40:15796-15801. PNNL-SA-51220. doi:10.1021/jp803880x
  • Du Y., Z. Dohnalek, and I. Lyubinetsky. 2008. "Transient Mobility of Oxygen Adatoms upon O2 Dissociation on Reduced TiO2 (110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, no. 7:2649-2653. PNNL-SA-57378. doi:10.1021/jp077677u
  • Kim Y., B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2008. "2-Propanol Dehydration on TiO2(110): The Effect of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancy Blocking." Surface Science 602, no. 2:511-516. PNNL-SA-57162. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2007.10.049
  • Kim Y., R.J. Rousseau, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2008. "Catalytic Dehydration of 2-Propanol on (WO3)3 Clusters on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, no. 15:5059-5061. PNNL-SA-58711. doi:10.1021/ja800730g
  • Li S., Z. Zhang, D. Sheppard, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, Y. Du, and I. Lyubinetsky, et al. 2008. "Intrinsic Diffusion of Hydrogen on Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 130, no. 28:9080-9088. PNNL-SA-58537. doi:10.1021/ja8012825
  • Zhang Z., R.J. Rousseau, J. Gong, S. Li, B.D. Kay, Q. Ge, and Z. Dohnalek. 2008. "Vacancy Assisted Diffusion of Alkoxy Species on Rutile TiO2(110)." Physical Review Letters 101, no. 15:156103. PNNL-SA-59664. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.156103

2007

  • Bondarchuk O., Y. Kim, J.M. White, J. Kim, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2007. "Surface Chemistry of 2-Propanol on TiO2(110): Low and High Temperature Dehydration, Isotope Effects, and Influence of Local Surface Structure." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111, no. 29:1105-11067. PNNL-SA-54619. doi:10.1021/jp072298m
  • Dixon D.A., Z. Dohnalek, M.S. Gutowski, J. Hu, E. Iglesia, B.D. Kay, and J. Liu, et al. 2007. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science. Meeting of the Catalysis and Chemical Transformations Program Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy Rockville, MD May 23-26, 2004, 389-392. Washington, District Of Columbia:Department of Energy. PNNL-SA-54459.
  • Flaherty D.W., Z. Dohnalek, A. Dohnalkova, B.W. Arey, D.E. McCready, N. Ponnusany, and C. Mullins, et al. 2007. "Reactive Ballistic Deposition of Porous TiO2 Films: Growth and Characterization." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111, no. 12:4765-4773. PNNL-SA-52580. doi:10.1021/jp067641m
  • Kim J., O. Bondarchuk, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2007. "Preparation and Characterization of Monodispersed WO3 Nanoclusters on TiO2(110)." Catalysis Today 120, no. 2:186-195. PNNL-SA-50486. doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2006.07.050
  • Kim Y., B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2007. "Alcohol Chemistry on Rutile TiO2(110): The Influence of Alkyl Substituents on Reactivity and Selectivity." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111, no. 49:18236-18242. PNNL-SA-56213. doi:10.1021/jp075608+
  • Kim Y., B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2007. "Inductive Effect of Alkyl Chains on Alcohol Dehydration at Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies of TiO2(110)." Catalysis Letters 119, no. 1-2:1-4. PNNL-SA-54909. doi:10.1007/s10562-007-9199-1
  • Kimmel G.A., N.G. Petrik, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2007. "Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111) and Pd(111): Nonwetting Growth on a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer." Journal of Chemical Physics 126, no. 11:Art. No. 114702. PNNL-SA-51889.
  • Zhang Z., O. Bondarchuk, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2007. "Direct Visualization of 2-Butanol Adsorption and Dissociation on TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 111, no. 7:3021-3027. PNNL-SA-51362. doi:10.1021/jp067461c
  • Zhang Z., Q. Ge, S. Li, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2007. "Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110)." Physical Review Letters 99, no. 12:paper #126105. PNNL-SA-53640. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.99.126105

2006

  • Bondarchuk O., X. Huang, J. Kim, B.D. Kay, L.S. Wang, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2006. "Formation of Monodisperse (WO3)3 Clusters on Ti02(110)." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 45, no. 29:4786-4789. PNNL-SA-47808. doi:10.1002/anie.200600837
  • Dohnalek Z., J. Kim, and B.D. Kay. 2006. "Growth of Epitaxial Thin Pd(111) Films on Pt(111) and Oxygen-Terminated FeO(111) Surfaces." Surface Science 600, no. 17:3461-3471. PNNL-SA-47863. doi:10.1016/j.susc.2006.06.036
  • Dohnalek Z., J. Kim, O.A. Bondarchuk, J.M. White, and B.D. Kay. 2006. "Physisorption of N2, O2, and CO on Fully Oxidized TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110, no. 12:6229-6235. PNNL-SA-47092. doi:10.1021/jp0564905
  • Kimmel G.A., N.G. Petrik, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2006. "Layer-by-Layer Growth of Thin Amorphous Solid Water Films on Pt(111) and Pd(111)." Journal of Chemical Physics 125, no. 4:044713-1 - 044713-12. PNNL-SA-48867. doi:10.1063/1.2218844
  • Tait S.L., Z. Dohnalek, C.T. Campbell, and B.D. Kay. 2006. "n-alkanes on Pt(111) and on C(0001)/Pt(111): Chain Length Dependence of Kinetic Desorption Parameters." Journal of Chemical Physics 125, no. 23:Art. No. 234308. PNNL-SA-52516. doi:10.1063/1.2400235
  • Zhang Z., O. Bondarchuk, B.D. Kay, J.M. White, and Z. Dohnalek. 2006. "Imaging Water Dissociation on TiO2(110): Evidence for Inequivalent Geminate OH Groups." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110, no. 43:21840-21845. PNNL-SA-50470. doi:10.1021/jp063619h
  • Zhang Z., O. Bondarchuk, J.M. White, B.D. Kay, and Z. Dohnalek. 2006. "Imaging Adsorbate O-H Bond Cleavage: Methanol on TiO2(110)." Journal of the American Chemical Society 128, no. 13:4198-4199. PNNL-SA-47892. doi:10.1021/ja058466a

2005

  • Daschbach J.L., Z. Dohnalek, S. Liu, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "Water Adsorption, Desorption, and Clustering on FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109, no. 20:10362-10370. PNNL-SA-43765.
  • Dixon D.A., Z. Dohnalek, M.S. Gutowski, J.Z. Hu, E. Iglesia, B.D. Kay, and J. Liu, et al. 2005. "Early Transition Metal Oxides as Catalysts: Crossing Scales from Clusters to Single Crystals to Functioning Materials." In Frontiers in Catalysis Science: Proceedings of the 12th DOE/BES Heterogeneous Catalysis & Surface Science Meeting, 389-392. Upton, New York:Frontiers in Catalysis Science. PNNL-SA-42058.
  • Kim J., Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "Cryogenic CO2 Formation on Oxidized Gold Clusters Synthesized via Reactive Layer Assisted Deposition." Journal of the American Chemical Society 127, no. 42:14592-93. PNNL-SA-46190.
  • Kim J., Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "Structural Characterization of Nanoporous Pd Films Grown Via Ballistic Deposition." Surface Science 586, no. 1-3:137-145. PNNL-SA-43826.
  • Kimmel G.A., N.G. Petrik, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "Crystalline Ice Growth on Pt(111): Observation of a Hydrophobic Water Monolayer." Physical Review Letters 95, no. 16:166102. PNNL-SA-45342.
  • Tait S.L., Z. Dohnalek, C. Campbell, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "Methane Adsorption and Dissociation and Oxygen Adsorption and Reaction with CO on Pd Nanoparticles on MgO(100) and on Pd(111)." Surface Science 591, no. 1-3:90-107. PNNL-SA-45238.
  • Tait S.L., Z. Dohnalek, C.T. Campbell, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "n-Alkanes on MgO(100). I: Coverage-Dependent Desorption Kinetics of n-Butane." Journal of Chemical Physics 122, no. 16:4707 (9 pages). PNNL-SA-43247.
  • Tait S.L., Z. Dohnalek, C.T. Campbell, and B.D. Kay. 2005. "n-Alkanes on MgO(100). II. Chain Length Dependence of Kinetic Desorption Parameters for Small n-Alkanes." Journal of Chemical Physics 122, no. 16:4708 (13 pages). PNNL-SA-43228.

2004

  • Kim J., Z. Dohnalek, J.M. White, and B.D. Kay. 2004. "Reactive Growth of Nanoscale MgO Films by Mg Atom Deposition onto O2 Multilayers." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108, no. 31:11666-11671. PNNL-SA-40944.
  • Liu S., Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2004. "Interaction of CH4, CH3Cl, CH2CI2, and CCl4 with O-terminated FeO(111)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108, no. 11:3644-3650. PNNL-SA-39787.

2003

  • Dohnalek Z., G.A. Kimmel, P. Ayotte, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2003. "The Deposition Angle-Dependent Density of Amorphous Solid Water Films." Journal of Chemical Physics 118, no. 1:364-372. PNNL-SA-36883.
  • Herman G.S., Z. Dohnalek, N.J. Ruzycki, and U. Diebold. 2003. "Experimental Investigation on the Interaction of Water and Methanol with Anatase-TiO2(101)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 107. PNNL-SA-38685.
  • Kimmel G.A., M. Persson, Z. Dohnalek, and B.D. Kay. 2003. "Temperature Independent Physisorption Kinetics and Adsorbate Layer Compression for Ar Adsorbed on Pt (111)." Journal of Chemical Physics 119, no. 13:6776-6783. PNNL-SA-37480.
  • Smith R.S., Z. Dohnalek, G.A. Kimmel, G.R. Teeter, P. Ayotte, J.L. Daschbach, and B.D. Kay. 2003. "Molecular Beam Studies of Nanoscale Films of Amorphous Solid Water." In Water in Confining Geometries, edited by V. Buch and J.P. Devlin. 337-357. New York, New York:Springer-Verlag. PNNL-SA-36993.

2002

  • Ayotte P., R.S. Smith, G.R. Teeter, Z. Dohnalek, G.A. Kimmel, and B.D. Kay. 2002. "A Beaker without Walls: Formation of Deeply Supercooled Binary Liquid Solutions of Alcohols from Nanoscale Amorphous Solid Films." Physical Review Letters 88, no. 24:art. no. 245505. PNNL-SA-35559.
  • Dohnalek Z., G.A. Kimmel, D.E. McCready, J.A. Young, A. Dohnalkova, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2002. "Structural and chemical characterization of aligned crystalline nanoporous MgO films grown via reactive ballistic deposition." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106, no. 14:3526-3529. PNNL-SA-34845. doi:10.1021/jp013801c
  • Dohnalek Z., R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2002. "Adsorption Dynamics and Desorption Kinetics of Argon and Methane on MgO(100)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106, no. 33:8360-8366. PNNL-SA-36216.
  • Smith R.S., Z. Dohnalek, G.A. Kimmel, K.P. Stevenson, and B.D. Kay. 2002. "The Relationship between the Self-diffusivity of Supercooled and Amorphous Solid Water." In 220th American Chemical Society National Meeting: Liquid Dynamics experiment, simulation, and theory; ACS Symposium series, edited by Fourkas, J. T., 820, 198-213. Washington, D.C.:American Chemical Society. PNNL-SA-33948.

2001

  • Ayotte P., R.S. Smith, K.P. Stevenson, Z. Dohnalek, G.A. Kimmel, and B.D. Kay. 2001. "Effect of Porosity on the Adsorption, Desorption, Trapping and Release of Volatile gases by Amorphous Solid Water." Journal of Geophysical Research. Planets 106, no. E12:33,387-33,392. PNNL-SA-33609.
  • Dohnalek Z., G.A. Kimmel, S.A. Joyce, P. Ayotte, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2001. "Physisorption of CO on The MgO(100) Surface." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 105, no. 18:3747-3751. PNNL-SA-33651.
  • Kimmel G.A., K.P. Stevenson, Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2001. "Control of Amorphous Solid Water Morphology using Molecular Beams - I: Experimental Results." Journal of Chemical Physics 114, no. 12:5284-5294. PNNL-SA-33253.
  • Kimmel G.A., K.P. Stevenson, Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2001. "Control of Amorphous Solid Water Morphology using Molecular Beams - II: Ballistic Deposition Simulations." Journal of Chemical Physics 114, no. 12:5295-5303. PNNL-SA-33252.

2000

  • Dohnalek Z., G.A. Kimmel, R.L. Ciolli, K.P. Stevenson, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 2000. "The Effect of Underlying Substrate on the Crystallization Kinetics of Dense Amorphous Solid Water Films." Journal of Chemical Physics 112, no. 13:5932-5941. PNNL-SA-32228.

1999

  • Dohnalek Z., R.L. Ciolli, G.A. Kimmel, K.P. Stevenson, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 1999. "Substrate Induced Crystallization of Amorphous Solid Water at Low Temperatures." Journal of Chemical Physics 110, no. 12:5489-5492. PNNL-SA-30439.
  • Stevenson K.P., G.A. Kimmel, Z. Dohnalek, R.S. Smith, and B.D. Kay. 1999. "Controlling the Morphology of Amorphous Solid Water." Science 283. PNNL-SA-30440.

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