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Physical Sciences

Physical Sciences Staff information

Mark Bowden

Foundational Catalysis Team
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: J7-10
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications


  • Adiga P.P., L. Wang, C. Wong, B.E. Matthews, M.E. Bowden, S.R. Spurgeon, and G.E. Sterbinsky, et al. 2023. "Correlation between oxygen evolution reaction activity and surface compositional evolution in epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5Ni1-xFexO3-d thin films." Nanoscale 15, no. 3:1119-1127. PNNL-SA-178044. doi:10.1039/D2NR05373J
  • Jiang W., L. Kovarik, M.G. Wirth, Z. Zhu, N.L. Canfield, L.M. Seymour, and L.M. Bagaasen, et al. 2023. "Ion irradiation study of lithium silicates for fusion blanket applications." Journal of Nuclear Materials 576. PNNL-SA-177177. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2023.154281
  • Matthews B.E., J.J. Neeway, L. Nava-Farias, J. Marcial, B.W. Arey, J.A. Soltis, and L. Kovarik, et al. 2023. "Micro- and Nanoscale Surface Analysis of Late Iron Age Glass from Broborg, a Vitrified Swedish Hillfort." Microscopy and Microanalysis 29, no. 1:50-68. PNNL-SA-163973. doi:10.1093/micmic/ozac032
  • Mergelsberg S.T., B.P. Rajan, B.A. Legg, L. Kovarik, S.D. Burton, G.M. Bowers, and M.E. Bowden, et al. 2023. "Nanoscale Mg-Depleted Layers Slow Carbonation of Forsterite (Mg2SiO4) When Water Is Limited." Environmental Science & Technology Letters 10, no. 1:98-104. PNNL-SA-178504. doi:10.1021/acs.estlett.2c00866
  • Mevawala C.R., K.P. Brooks, M.E. Bowden, H. Breunig, B.L. Tran, O.Y. Gutierrez-Tinoco, and S. Autrey, et al. 2023. "The ethanol - ethyl acetate system as a biogenic hydrogen carrier." Energy Technology 11, no. 1:Art. No. 2200892. PNNL-SA-169753. doi:10.1002/ente.202200892
  • Whalen S.A., N.R. Overman, B.S. Taysom, M.E. Bowden, M. Reza E Rabby, T.W. Skszek, and M. Diciano. 2023. "Effect of High Iron Content on Direct Recycling of Unhomogenized Aluminum 6063 Scrap by Shear Assisted Processing and Extrusion." Journal of Manufacturing Processes 97. PNNL-SA-181577. doi:10.1016/j.jmapro.2023.04.067


  • Allendorf M.D., V. Stavila, J.L. Snider, M. Witman, M.E. Bowden, K.P. Brooks, and B.L. Tran, et al. 2022. "Challenges to developing materials for the transport and storage of hydrogen." Nature Chemistry 14, no. 11:1214-1223. PNNL-SA-156815. doi:10.1038/s41557-022-01056-2
  • Bhattacharjee A., O. Qafoku, J. Richardson, L.N. Anderson, K.C. Schwarz, L.M. Bramer, and G.X. Lomas, et al. 2022. "A Mineral-Doped Micromodel Platform Demonstrates Fungal Bridging of Carbon Hot Spots and Hyphal Transport of Mineral-Derived Nutrients." mSystems 7, no. 6:Art. No. e00913-22. PNNL-SA-167557. doi:10.1128/msystems.00913-22
  • Bhattacharyya A., R.K. Kukkadapu, M.E. Bowden, J. Pett-Ridge, and P.S. Nico. 2022. "FAST REDOX SWITCHES LEAD TO RAPID TRANSFORMATION OF GOETHITE IN HUMID TROPICAL SOILS: A MOSSBAUER SPECTROSCOPY STUDY." Soil Science Society of America Journal 86, no. 2:264-274. PNNL-SA-164689. doi:10.1002/saj2.20382
  • Jiang W., L. Kovarik, Z. Zhu, T. Varga, M.E. Bowden, B.E. Matthews, and Z. Hu, et al. 2022. "Microstructural evolution and precipitation in gamma-LiAlO2 during ion irradiation." Journal of Applied Physics 131, no. 21:Art. No. 215902. PNNL-SA-170674. doi:10.1063/5.0089865
  • Lybrand R.A., O. Qafoku, M.E. Bowden, M.F. Hochella, L. Kovarik, D.E. Perea, and N. Qafoku, et al. 2022. "Fungal hyphae develop where titanomagnetite inclusions reach the surface of basalt grains." Scientific Reports 12. PNNL-SA-163525. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-04157-z
  • Nayyar I.H., B. Ginovska, M.E. Bowden, G.M. Edvenson, B.L. Tran, and S. Autrey. 2022. "Analysis of intermediates and products from the dehydrogenation of Mg(BH4)2." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 126, no. 3:444-452. PNNL-SA-168448. doi:10.1021/acs.jpca.1c09690
  • Reynolds J., A.C. Acosta, S. Kang, S. Li, A.S. Lipton, M.E. Bowden, and N.R. Myllenbeck, et al. 2022. "Teaching an Old Reagent New Tricks: Synthesis, Unusual Reactivity, and Solution Dynamics of Borohydride Grignard Compounds." Organometallics 41, no. 20:2823-2832. PNNL-SA-174730. doi:10.1021/acs.organomet.2c00284
  • Samarakoon W.S., J. Hu, M. Song, M.E. Bowden, N. Lahiri, J. Liu, and L. Wang, et al. 2022. "Direct Imaging of the Structural and Morphological Evolution of Epitaxial LiCoO2 Films during Charge and Overcharge." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 126, no. 37:15882-15890. PNNL-SA-171524. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.2c01940
  • Song I., K. Khivantsev, Y. Wu, M.E. Bowden, Y. Wang, and J. Szanyi. 2022. "Unusual water-assisted NO adsorption over Pd/FER calcined at high temperatures: The effect of cation migration." Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 318. PNNL-SA-172537. doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2022.121810
  • Spinola D., R. Portes, J. Fedenko, R.A. Lybrand, A. Dere, F. Biles, and T.P. Trainor, et al. 2022. "Lithological controls on soil geochemistry and clay mineralogy across Spodosols in the coastal temperate rainforest of southeast Alaska." Geoderma 428. PNNL-SA-184413. doi:10.1016/j.geoderma.2022.116211
  • Strange L.E., V. Shutthanandan, M. Song, M.E. Bowden, Q. Miller, R. Prabhakaran, and R.W. Shimskey, et al. 2022. "Multimodal Analysis and Characterization of the Boehmite Layer formed on AA6061 Before and After Alkaline Etching." Journal of Materials Research and Technology 21. PNNL-SA-174631. doi:10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.09.125
  • Wang G., D. Kim, M.J. Olszta, M.E. Bowden, D.K. Schreiber, S.A. Saslow, and W. Um, et al. 2022. "Metallic Technetium Sequestration in Nickel Core/Shell Microstructure during Fe(OH)2 Transformation with Ni doping." Journal of Hazardous Materials 425. PNNL-SA-146435. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.127779
  • Yokosuk M.O., K.L. Jensen, J.D. Erickson, D.L. Saunders, M.E. Bowden, T.J. Johnson, and T.L. Myers. 2022. "Using spectroscopic ellipsometry and single-angle reflectance to derive accurate optical constants for chemical forms of aspartame." In Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XXIII, April 3-13, 2022, Orlando, FL. Proceedings of the SPIE, edited by J.A. Guicheteau and C.R. Howle, 12116, Paper No. 1211608. Bellingham, Washington:SPIE. PNNL-SA-170935. doi:10.1117/12.2619853
  • Yoon H., T. Truttmann, F. Liu, B.E. Matthews, S. Choo, Q. Su, and V. Saraswat, et al. 2022. "Freestanding Epitaxial SrTiO3 Nanomembranes via Remote Epitaxy using Hybrid Molecular Beam Epitaxy." Science Advances 8, no. 51:Art. No. eadd5328. PNNL-SA-173465. doi:10.1126/sciadv.add5328


  • Blanchet M., J. Heath, T.C. Kaspar, B.E. Matthews, S.R. Spurgeon, M.E. Bowden, and S.M. Heald, et al. 2021. "Electronic and Structural Properties of Single-crystal Jahn-Teller Active Co1+xMn2-xO4 Thin Films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 33, no. 12:124002. PNNL-SA-156954. doi:10.1088/1361-648X/abd573
  • Dembowski M., J.S. Loring, M.E. Bowden, J.G. Reynolds, T.R. Graham, K.M. Rosso, and C.I. Pearce. 2021. "The controlling role of atmosphere in dawsonite versus gibbsite precipitation from tetrahedral aluminate species." Dalton Transactions 50, no. 38:13438-13446. PNNL-SA-163459. doi:10.1039/D1DT02081A
  • Gigante A., N. Leick, A.S. Lipton, B.L. Tran, N.A. Strange, M.E. Bowden, and M. Martinez, et al. 2021. "Thermal conversion of unsolvated Mg(B3H8)2 to BH4- in the presence of MgH2." ACS Applied Energy Materials 4, no. 4:3737-3747. PNNL-SA-158858. doi:10.1021/acsaem.1c00159
  • Kaspar T.C., Q. Pang, P.V. Sushko, M.E. Bowden, J. Tao, B. Gwalani, and M.J. Olszta, et al. 2021. "Metastable orientation relationships in thin film Cu-Cr bilayers." Scripta Materialia 194. PNNL-SA-156813. doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2020.113635
  • Kaspar T.C., S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, M.E. Bowden, S.M. Heald, L. Wang, and R. Kelley, et al. 2021. "Incorporation of Ti in epitaxial Fe2TiO4 thin films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 33, no. 31:Article No. 314004. PNNL-SA-160885. doi:10.1088/1361-648X/ac0571
  • Kovarik L., M.E. Bowden, and J. Szanyi. 2021. "High temperature transition aluminas in d-Al2O3/?-Al2O3 stability range: Review." Journal of Catalysis 393. PNNL-SA-153915. doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2020.10.009
  • Lawter A.R., T.G. Levitskaia, O. Qafoku, M.E. Bowden, F. Cintron Colon, and N. Qafoku. 2021. "Simultaneous immobilization of aqueous co-contaminants using a bismuth layered material." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 237. PNNL-SA-147691. doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2021.106711
  • Plymale A.E., J.R. Wells, C.I. Pearce, C.J. Brislawn, E.B. Graham, T. Cheeke, and J.L. Allen, et al. 2021. "Niche partitioning of microbial communities at an ancient vitrified hillfort: implications for vitrified radioactive waste disposal." Geomicrobiology Journal 38, no. 1:36-56. PNNL-SA-150253. doi:10.1080/01490451.2020.1807658
  • Qafoku O., B.T. O'Callahan, Q. Zhao, M.E. Bowden, R.K. Kukkadapu, J.S. Loring, and A. Andersen. 2021. "Characterizing the Localization of Organic C on Mineral Surfaces: A Correlative Microscopy/spectroscopy Approach." Microscopy and Microanalysis 27, no. S1:306-307. PNNL-SA-165849. doi:10.1017/S1431927621001665
  • Ren P., Z. Lu, M. Song, L. Liu, B. Wang, N. Wei, and M.E. Bowden, et al. 2021. "Formation of pyrophosphates across grain boundaries induces the formation of mismatched but oriented interfaces in silver phosphate polypods." Applied Surface Science 563. PNNL-SA-155375. doi:10.1016/j.apsusc.2021.149980
  • Riechers S.L., N.G. Petrik, J.S. Loring, M.E. Bowden, J.B. Cliff, M.K. Murphy, and C.I. Pearce, et al. 2021. "Direct Visualization of Radiation-Induced Transformations at Alkali Halide-Air Interfaces." Communications Chemistry 4, no. 1:Article No. 49. PNNL-SA-155542. doi:10.1038/s42004-021-00486-2
  • Tran B.L., T. Allen, M.E. Bowden, S. Autrey, and C.M. Jensen. 2021. "Effects of Glymes on the Distribution of Mg(B10H10) and Mg(B12H12) from the Thermolysis of Mg(BH4)2." Inorganics 9, no. 6:article 41. PNNL-SA-161527. doi:10.3390/inorganics9060041
  • Wang G., M.E. Bowden, S.A. Saslow, B.J. Riley, D. Kim, W.C. Eaton, and A.A. Kruger. 2021. "Micrometer-sized Magnetite Synthesis using Fe(OH)2(s) as a Precursor for Technetium Sequestration from Liquid Nuclear Waste Streams." Journal of Nuclear Materials 552. PNNL-SA-158404. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2021.152964
  • Wang G., M.J. Olszta, S.A. Saslow, D. Kim, M.E. Bowden, W. Um, and J. Wang, et al. 2021. "A Focused Ion Beam-Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy with Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy Study on Technetium Incorporation within Iron Oxides through Fe(OH)2(s) Mineral Transformation." ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 5, no. 3:525-534. PNNL-SA-151082. doi:10.1021/acsearthspacechem.0c00305
  • Wang L., P.P. Adiga, J. Zhao, W.S. Samarakoon, K.A. Stoerzinger, S.R. Spurgeon, and B.E. Matthews, et al. 2021. "Understanding the Electronic Structure Evolution of Epitaxial LaNi1-xFexO3 Thin Films for Water Oxidation." Nano Letters 21, no. 19:8324-8331. PNNL-SA-163586. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.1c02901
  • Wu H., P. Gao, H. Jia, L. Zou, L. Zhang, X. Cao, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2021. "A Polymer-in-Salt Electrolyte with Enhanced Oxidative Stability for Lithium Metal Polymer Batteries." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 13, no. 27:31583-31593. PNNL-SA-159667. doi:10.1021/acsami.1c04637
  • Xu M., J.A. Lopez-Ruiz, L. Kovarik, M.E. Bowden, S.D. Davidson, R.S. Weber, and I. Wang, et al. 2021. "Structure sensitivity and its effect on methane turnover and carbon co-product selectivity in thermocatalytic decomposition of methane over supported Ni catalysts." Applied Catalysis A: General 611. PNNL-SA-158733. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2020.117967


  • Bowden M.E., B. Ginovska, M.O. Jones, A.J. Karkamkar, A.J. Ramirez-Cuesta, L.L. Daemen, and G.K. Schenter, et al. 2020. "Heterolytic Scission of Hydrogen Within a Crystalline Frustrated Lewis Pair." Inorganic Chemistry 59, no. 20:15295-15301. PNNL-SA-154933. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c02290
  • Dembowski M., M.P. Prange, M. Pouvreau, T.R. Graham, M.E. Bowden, A.T. N'Diaye, and G.K. Schenter, et al. 2020. "Inference of Principal Species in Caustic Aluminate Solutions Through Solid-State Spectroscopic Characterization." Dalton Transactions 49, no. 18:5869-5880. PNNL-SA-150681. doi:10.1039/d0dt00229a
  • Dimitrievska M., M.M. Chong, M.E. Bowden, H. Wu, W. Zhou, I.H. Nayyar, and B. Ginovska, et al. 2020. "Structural and reorientational dynamics of tetrahydroborate (BH4 -) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) in a Mg(BH4)2·3THF adduct: neutron-scattering characterization." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 22, no. 1:368-378. PNNL-SA-141423. doi:10.1039/C9CP03311D
  • Jia H., Y. Xu, S.D. Burton, P. Gao, X. Zhang, B.E. Matthews, and M.H. Engelhard, et al. 2020. "Enabling Ether-Based Electrolytes for Long Cycle Life of Lithium-Ion Batteries at High Charge Voltage." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 12, no. 49:54893-54903. PNNL-SA-156239. doi:10.1021/acsami.0c18177
  • Kovarik L., M.E. Bowden, A. Andersen, N.R. Jaegers, N.M. Washton, and J. Szanyi. 2020. "Quantification of High-Temperature Transition Al2O3 and Their Phase Transformations." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 59, no. 48:21719-21727. PNNL-SA-153941. doi:10.1002/anie.202009520
  • Liu J., E. Jia, K.A. Stoerzinger, L. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Yang, and D. Shen, et al. 2020. "Dynamic Lattice Oxygen Participation on Perovskite LaNiO3 During Oxygen Evolution Reaction." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124, no. 28:15386-15390. PNNL-SA-152668. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c04808
  • Miller Q., J. Kaszuba, S.N. Kerisit, H.T. Schaef, M.E. Bowden, B.P. McGrail, and K.M. Rosso. 2020. "Emerging Investigator Series: Ion Diffusivities in Nanoconfined Interfacial Water Films Contribute to Mineral Carbonation Thresholds." Environmental Science Nano 7, no. 4:1068-1081. PNNL-SA-149770. doi:10.1039/c9en01382b
  • Qafoku O., L. Kovarik, M.E. Bowden, E. Nakouzi, A. Sheng, J. Liu, and C.I. Pearce, et al. 2020. "Nanoscale Observations of Fe(II)-Induced Ferrihydrite Transformation." Environmental Science Nano 7, no. 10:2953-2967. PNNL-SA-155340. doi:10.1039/D0EN00730G
  • Rod K.A., K.F. Patel, S. Kumar, E. Cantando, W. Leng, R.K. Kukkadapu, and O. Qafoku, et al. 2020. "Dispersible Colloid Facilitated Release of Organic Carbon From Two Contrasting Riparian Sediments." Frontiers in Water 2. PNNL-SA-160357. doi:10.3389/frwa.2020.560707
  • Rod K.A., P. Smith, W. Leng, S.M. Colby, R.K. Kukkadapu, M.E. Bowden, and O. Qafoku, et al. 2020. "Water-dispersible nanocolloids and higher temperatures promote the release of carbon from riparian soil." Vadose Zone Journal 19, no. 1:Article No. e20077. PNNL-SA-156976. doi:10.1002/vzj2.20077
  • Saslow S.A., C.I. Pearce, M.E. Bowden, W.W. Lukens, D. Kim, A.A. Kruger, and W. Um. 2020. "Kinetics of Co-Mingled 99Tc and Cr Removal During Mineral Transformation of Ferrous Hydroxide." ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 4, no. 2:218-228. PNNL-SA-147021. doi:10.1021/acsearthspacechem.9b00277
  • Sassi M., Z. Wang, E.D. Walter, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, X.S. Li, and A. Tuladhar, et al. 2020. "Surface Hydration and Hydroxyl Configurations of Gibbsite and Boehmite Nanoplates." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 124, no. 9:5275-5285. PNNL-SA-149815. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.0c00659
  • Scafetta M., T.C. Kaspar, M.E. Bowden, S.R. Spurgeon, B.E. Matthews, and S.A. Chambers. 2020. "Reversible Oxidation Quantified by Optical Properties in Epitaxial Fe2CrO4+d Films on (001) MgAl2O4." ACS Omega 5, no. 7:3240-3249. PNNL-SA-143728. doi:10.1021/acsomega.9b03299
  • Sinnwell M.A., Q. Miller, L. Liu, J. Tao, M.E. Bowden, L. Kovarik, and D. Barpaga, et al. 2020. "Kinetics and Mechanisms of ZnO to ZIF-8 Transformations in Supercritical CO2 Revealed by in situ X-ray Diffraction." ChemSusChem 13, no. 10:2602-2612. PNNL-SA-149718. doi:10.1002/cssc.202000434
  • Sinnwell M.A., Q. Miller, L. Palys, D. Barpaga, L. Liu, M.E. Bowden, and Y. Han, et al. 2020. "Molecular Intermediate in the Directed Formation of a Zeolitic Metal-Organic Framework." Journal of the American Chemical Society 142, no. 41:17598-17606. PNNL-SA-154537. doi:10.1021/jacs.0c07862
  • Tao J., M. Lee, M.L. Sushko, J.J. De Yoreo, J. Liu, Z. Zhang, and D. Banerjee, et al. 2020. "Controlling Metal-Organic Framework/ZnO heterostructure kinetics through selective ligand binding to ZnO surface steps." Chemistry of Materials 32, no. 15:6666-6675. PNNL-SA-153263. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c02123
  • Wang L., Z. Yang, J. Wu, M.E. Bowden, W. Yang, H. Qiao, and Y. Du. 2020. "Time- and Strain-Dependent Nanoscale Structural Degradation in Phase Change Epitaxial Strontium Ferrite Films." npj Materials Degradation 4, no. 1:Article No.16. PNNL-SA-151481. doi:10.1038/s41529-020-0120-3
  • Wang L., Z. Yang, M.E. Bowden, J.W. Freeland, P.V. Sushko, S.R. Spurgeon, and B.E. Matthews, et al. 2020. "Hole-Trapping-Induced Stabilization of Ni4+ in SrNiO3/ LaFeO3 Superlattices." Advanced Materials 32, no. 45:2005003. PNNL-SA-152538. doi:10.1002/adma.202005003
  • Xie X., C. He, B. Li, Y. He, D.A. Cullen, E.C. Wegener, and A. Kropf, et al. 2020. "Performance enhancement and degradation mechanism identification of a single-atom Co-N-C catalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells." Nature Catalysis 3, no. 12:1044-1054. PNNL-SA-151274. doi:10.1038/s41929-020-00546-1
  • Zhan X., M.E. Bowden, X. Lu, J.F. Bonnett, T.L. Lemmon, D.M. Reed, and V.L. Sprenkle, et al. 2020. "A Low-Cost Durable Na-FeCl2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability." Advanced Energy Materials 10, no. 10:1903472. PNNL-SA-147633. doi:10.1002/aenm.201903472
  • Zhan X., M.E. Bowden, X. Lu, J.F. Bonnett, T.L. Lemmon, D.M. Reed, and V.L. Sprenkle, et al. 2020. "Na-FeCl2 Batteries: A Low-Cost Durable Na-FeCl2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability (Adv. Energy Mater. 10/2020)." Advanced Energy Materials 10, no. 10:Article No. 2070042. PNNL-SA-152309. doi:10.1002/aenm.202070042


  • Bowers G.M., J.S. Loring, E.D. Walter, S.D. Burton, M.E. Bowden, D.W. Hoyt, and B.W. Arey, et al. 2019. "Influence of Smectite Structure and Hydration on Supercritical Methane Binding and Dynamics in Smectite Pores." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123, no. 48:29231-29244. PNNL-SA-146425. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b08875
  • Bowers G.M., J.S. Loring, H.T. Schaef, S.S. Cunniff, E.D. Walter, S.D. Burton, and R.K. Larsen, et al. 2019. "Chemical Trapping of CO2 by Clay Minerals at Reservoir Conditions: Two Mechanisms Observed by In Situ High Pressure and Temperature Experiments." ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 3, no. 6:1034-1046. PNNL-SA-140918. doi:10.1021/acsearthspacechem.9b00038
  • Devaraj A., W. Wang, V.R. Vemuri, L. Kovarik, X. Jiang, M.E. Bowden, and J.R. Trelewicz, et al. 2019. "Grain Boundary Segregation and Intermetallic Precipitation in Coarsening Resistant Nanocrystalline Aluminum Alloys." Acta Materialia 165. PNNL-SA-135423. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2018.09.038
  • Dohnalkova A., S.L. Bell, M.L. Smith, L. Kovarik, M.E. Bowden, and K.S. Hofmockel. 2019. "Mineral-Organic Interface on Clay Minerals: Imaging and Analytical Approaches." Microscopy and Microanalysis 25, no. S2:2438-2439. PNNL-SA-148288. doi:10.1017/S1431927619012923
  • Garcellano R.C., S. Moinuddin, R.P. Young, M.E. Bowden, M. Zhou, R.S. Renslow, and Y. Yesiltepe, et al. 2019. "Isolation of Tryptanthrin and Reassessment of Evidence for its Isobaric Isostere Wrightiadione in Plants of the Wrightia Genus." Journal of Natural Products 82, no. 3:440-448. PNNL-SA-135279. doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.8b00567
  • Graham T.R., J.Z. Hu, X. Zhang, M. Dembowski, N.R. Jaegers, C. Wan, and M.E. Bowden, et al. 2019. "Unraveling Gibbsite Transformation Pathways into LiAl-LDH in Concentrated Lithium Hydroxide." Inorganic Chemistry 58, no. 18:12385-12394. PNNL-SA-138626. doi:10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b02000
  • Han Y., M.A. Sinnwell, S.J. Teat, M.L. Sushko, M.E. Bowden, Q. Miller, and H.T. Schaef, et al. 2019. "Desulfurization Efficiency Preserved in a Heterometallic MOF: Synthesis and Thermodynamically Controlled Phase Transition." Advanced Science 6, no. 7:1802056. PNNL-SA-136448. doi:10.1002/advs.201802056
  • Kaspar T.C., P.V. Sushko, S.R. Spurgeon, M.E. Bowden, D.J. Keavney, R.B. Comes, and S. Saremi, et al. 2019. "Electronic structure and band alignment of LaMnO3 / SrTiO3 polar / non-polar heterojunctions." Advanced Materials Interfaces 6, no. 1:1801428. PNNL-SA-137669. doi:10.1002/admi.201801428
  • Kovarik L., M.E. Bowden, D. Shi, J. Szanyi, and C.H. Peden. 2019. "Structural Intergrowth in delta-Al2O3." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 123, no. 14:9454-9460. PNNL-SA-138049. doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b10135
  • Kumar R., A.J. Karkamkar, M.E. Bowden, and S. Autrey. 2019. "Solid state hydrogen rich boron-nitrogen compounds for energy storage." Chemical Society Reviews 48, no. 21:5350-5380. PNNL-SA-146182. doi:10.1039/c9cs00442d
  • Lim Z., N. Quackenbush, A. Penn, M. Chrysler, M.E. Bowden, Z. Zhu, and J. Ablett, et al. 2019. "Charge Transfer and Built-in Electric Fields between a Crystalline Oxide and Silicon." Physical Review Letters 123, no. 2:Article No.026805. PNNL-SA-138000. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.026805
  • Lim Z., N. Quackenbush, A. Penn, M. Chrysler, M.E. Bowden, Z. Zhu, and J. Ablett, et al. 2019. "Charge Transfer and Built-in Electric Fields Between a Crystalline Oxide and Silicon." Physical Review Letters 123, no. 2:Article Number 026805. PNNL-SA-144010. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.026805
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  • Qiao L., H. Zhang, M.E. Bowden, T. Varga, V. Shutthanandan, R.J. Colby, and Y. Du, et al. 2013. "The Impacts of Cation Stoichiometry and Substrate Surface Quality on Nucleation, Structure, Defect Formation, and Intermixing in Complex Oxide Heteroepitaxy-LaCrO3 on SrTiO3(001)." Advanced Functional Materials 23, no. 23:2953-2963. PNNL-SA-89831. doi:10.1002/adfm.201202655
  • Qiao L., H.Y. Xiao, S.M. Heald, M.E. Bowden, T. Varga, G.J. Exarhos, and M.D. Biegalski, et al. 2013. "The impact of crystal symmetry on the electronic structure and functional properties of complex lanthanum chromium oxides." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 1, no. 30:4527-4535. PNNL-SA-94824. doi:10.1039/C3TC30883A
  • Schaef H.T., B.P. McGrail, J.S. Loring, M.E. Bowden, B.W. Arey, and K.M. Rosso. 2013. "Forsterite [Mg2SiO4)] Carbonation in Wet Supercritical CO2: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Environmental Science & Technology 47, no. 1:174-181. PNNL-SA-84791. doi:10.1021/es301126f
  • Schaef H.T., Q. Miller, C.J. Thompson, J.S. Loring, M.E. Bowden, B.W. Arey, and B.P. McGrail, et al. 2013. "Silicate Carbonation in Supercritical CO2 Containing Dissolved H2O: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Energy Procedia 37. PNNL-SA-85671. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.514
  • Sushko P., L. Qiao, M.E. Bowden, T. Varga, G.J. Exarhos, F.K. Urban, III, and D. Barton, et al. 2013. "Multiband Optical Absorption Controlled by Lattice Strain in Thin-Film LaCrO3." Physical Review Letters 110, no. 7:077401. PNNL-SA-87597. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.077401
  • Varga T., T.C. Droubay, M.E. Bowden, R.J. Colby, S. Manandhar, V. Shutthanandan, and D. Hu, et al. 2013. "Coexistence of Weak Ferromagnetism and Polar Lattice Distortion in Epitaxial NiTiO3 thin films of the LiNbO3-Type Structure." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology Part B. Nanotechnology & Microelectronics 31, no. 3:Article No. 030603. PNNL-SA-92833. doi:10.1116/1.4801664
  • Zhang W., M.E. Bowden, and K. Krishan. 2013. "Nanoimprint-lithography Patterned Epitaxial Fe Nanowire Arrays With Misaligned Magnetocrystalline And Shape Anisotropies." Journal of Applied Physics 113, no. 17:Article No. 17B502. PNNL-SA-96891. doi:10.1063/1.4794358


  • Alvine K.J., M. Vijayakumar, M.E. Bowden, A.L. Schemer-Kohrn, and S.G. Pitman. 2012. "Hydrogen diffusion in Lead Zirconate Titanate and Barium Titanate." Journal of Applied Physics 112, no. 4:Article No. 043511. PNNL-SA-82843. doi:10.1063/1.4748283
  • Capan C., G. Sun, M.E. Bowden, and S.A. Chambers. 2012. "Epitaxial Cr on n-SrTiO3(001)-An ideal Ohmic contact." Applied Physics Letters 100, no. 5:052106. PNNL-SA-83506. doi:10.1063/1.3680608
  • Jiang W., M.E. Bowden, Z. Zhu, P.A. Jozwik, J. Jagielski, and A. Stonert. 2012. "Defects and Minor Phases in O+ and Zr+ Ion Co-implanted SrTiO3." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 51, no. 2:621-628. PNNL-SA-77668. doi:10.1021/ie200267n
  • Kaspar T.C., M.E. Bowden, T. Varga, C.M. Wang, V. Shutthanandan, A.G. Joly, and B.D. Wirth, et al. 2012. "Structural characterization of epitaxial CrxMo1-x alloy thin films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 24, no. 9:095001. PNNL-SA-81559. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/24/9/095001
  • Varga T., T.C. Droubay, M.E. Bowden, P. Nachimuthu, V. Shutthanandan, T.B. Bolin, and W.A. Shelton, et al. 2012. "Epitaxial growth of NiTiO3 with a distorted ilmenite structure." Thin Solid Films 520, no. 17:5534-5541. PNNL-SA-83110. doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2012.04.060


  • Autrey T., M.E. Bowden, and A.J. Karkamkar. 2011. "Control of hydrogen release and uptake in amine borane molecular complexes: Thermodynamics of ammonia borane, ammonium borohydride, and the diammoniate of diborane." Faraday Discussions 151, no. 0:157-169. PNNL-SA-76789. doi:10.1039/C0FD00015A
  • Bowden M.E., and T. Autrey. 2011. "Characterization and Mechanistic Studies of the Dehydrogenation of NHxBHx Materials." Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science 15, no. 2:73-79. PNNL-SA-73671. doi:10.1016/j.cossms.2011.01.005
  • Graham K.R., M.E. Bowden, and T. Kemmitt. 2011. "Synthesis and Characterization of Methylammonium Borohydride." Inorganic Chemistry 50, no. 3:932-936. PNNL-SA-74583. doi:10.1021/ic1015719
  • Mangham A.N., N. Govind, M.E. Bowden, V. Shutthanandan, A.G. Joly, M.A. Henderson, and S.A. Chambers. 2011. "Photochemical Properties, Composition, and Structure in Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Fe "Doped" and (Fe,N) Codoped Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115, no. 31:15416-15424. PNNL-SA-79027. doi:10.1021/jp203061n
  • Qiao L., T.C. Droubay, M.E. Bowden, V. Shutthanandan, T.C. Kaspar, and S.A. Chambers. 2011. "LaCrO3 heteroepitaxy on SrTiO3(001) by molecular beam epitaxy." Applied Physics Letters 99, no. 6:Art. No. 061904. PNNL-SA-80732. doi:10.1063/1.3624473
  • Qiao L., T.C. Droubay, T. Varga, M.E. Bowden, V. Shutthanandan, Z. Zhu, and T.C. Kaspar, et al. 2011. "Epitaxial growth, structure and intermixing at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface as the film stoichiometry is varied." Physical Review B 83, no. 8:085408. PNNL-SA-74388. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.085408
  • Wang C.M., D.R. Baer, S.M. Bruemmer, M.H. Engelhard, M.E. Bowden, J.A. Sundararajan, and Y. Qiang. 2011. "Microstructure of the Native Oxide Layer on Ni and Cr-doped Ni Nanoparticles." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11, no. 10:8488-8497. PNNL-SA-76189. doi:10.1166/jnn.2011.4964
  • Zachara J.M., R.K. Kukkadapu, T. Peretyazhko, M.E. Bowden, C.M. Wang, D.W. Kennedy, and D.A. Moore, et al. 2011. "The Mineralogic Transformation of Ferrihydrite Induced by Heterogeneous Reaction with Bioreduced Anthraquinone Disulfonate (AQDS) and the Role of Phosphate." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75, no. 21:6330-6349. PNNL-SA-76025. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.06.030
  • Zhang W., M.E. Bowden, and K.M. Krishnan. 2011. "Competing effects of magnetocrystalline anisotropy and exchange bias in epitaxial Fe/IrMn bilayers." Applied Physics Letters 98, no. 9:092503. PNNL-SA-78075. doi:10.1063/1.3561516
  • Zhao B., T.C. Kaspar, T.C. Droubay, J.S. McCloy, M.E. Bowden, V. Shutthanandan, and S.M. Heald, et al. 2011. "Electrical transport properties of Ti-doped Fe2O3(0001) epitaxial films." Physical Review B 84, no. 24:245325. PNNL-SA-83375. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.245325


  • Bowden M.E., and M. Ryan. 2010. "Absorption Correction for Cylindrical and Annular Specimens and their Containers or Supports." Journal of Applied Crystallography 43, no. Pt 4:693-698. PNNL-SA-69852. doi:10.1107/S0021889810021114
  • Bowden M.E., D.J. Heldebrant, A.J. Karkamkar, T.E. Proffen, G.K. Schenter, and T. Autrey. 2010. "The diammoniate of diborane: Crystal structure and hydrogen release." Chemical Communications 46, no. 45:8564-8566. PNNL-SA-74582. doi:10.1039/C0CC03249B
  • Jaffe J.E., T.C. Kaspar, T.C. Droubay, T. Varga, M.E. Bowden, and G.J. Exarhos. 2010. "Electronic and defect structure of CuSCN." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114, no. 19:9111-9117. PNNL-SA-70397. doi:10.1021/jp101586q
  • Shaw W.J., M.E. Bowden, A.J. Karkamkar, C.J. Howard, D.J. Heldebrant, N.J. Hess, and J.C. Linehan, et al. 2010. "Characterization of a New Phase of Ammonia Borane." Energy & Environmental Science 3, no. 6:796-804. PNNL-SA-66903.


  • Heldebrant D.J., A.J. Karkamkar, N.J. Hess, M.E. Bowden, S.D. Rassat, F. Zheng, and K.G. Rappe, et al. 2008. "The Effects of Chemical Additives on the Induction Phase in Solid-State Thermal Decomposition of Ammonia Borane." Chemistry of Materials 20, no. 16:5332-5336. PNNL-SA-60433. doi:10.1021/cm801253u
  • Hess N.J., M.E. Bowden, V.M. Parvanov, C.J. Mundy, S.M. Kathmann, G.K. Schenter, and T. Autrey. 2008. "Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane: Raman spectroscopy of single crystal NH3BH3 as a function of temperature from 88 to 330 K." Journal of Chemical Physics 128, no. 3:Art. No. 034508. PNNL-SA-56829. doi:10.1063/1.2820768

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