Cyber, physical, and blended cyber-physical threats are real, ubiquitous, and expensive to deal with. Private companies, government institutions, and critical infrastructures struggle to implement viable solutions as technology evolves.
E4D is a 3D geophysical modeling and inversion program designed for subsurface imaging and monitoring using static and time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), spectral induced polarization (SIP) and travel-time tomography data.
PNNL is a leader in the integration of aberration-corrected electron microscopy, in-situ techniques, and atom probe tomography to address challenges in nuclear materials, environmental remediation, energy storage, and national security.
PNNL's River Corridor Hydrobiogeochemistry Scientific Focus Area works to transform understanding of spatial and temporal dynamics in river corridor hydrobiogeochemical functions from molecular reaction to watershed and basin scales.