A new Co-Optima report describes an assessment of 400 biofuel-derived samples and identifies the top ten candidates for blending with petroleum fuel to improve boosted spark ignition engine efficiency.
Nitrogen oxides, also known as NOx, form when fossil fuels burn at high temperatures. When emitted from industrial sources such as coal power plants, these pollutants react with other compounds to produce harmful smog.
Researchers apply numerical simulations to understand more about a sturdy material and how its basic structure responds to and resists radiation. The outcomes could help guide development of the resilient materials of the future.
Several years ago, a relatively new catalyst for vehicle emission control began showing failure. A team at PNNL found that this seemingly suicidal catalyst wasn’t actually self-destructing but was the victim of an external assailant.