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Atmospheric Science & Global Change

Staff information

Lai-yung

Lai-yung Ruby Leung

Atmospher Sci & Global Chg
Battelle Fellow, Earth Sci
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-30
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Dr. L. Ruby Leung is a Battelle Fellow at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and an Affiliate Scientist at National Center for Atmospheric Research. Her research broadly cuts across multiple areas in modeling and analysis of climate and the hydrological cycle including land-atmosphere interactions, orographic processes, monsoon climate, climate extremes, land surface processes, and aerosol-cloud interactions. Her research on climate change impacts has been featured in Science, Popular Science, Wall Street Journal, National Public Radio, and many major newspapers.

Dr. Leung is the Chief Scientist of Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) supported by Department of Energy. She has organized key workshops sponsored by DOE, NSF, NOAA, and NASA, and served on advisory panels and NRC committee that define future priorities in climate modeling, hydroclimate, and water cycle research. She is an editor of the American Geophysical Union Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres and American Meteorological Society Journal of Hydrometeorology. She has published over 250 peer-reviewed journal articles and has been session chairs and keynote/invited speakers in many workshops and conferences.

Research Interests

  • Regional and global climate modeling
  • Land-atmosphere interactions
  • Regional hydrologic cycle
  • Orographic precipitation
  • Climate extremes
  • Climate variability and change

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Atmospheric Science, Texas A&M University
  • M.S., Atmospheric Science, Texas A&M University
  • B.S., (Honors) Physics & Statistics, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science

Awards and Recognitions

  • Member of National Academy of Engineering
  • Member of the Washington State Academy of Sciences
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Fellow, American Meteorological Society
  • Fellow, American Geophysical Union

PNNL Publications

2021

  • Balaguru K., L. Leung, S.M. Hagos, and S. Krishnakumar. 2021. "An oceanic pathway for Madden-Julian Oscillation influence on Maritime Continent Tropical Cyclones." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 4. PNNL-SA-161677. doi:10.1038/s41612-021-00208-4
  • Balaguru K., L. Van Roekel, L. Leung, and M. Veneziani. 2021. "Subtropical Eastern North Pacific SST bias in earth system models." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 126, no. 8:e2021JC017359. PNNL-SA-160304. doi:10.1029/2021JC017359
  • Chen X., L. Leung, Y. Gao, and Y. Liu. 2021. "Response of US West Coast Mountain Snowpack to Local Sea Surface Temperature Perturbations: Insights from Numerical Modeling and Machine Learning." Journal of Hydrometeorology 22, no. 4:1045-1062. PNNL-SA-157939. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-20-0127.1
  • Chen X., L. Leung, Z. Feng, F. Song, and Q. Yang. 2021. "Mesoscale Convective Systems Dominate the Energetics of the South Asian Summer Monsoon Onset." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 17:e2021GL094873. PNNL-SA-161336. doi:10.1029/2021GL094873
  • Dong L., and L. Leung. 2021. "Winter precipitation changes in California under global warming: Contributions of CO2, uniform SST warming, and SST change patterns." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 5:e2020GL091736. PNNL-SA-158949. doi:10.1029/2020GL091736
  • Dong L., L. Leung, F. Song, and J. Lu. 2021. "Uncertainty in El Niño-like warming and California precipitation changes linked by the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation." Nature Communications 12. PNNL-SA-163307. doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26797-5
  • Dong L., L. Leung, J. Lu, and F. Song. 2021. "Double-ITCZ as an emergent constraint for future precipitation over Mediterranean climate regions in the North Hemisphere." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 3:e2020GL091569. PNNL-SA-158966. doi:10.1029/2020GL091569
  • Fang Y., L. Leung, B. Wolfe, M. Detto, R. Knox, N.G. McDowell, and C. Grossiord, et al. 2021. "Disentangling the effects of vapor pressure deficit and soil water availability on canopy conductance in a seasonal tropical forest during the 2015 EI Niiio drought." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 10:e2021JD035004. PNNL-SA-146993. doi:10.1029/2021JD035004
  • Feng Z., F. Song, K. Sakaguchi, and L. Leung. 2021. "Evaluation of Mesoscale Convective Systems in Climate Simulations: Methodological Development and Results from MPAS-CAM over the United States." Journal of Climate 34, no. 7:2611–2633. PNNL-SA-151716. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0136.1
  • Feng Z., L. Leung, N. Liu, J. Wang, R.A. Houze, J. Li, and J.C. Hardin, et al. 2021. "A Global High-resolution Mesoscale Convective System Database using Satellite-derived Cloud Tops, Surface Precipitation, and Tracking." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 8:e2020JD034202. PNNL-SA-157800. doi:10.1029/2020JD034202
  • Guo M., Q. Zhuang, H. Yao, M. Golub, L. Leung, and Z. Tan. 2021. "Intercomparison of thermal regime algorithms in 1-D lake models." Water Resources Research 57, no. 6:e2020WR028776. PNNL-SA-156419. doi:10.1029/2020WR028776
  • Guo M., Q. Zhuang, H. Yao, M. Golub, L. Leung, and Z. Tan. 2021. "Validation and Sensitivity Analysis of a 1-D Lake Model across Global Lakes." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 4:e2020JD033417. PNNL-SA-156424. doi:10.1029/2020JD033417
  • Hagos S.M., L. Leung, O.A. Garuba, and C.M. Patricola. 2021. "Influence of Background Divergent Moisture Flux on the Frequency of North Pacific Atmospheric Rivers." Journal of Climate 34, no. 15:6129-6139. PNNL-SA-156772. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0058.1
  • Hagos S.M., L. Leung, O.A. Garuba, C. Demott, B.E. Harrop, J. Lu, and M. Ahn. 2021. "The relationship between precipitation and precipitable water in CMIP6 simulations and implications for tropical climatology and change." Journal of Climate 34, no. 5:1587-1600. PNNL-SA-152254. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0211.1
  • Hao D., G. Bisht, Y. Gu, W. Lee, K.N. Liou, and L. Leung. 2021. "A Parameterization of Sub-grid Topographical Effects on Solar Radiation in the E3SM Land Model (Version 1.0): Implementation and Evaluation over the Tibetan Plateau." Geoscientific Model Development 14, no. 10:6273–6289. PNNL-SA-160129. doi:10.5194/gmd-2021-55
  • Hu H., L. Leung, and Z. Feng. 2021. "Early Warm-Season Mesoscale Convective Systems Dominate Soil Moisture-Precipitation Feedback for Summer Rainfall in Central US." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 118, no. 43:e2105260118. PNNL-SA-157170. doi:10.1073/pnas.2105260118
  • Hu H., Z. Feng, and L. Leung. 2021. "Linking flood frequency with mesoscale convective systems in the central US." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 9:e2021GL092546. PNNL-SA-159138. doi:10.1029/2021GL092546
  • Li J., Y. Qian, L. Leung, and Z. Feng. 2021. "Summer mean and extreme precipitation over the Mid-Atlantic region: climatological characteristics and contributions from different precipitation types." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 15:e2021JD035045. PNNL-SA-161356. doi:10.1029/2021JD035045
  • Li J., Z. Feng, Y. Qian, and L. Leung. 2021. "A high-resolution unified observational data product of mesoscale convective systems and isolated deep convection in the United States for 2004 - 2017." Earth System Science Data 13, no. 2:827-856. PNNL-SA-153640. doi:10.5194/essd-13-827-2021
  • Lu J., D. Xue, L. Leung, F. Liu, F. Song, B.E. Harrop, and W. Zhou. 2021. "The Leading Modes of Asian Summer Monsoon Variability as Pulses of Atmospheric Energy Flow." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 5:e2020GL091629. PNNL-SA-157035. doi:10.1029/2020GL091629
  • Shi P., H. Lu, L. Leung, Y. He, B. Wang, K. Yang, and L. Yu, et al. 2021. "Significant land contributions to interannual predictability of East Asian summer monsoon rainfall." Earth's Future 9, no. 2:e2020EF001762. PNNL-SA-158849. doi:10.1029/2020EF001762
  • Song F., L. Leung, J. Lu, L. Dong, W. Zhou, B.E. Harrop, and Y. Qian. 2021. "Emergence of seasonal delay of tropical rainfall during 1979-2019." Nature Climate Change 11, no. 7:605-612. PNNL-SA-155998. doi:10.1038/s41558-021-01066-x
  • Song F., Z. Feng, L. Leung, B. Pokharel, S. Wang, X. Chen, and K. Sakaguchi, et al. 2021. "Crucial roles of eastward propagating environments in the summer MCS initiation over the US Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 16:e2021JD034991. PNNL-SA-157771. doi:10.1029/2021JD034991
  • Tan Z., L. Leung, H. Li, T.K. Tesfa, Q. Zhu, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, et al. 2021. "Increased extreme rains intensify erosional nitrogen and phosphorus fluxes to the northern Gulf of Mexico in recent decades." Environmental Research Letters 16, no. 5:054080. PNNL-SA-160296. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/abf006
  • Wang L., Y. Qian, L. Leung, X. Chen, C. Sarangi, J. Lu, and F. Song, et al. 2021. "Multiple metrics informed projections of future precipitation in China." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 18:e2021GL093810. PNNL-SA-163252. doi:10.1029/2021GL093810
  • Wang P., Y. Yang, J. Tang, L. Leung, and H. Liao. 2021. "Intensified Humid Heat Events under Global Warming." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 2:e2020GL091462. PNNL-SA-158826. doi:10.1029/2020GL091462
  • Wang S., Y. Qian, L. Leung, and Y. Zhang. 2021. "Identifying key drivers of wildfires in the contiguous US using machine learning and game theory interpretation." Earth's Future 9, no. 6:e2020EF001910. PNNL-SA-162325. doi:10.1029/2020EF001910
  • Xu M., C. Zhao, J. Gu, J. Feng, S.M. Hagos, L. Leung, and Y. Luo, et al. 2021. "Convection-permitting hindcasting of diurnal variation of Mei-yu rainfall over East China with a global variable-resolution model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 126, no. 14:e2021JD034823. PNNL-SA-163518. doi:10.1029/2021JD034823
  • Xue Y., T. Yao, A. Boone, I. Diallo, Y. Liu, X. Zeng, and W. Lau, et al. 2021. "Impact of Initialized Land Surface Temperature and Snowpack on Subseasonal to Seasonal Prediction Project, Phase I (LS4P-I): Organization and Experimental design." Geoscientific Model Development 14, no. 7:4465–4494. PNNL-SA-163702. doi:10.5194/gmd-14-4465-2021
  • Yang Q., L. Leung, Z. Feng, F. Song, and X. Chen. 2021. "A Simple Lagrangian Parcel Model for the Initiation of Summertime Mesoscale Convective Systems over the Central United States." Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 78, no. 11:3537-3558. PNNL-SA-162977. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-21-0136.1
  • Zhou W., L. Leung, F. Song, and J. Lu. 2021. "Future changes in the Great Plains Low-Level Jet governed by seasonally dependent pattern changes in the North Atlantic Subtropical High." Geophysical Research Letters 48, no. 4:e2020GL090356. PNNL-SA-156288. doi:10.1029/2020GL090356

2020

  • Anandhi A., K. Douglas-Mankin, P. Srivastava, R. Aiken, G.B. Senay, L. Leung, and I. Chaubey. 2020. "DPSIR-ESA Vulnerability Assessment (DEVA) Framework: Synthesis, Foundational Overview, and Expert Case Studies." Transactions of the ASABE 63, no. 3:741-752. PNNL-SA-151020. doi:10.13031/trans.13516
  • Balaguru K., C. Patricola, S.M. Hagos, L. Leung, and L. Dong. 2020. "Enhanced predictability of Eastern North Pacific Tropical cyclone activity using the ENSO Longitude Index." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 16:Article No. e2020GL088849. PNNL-SA-153159. doi:10.1029/2020GL088849
  • Balaguru K., G.R. Foltz, L. Leung, J. Kaplan, W. Xu, N. Reul, and B. Chapron. 2020. "Pronounced Impact of Salinity on Rapidly Intensifying Tropical Cyclones." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 9:E1497–E1511. PNNL-SA-141071. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0303.1
  • Balaguru K., L. Leung, L. Van Roekel, J. Golaz, P. Ullrich, P.M. Caldwell, and S.M. Hagos, et al. 2020. "Characterizing Tropical Cyclones in the Energy Exascale Earth System Model version 1." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 8:Article No. e2019MS002024. PNNL-SA-150203. doi:10.1029/2019MS002024
  • Burrows S.M., M.E. Maltrud, X. Yang, Q. Zhu, N. Jeffery, X. Shi, and D.M. Ricciuto, et al. 2020. "The DOE E3SM v1.1 biogeochemistry configuration: Description and Simulated Ecosystem-Climate Responses to Historical Changes in Forcing." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 9:e2019MS001766. PNNL-SA-144279. doi:10.1029/2019MS001766
  • Chan M., F. Zhang, X. Chen, and L. Leung. 2020. "Potential Impacts of Assimilating All-sky Satellite Infrared Radiances on Convection-Permitting Analysis and Prediction of Tropical Convection." Monthly Weather Review 148, no. 8:3203–3224. PNNL-SA-153230. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-19-0343.1
  • Chen X., and L. Leung. 2020. "Response of Landfalling Atmospheric Rivers on the U.S. West Coast to Local Sea Surface Temperature Perturbations." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 18:e2020GL089254. PNNL-SA-155435. doi:10.1029/2020GL089254
  • Chen X., O. Pauluis, L. Leung, and F. Zhang. 2020. "Significant Contribution of Mesoscale Overturning to Tropical Mass and Energy Transport Revealed by the ERA5 Reanalysis." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 1:Article No. e2019GL085333. PNNL-SA-139042. doi:10.1029/2019GL085333
  • Dunne J.P., M. Winton, J. Bacmeister, G. Danabasoglu, A. Gettelman, J. Golaz, and C. Hannay, et al. 2020. "Comparison of equilibrium climate sensitivity estimates from slab ocean, 150-year, and longer simulations." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 16:Article No. e2020GL088852. PNNL-SA-154791. doi:10.1029/2020GL088852
  • Gutowski W., P. Ullrich, A. Hall, L. Leung, T.A. O'Brien, C. Patricola, and R. Arritt, et al. 2020. "The ongoing need for high-resolution regional climate models: Process understanding and stakeholder information." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 5:E664–E683. PNNL-SA-147322. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0113.1
  • Hagos S.M., C. Zhang, L. Leung, O.A. Garuba, C.D. Burleyson, and K. Balaguru. 2020. "Impacts of insolation and soil moisture on the seasonality of interactions between the Madden-Julian Oscillation and Maritime Continent." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 125, no. 13:Article No. e2020JD032382. PNNL-SA-150515. doi:10.1029/2020JD032382
  • Hannah W., C.R. Jones, B.R. Hillman, M. Norman, D.C. Bader, M. Taylor, and L. Leung, et al. 2020. "Initial Results from the Super-Parameterized E3SM." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 1:Article No. e2019MS001863. PNNL-SA-146506. doi:10.1029/2019MS001863
  • Hu H., L. Leung, and Z. Feng. 2020. "Observed Warm-Season Characteristics of MCS and Non-MCS Rainfall and Their Recent Changes in the Central United States." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 6:Article Number e2019GL086783. PNNL-SA-150193. doi:10.1029/2019GL086783
  • Hu H., L. Leung, and Z. Feng. 2020. "Understanding the distinct impacts of MCS and non-MCS rainfall on the surface water balance in the central US using a numerical water-tagging technique." Journal of Hydrometeorology 21, no. 10:2343–2357. PNNL-SA-152366. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-20-0081.1
  • Lau W., K. Kim, J. Chern, W. Tao, and L. Leung. 2020. "Structural changes and variability of the ITCZ induced by radiation-cloud-convection-circulation interactions: Inferences from the Goddard Multi-scale Modeling Framework (GMMF) experiments." Climate Dynamics 54, no. 1-2:211-229. PNNL-SA-143824. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-05000-y
  • Leung L., D.C. Bader, M. Taylor, and R. McCoy. 2020. "An Introduction to the E3SM Special Collection: Goals, Science Drivers, Development, and Analysis." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 11:e2019MS001821. PNNL-SA-145495. doi:10.1029/2019MS001821
  • Liao C., T.K. Tesfa, Z. Duan, and L. Leung. 2020. "Watershed Delineation On A Hexagonal Mesh Grid." Environmental Modelling & Software 128. PNNL-SA-146861. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2020.104702
  • Liu F., J. Lu, Y. Huang, L. Leung, B.E. Harrop, and Y. Luo. 2020. "Sensitivity of surface temperature to oceanic forcing via q-Flux Green’s function experiments. Part III: asymmetric response to warming and cooling." Journal of Climate 33, no. 4:1283–1297. PNNL-SA-149208. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0131.1
  • Lu J., F. Liu, L. Leung, and H. Lei. 2020. "Neutral modes of surface temperature and the optimal ocean thermal forcing for global cooling." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 3, no. 1:UNSP 9. PNNL-SA-144325. doi:10.1038/s41612-020-0112-6
  • Mondal S., A.K. Mishra, and L. Leung. 2020. "Spatiotemporal Characteristics and Propagation of Summer Extreme Precipitation Events over United States: A Complex Network Analysis." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 15:Article No. e2020GL088185. PNNL-SA-150901. doi:10.1029/2020GL088185
  • Pendergrass A.G., P.J. Gleckler, L. Leung, and C. Jakob. 2020. "Benchmarking Simulated Precipitation in Earth System Models." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, no. 6:E814–E816. PNNL-SA-152142. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0318.1
  • Sarangi C., Y. Qian, K. Rittger, L. Leung, D. Chand, K.J. Bormann, and T.H. Painter. 2020. "Dust dominates high-altitude snow darkening and melt over high-mountain Asia." Nature Climate Change 10. PNNL-SA-154621. doi:10.1038/s41558-020-00909-3
  • Shinozuka Y., P. Saide, G.A. Ferrada, S. Burton, R.A. Ferrare, S.J. Doherty, and H. Gordon, et al. 2020. "Modeling the smoky troposphere of the southeast Atlantic: a comparison to ORACLES airborne observations from September of 2016." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 20, no. 19:11491–11526. PNNL-SA-154760. doi:10.5194/acp-20-11491-2020
  • Solander K., B.D. Newman, A.C. Araujo, H.R. Barnard, Z.C. Berry, D. Bonal, and M. Bretfeld, et al. 2020. "The pantropical response of soil moisture to El Niño." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 24, no. 5:2303–2322. PNNL-SA-152945. doi:10.5194/hess-24-2303-2020
  • Song F., J. Lu, L. Leung, and F. Liu. 2020. "Contrasting phase changes of precipitation annual cycle between land and ocean under global warming." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 20:e2020GL090327. PNNL-SA-142748. doi:10.1029/2020GL090327
  • Tan Z., L. Leung, H. Li, T.K. Tesfa, Q. Zhu, and M. Huang. 2020. "A substantial role of soil erosion in the land carbon sink and its future changes." Global Change Biology 26, no. 4:2642-2655. PNNL-SA-150643. doi:10.1111/gcb.14982
  • Tesfa T.K., L. Leung, and S.J. Ghan. 2020. "Exploring topography-based methods for downscaling subgrid precipitation for use in Earth System Models." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 125, no. 5:Article No. e2019JD031456. PNNL-SA-146636. doi:10.1029/2019JD031456
  • Wang H., R.C. Easter, R. Zhang, P. Ma, B. Singh, K. Zhang, and D. Ganguly, et al. 2020. "Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New Developments and Their Impacts on Radiative Forcing." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 1:Article No. e2019MS001851. PNNL-SA-146124. doi:10.1029/2019MS001851
  • Yan H., N. Sun, M.S. Wigmosta, L. Leung, Z. Hou, A. Coleman, and R.L. Skaggs. 2020. "Evaluating next-generation intensity-duration-frequency curves for design flood estimates in the snow-dominated western United States." Hydrological Processes 34, no. 5:1255-1268. PNNL-SA-143219. doi:10.1002/hyp.13673
  • Yang C., H. Li, Y. Fang, C. Cui, T. Wang, C. Zheng, and L. Leung, et al. 2020. "Effects of groundwater pumping on ground surface temperature: A regional modeling study in the North China Plain." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 125, no. 9:Article No. e2019JD031764. PNNL-SA-152773. doi:10.1029/2019JD031764
  • Zhang X., H. Li, L. Leung, L. Liu, M.I. Hejazi, B. Forman, and W. Yigzaw. 2020. "River Regulation Alleviates the Impacts of Climate Change on US Thermoelectricity Production." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 125, no. 4. PNNL-SA-120778. doi:10.1029/2019JD031618
  • Zhou T., L. Leung, G. Leng, N. Voisin, H. Li, A. Craig, and T.K. Tesfa, et al. 2020. "Global irrigation characteristics and effects simulated by fully coupled land surface, river, and water management models in E3SM." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 12, no. 10:Article No. e2020MS002069. PNNL-SA-147925. doi:10.1029/2020MS002069
  • Zhou W., L. Leung, J. Lu, D. Yang, and F. Song. 2020. "Contrasting Recent and Future ITCZ Changes from Distinct Tropical Warming Patterns." Geophysical Research Letters 47, no. 22:e2020GL089846. PNNL-SA-154107. doi:10.1029/2020GL089846

2019

  • Barlow M., W.J. Gutowski, J.R. Gyakum, R.W. Katz, Y. Lim, R.S. Schumacher, and M.F. Wehner, et al. 2019. "North American extreme precipitation events and related large-scale meteorological patterns: a review of statistical methods, dynamics, modeling, and trends." Climate Dynamics 53, no. 11:6835–6875. PNNL-SA-153260. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04958-z
  • Cai T., Y. Zhang, X. Ren, L. Bielory, Z. Mi, C.G. Nolte, and Y. Gao, et al. 2019. "Development of a semi-mechanistic allergenic pollen emission model." Science of the Total Environment 653. PNNL-SA-111106. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.243
  • Caldwell P.M., A. Mametjanov, Q. Tang, L. Van Roekel, J. Golaz, W. Lin, and D. Bader, et al. 2019. "The DOE E3SM Coupled Model Version 1: Description and Results at High Resolution." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 12:4095– 4146. PNNL-SA-147364. doi:10.1029/2019MS001870
  • Chen G., J. Norris, D. Neelin, J. Lu, L. Leung, and K. Sakaguchi. 2019. "Thermodynamic and Dynamic Mechanisms for Hydrological Cycle Intensification over the Full Probability Distribution of Precipitation Events." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 76, no. 2:497-516. PNNL-SA-132710. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0067.1
  • Chen X., L. Leung, M.S. Wigmosta, and M.C. Richmond. 2019. "Impact of Atmospheric Rivers on Surface Hydrological Processes in Western U.S. Watersheds." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 16:8896–8916. PNNL-SA-141431. doi:10.1029/2019JD030468
  • Chen X., Z. Duan, L. Leung, and M.S. Wigmosta. 2019. "A Framework to Delineate Precipitation-Runoff Regimes: Precipitation vs. Snowpack in the Western U.S." Geophysical Research Letters 46, no. 22:13044-13053. PNNL-SA-141385. doi:10.1029/2019GL085184
  • Dong L., L. Leung, J. Lu, and F. Song. 2019. "Mechanisms for an amplified precipitation seasonal cycle in the U.S. West Coast under global warming." Journal of Climate 32, no. 15:4681-4698. PNNL-SA-140936. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0093.1
  • Dong L., L. Leung, J. Lu, and Y. Gao. 2019. "Contributions of extreme and non-extreme precipitation to California precipitation seasonality changes under warming." Geophysical Research Letters 46, no. 22:13470-13478. PNNL-SA-149215. doi:10.1029/2019GL084225
  • Feng Z., R.A. Houze, L. Leung, F. Song, J.C. Hardin, J. Wang, and W.I. Gustafson, et al. 2019. "Spatiotemporal Characteristics and Large-scale Environments of Mesoscale Convective Systems East of the Rocky Mountains." Journal of Climate 32, no. 21:7303-7328. PNNL-SA-141508. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0137.1
  • Golaz J., P.M. Caldwell, L. Van Roekel, M.R. Petersen, Q. Tang, J. Wolfe, and G.W. Abeshu, et al. 2019. "The DOE E3SM coupled model version 1: Overview and evaluation at standard resolution." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 7:2089-2129. PNNL-SA-141816. doi:10.1029/2018MS001603
  • Hagos S.M., C. Zhang, L. Leung, C.D. Burleyson, and K. Balaguru. 2019. "A zonal migration of monsoon moisture flux convergence and the strength of Madden-Julian Oscillation Events." Geophysical Research Letters 46, no. 14:8554-8562. PNNL-SA-143132. doi:10.1029/2019GL083468
  • Hagos S.M., L. Leung, M. Ashfaq, and K. Balaguru. 2019. "South Asian Monsoon Precipitation in CMIP5: A link between Inter-model spread and the representations of Tropical Convection." Climate Dynamics 52, no. 1-2:1049-1061. PNNL-SA-122642. doi:10.1007/s00382-018-4177-4
  • Harrop B.E., J. Lu, and L. Leung. 2019. "Correction to: Sub-cloud moist entropy curvature as a predictor for changes in the seasonal cycle of tropical precipitation." Climate Dynamics 53, no. 9-10:6521-6521. PNNL-SA-147399. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04995-8
  • Harrop B.E., J. Lu, and L. Leung. 2019. "Sub-cloud moist entropy curvature as a predictor for changes in the seasonal cycle of tropical precipitation." Climate Dynamics 53, no. 5-6:3463-3479. PNNL-SA-132417. doi:10.1007/s00382-019-04715-2
  • He J., F. Zhang, X. Chen, X. Bao, D. Chen, H. Kim, and H. Lai, et al. 2019. "Development and Evaluation of an Ensemble-based Data Assimilation System for Regional Reanalysis over the Tibetan Plateau and Surrounding Regions." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 8:2503-2522. PNNL-SA-145451. doi:10.1029/2019MS001665
  • Hou Z., H. Ren, N. Sun, M.S. Wigmosta, Y. Liu, L. Leung, and H. Yan, et al. 2019. "Incorporating Climate Non-stationarity and Snowmelt Processes in Intensity-Duration-Frequency Analyses with Case Studies in Mountainous Areas." Journal of Hydrometeorology 20, no. 12:2331–2346. PNNL-SA-132327. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-19-0055.1
  • Hu Z., J. Huang, C. Zhao, J. Bi, Q. Jin, Y. Qian, and L. Leung, et al. 2019. "Modeling the contributions of Northern Hemisphere dust sources to dust outflow from East Asia." Atmospheric Environment 202. PNNL-SA-142175. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2019.01.022
  • Hu Z., J. Huang, C. Zhao, Y. Ma, Q. Jin, Y. Qian, and L. Leung, et al. 2019. "Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: spatiotemporal characteristics and source contributions." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 19:12709-12730. PNNL-SA-148835. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12709-2019
  • Lawrence D.M., R.A. Fisher, C.D. Koven, K. Oleson, S.C. Swenson, G. Bonan, and N. Collier, et al. 2019. "The Community Land Model Version 5: Description of New Features, Benchmarking, and Impact of Forcing Uncertainty." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 12:4245-4287. PNNL-SA-150848. doi:10.1029/2018MS001583
  • Levin E., P. Demott, K.J. Suski, Y. Boose, T.C. Hill, C.S. Mccluskey, and G. Schill, et al. 2019. "Characteristics of ice nucleating particles in and around California winter storms." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 21:11530-11551. PNNL-SA-147575. doi:10.1029/2019JD030831
  • Levin E., P.J. DeMott, K.J. Suski, Y. Boose, T.C. Hill, C.S. Mccluskey, and G. Schill, et al. 2019. "Characteristics of Ice Nucleating Particles in and Around California Winter Storms." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 21:11530-11551. PNNL-SA-149366. doi:10.1029/2019JD030831
  • Li C., H. Lu, L. Leung, K. Yang, H. Li, W. Wang, and M. Han, et al. 2019. "Improving Land Surface Temperature Simulation in CoLM Over the Tibetan Plateau through Fractional Vegetation Cover Derived from a Remotely Sensed Clumping Index and Model-Simulated Leaf Area Index." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 5:2620-2642. PNNL-SA-143777. doi:10.1029/2018JD028640
  • Liao C., Q. Zhuang, L. Leung, and L. Guo. 2019. "Quantifying Dissolved Organic Carbon Dynamics Using a Three-Dimensional Terrestrial Ecosystem Model at High Spatial-Temporal Resolutions." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 12:4489-4512. PNNL-SA-144727. doi:10.1029/2019MS001792
  • Ma M., Y. Gao, Y. Wang, S. Zhang, L. Leung, C. Liu, and S. Wang, et al. 2019. "Substantial ozone enhancement over the North China Plain from increased biogenic emissions due to heat waves and land cover in summer 2017." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 19:12195–12207. PNNL-SA-149765. doi:10.5194/acp-19-12195-2019
  • Mao Y., T. Zhou, L. Leung, T.K. Tesfa, H. Li, K. Wang, and Z. Tan, et al. 2019. "Flood Inundation Generation Mechanisms and Their Changes in 1953-2004 in Global Major River Basins." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 22:11672-11692. PNNL-SA-147906. doi:10.1029/2019JD031381
  • Perkins W.A., Z. Duan, N. Sun, M.S. Wigmosta, M.C. Richmond, X. Chen, and L. Leung. 2019. "Parallel Distributed Hydrology Soil Vegetation Model (DHSVM) using Global Arrays." Environmental Modelling & Software 122. PNNL-SA-141147. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2019.104533
  • Rasch P.J., S. Xie, P. Ma, W. Lin, H. Wang, Q. Tang, and S.M. Burrows, et al. 2019. "An Overview of the Atmospheric Component of the Energy Exascale Earth System Model." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 8:2377-2411. PNNL-SA-144927. doi:10.1029/2019MS001629
  • Ren H., Z. Hou, M.S. Wigmosta, Y. Liu, and L. Leung. 2019. "Impacts of Spatial Heterogeneity and Temporal Non-Stationarity on Intensity-Duration-Frequency Estimates – A Case Study in a Mountainous California-Nevada Watershed." Water 11, no. 6:Article No. 1296. PNNL-SA-141612. doi:10.3390/w11061296
  • Rutz J.J., C.A. Shields, J.M. Lora, A.E. Payne, B. Guan, P. Ullrich, and T. O'Brien, et al. 2019. "The Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): Quantifying Uncertainties in Atmospheric River Climatology." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 24:13777-13802. PNNL-SA-150854. doi:10.1029/2019JD030936
  • Shields C.A., J.J. Rutz, L. Leung, F.M. Ralph, M.F. Wehner, T.A. O'Brien, and R. Pierce. 2019. "Defining Uncertainties Through Comparison of Atmospheric River Tracking Methods." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 100, no. 2:ES93-ES96. PNNL-SA-138445. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0200.1
  • Song F., Z. Feng, L. Leung, R.A. Houze, J. Wang, J.C. Hardin, and C.R. Homeyer. 2019. "Contrasting spring and summer large-scale environments associated with mesoscale convective systems over the U.S. Great Plains." Journal of Climate 32, no. 20:6749-6767. PNNL-SA-140340. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0839.1
  • Sun N., H. Yan, M.S. Wigmosta, L. Leung, R. Skaggs, and Z. Hou. 2019. "Regional Snow Parameters Estimation for Large-Domain Hydrological Applications in the Western United States." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 10:5296-5313. PNNL-SA-134653. doi:10.1029/2018JD030140
  • Wang P., L. Leung, J. Lu, F. Song, and J. Tang. 2019. "Extreme Wet-Bulb Temperatures in China: The Significant Role of Moisture." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 22:11,944-11,960. PNNL-SA-148736. doi:10.1029/2019JD031477
  • Yan H., N. Sun, M.S. Wigmosta, R. Skaggs, L. Leung, A. Coleman, and Z. Hou. 2019. "Observed Spatiotemporal Changes in the Mechanisms of Extreme Water Available for Runoff in the Western United States." Geophysical Research Letters 46, no. 2:767-775. PNNL-SA-138215. doi:10.1029/2018GL080260
  • Yang B., X. Yang, L. Leung, S. Zhong, Y. Qian, C. Zhao, and F. Chen, et al. 2019. "Modeling the Impacts of Urbanization on Summer Thermal Comfort: The Role of Urban Land Use and Anthropogenic Heat." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 124, no. 13:6681-6697. PNNL-SA-147485. doi:10.1029/2018JD029829
  • Yang B., Y. Zhang, Y. Qian, F. Song, L. Leung, P. Wu, and Z. Guo, et al. 2019. "Better monsoon precipitation in coupled climate models due to bias compensation." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 2, no. 1:43. PNNL-SA-151925. doi:10.1038/s41612-019-0100-x
  • Yang Z., G. Garcia Medina, W. Wu, T. Wang, L. Leung, L. Castrucci, and G. Mauger. 2019. "Modeling Analysis of the Swell and Wind-Sea Climate in the Salish Sea." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 224. PNNL-SA-140307. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2019.04.043
  • Yigzaw W., H. Li, X. Fang, L. Leung, N. Voisin, M.I. Hejazi, and Y. Demissie. 2019. "A Multilayer Reservoir Thermal Stratification Module for Earth System Models." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11, no. 10:3265-3283. PNNL-SA-141532. doi:10.1029/2019MS001632
  • Zhang G., Y. Gao, W. Cai, L. Leung, S. Wang, B. Zhao, and M. Wang, et al. 2019. "Seesaw haze pollution in North China modulated by sub-seasonal variability of atmospheric circulation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 1:565-576. PNNL-SA-139097. doi:10.5194/acp-19-565-2019
  • Zhang J., Y. Gao, L. Leung, K. Luo, H. Liu, J. Lamarque, and J. Fan, et al. 2019. "Impacts of climate change and emissions on atmospheric oxidized nitrogen deposition over East Asia." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 19, no. 2:887-900. PNNL-SA-141420. doi:10.5194/acp-19-887-2019
  • Zhang X., H. Li, Z. Deng, L. Leung, J.R. Skalski, and S.J. Cooke. 2019. "On the Variable Effects of Climate Change on Pacific Salmon." Ecological Modelling 397. PNNL-SA-127221. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2019.02.002
  • Zhao C., M. Xu, Y. Wang, M. Zhang, J. Guo, Z. Hu, and L. Leung, et al. 2019. "Modeling extreme precipitation over East China with a global variable-resolution modeling framework (MPASv5.2): impacts of resolution and physics." Geoscientific Model Development 12, no. 7:2707-2726. PNNL-SA-147378. doi:10.5194/gmd-12-2707-2019

2018

  • Balaguru K., G. Foltz, L. Leung, S.M. Hagos, and D.R. Judi. 2018. "On the use of ocean dynamic temperature for hurricane intensity forecasting." Weather and Forecasting 33, no. 2:411-418. PNNL-SA-129386. doi:10.1175/WAF-D-17-0143.1
  • Balaguru K., G.R. Foltz, and L. Leung. 2018. "Increasing magnitude of hurricane rapid intensification in the central and eastern tropical Atlantic." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 9:4238-4247. PNNL-SA-133854. doi:10.1029/2018GL077597
  • Balaguru K., S. Doney, L. Bianucci, P.J. Rasch, L. Leung, J. Yoon, and I.D. Lima. 2018. "Linking deep convection and phytoplankton blooms in the northern Labrador Sea in a changing climate." PLoS One 13, no. 1:Article No. e0191509. PNNL-SA-131791. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0191509
  • Chen X., L. Leung, Y. Gao, Y. Liu, M.S. Wigmosta, and M.C. Richmond. 2018. "Predictability of Extreme Precipitation in Western U.S. Watersheds Based on Atmospheric River Occurrence, Intensity, and Duration." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 21:11693-11701. PNNL-SA-136740. doi:10.1029/2018GL079831
  • Chen X., O. Pauluis, L. Leung, and F. Zhang. 2018. "Multiscale Atmospheric Overturning of Indian Summer Monsoon as Seen through Isentropic Analysis." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 75, no. 9:3011-3030. PNNL-SA-132704. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-18-0068.1
  • Dong L., L. Leung, and F. Song. 2018. "Future changes of subseasonal precipitation variability in North America during winter under global warming." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 22:12467-12476. PNNL-SA-136949. doi:10.1029/2018GL079900
  • Feng Z., L. Leung, R.A. Houze, S.M. Hagos, J.C. Hardin, Q. Yang, and B. Han, et al. 2018. "Structure and Evolution of Mesoscale Convective Systems: Sensitivity to Cloud Microphysics in Convection-Permitting Simulations over the United States." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 7:1470-1494. PNNL-SA-133754. doi:10.1029/2018MS001305
  • Gao M., H. Li, D. Liu, J. Tang, X. Chen, X. Chen, and G. Bloschl, et al. 2018. "Identifying the Dominant Controls on Macropore Flow Velocity in Soils: A Meta-analysis." Journal of Hydrology 567. PNNL-SA-139024. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.10.044
  • Goldenson N.L., G. Mauger, L. Leung, C.M. Bitz, and A. Rhines. 2018. "Effects of Ensemble Configuration on Estimates of Regional Climate Uncertainties." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 2:926-934. PNNL-SA-131956. doi:10.1002/2017GL076297
  • Goldenson N.L., L. Leung, C.M. Bitz, and E. Blanchard-Wrigglesworth. 2018. "Influence of Atmospheric Rivers on Mountain Snowpack in the Western U.S." Journal of Climate 31, no. 24:9921-9940. PNNL-SA-134592. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0268.1
  • Gross M., H. Wan, P.J. Rasch, P.M. Caldwell, D.L. Williamson, D. Klocke, and C. Jablonowski, et al. 2018. "Physics-Dynamics Coupling in weather, climate and Earth system modesl: Challenges and recent progress." Monthly Weather Review 146, no. 11:3505-3544. PNNL-SA-137579. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0345.1
  • Gross M., H. Wan, P.J. Rasch, P.M. Caldwell, D.L. WIlliamson, D. Klocke, and C. Jablonowski, et al. 2018. "Physics-Dynamics Coupling in Weather, Climate, and Earth System Models: Challenges and Recent Progress." Monthly Weather Review 146, no. 11:3505-3544. PNNL-SA-115484. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-17-0345.1
  • Hagos S.M., L. Leung, C. Zhao, Z. Feng, and K. Sakaguchi. 2018. "How do microphysical processes influence large-scale precipitation variability and extremes?." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 3:1661-1667. PNNL-SA-130576. doi:10.1002/2017GL076375
  • Harrop B.E., J. Lu, F. Liu, O.A. Garuba, and L. Leung. 2018. "Sensitivity of the ITCZ Location to Ocean Forcing via q-flux Green’s Function Experiments." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 23:13116-13123. PNNL-SA-134658. doi:10.1029/2018GL080772
  • Kelly P.J., B.S. Kravitz, J. Lu, and L. Leung. 2018. "Remote drying in the North Atlantic as a common response to precessional changes and CO2 increase over land." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 8:3615-3624. PNNL-SA-131183. doi:10.1002/2017GL076669
  • Kelly P.J., L. Leung, K. Balaguru, W. Xu, B. Mapes, and B.J. Soden. 2018. "Shape of Atlantic tropical cyclone tracks and the Indian monsoon." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 19:10746-10755. PNNL-SA-137428. doi:10.1029/2018GL080098
  • Lu J., D. Xue, Y. Gao, G. Chen, L. Leung, and P.W. Staten. 2018. "Enhanced hydrological extremes in the western United States under global warming through the lens of water vapor wave activity." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 1. PNNL-SA-126188. doi:10.1038/s41612-018-0017-9
  • Peters-Lidard C.D., F. Hossain, L. Leung, N.G. McDowell, M. Rodell, F.J. Tapiador, and F.J. Turk, et al. 2018. "100 Years of Progress in Hydrology." In A Century of Progress in Atmospheric and Related Sciences: Celebrating the American Meteorological Society Centennial. Meteorological Monographs. 25.1-25.51. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-138125. doi:10.1175/AMSMONOGRAPHS-D-18-0019.1
  • Qian Y., H. Wan, B. Yang, J. Golaz, B.E. Harrop, Z. Hou, and V.E. Larson, et al. 2018. "Parametric Sensitivity and Uncertainty Quantification in the Version 1 of E3SM Atmosphere Model Based on Short Perturbed Parameter Ensemble Simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123, no. 23:13046-13073. PNNL-SA-138521. doi:10.1029/2018JD028927
  • Rastogi D., M. Ashfaq, L. Leung, S. Ghosh, A. Saha, K. Hodges, and K. Evans. 2018. "Characteristics of Bay of Bengal Monsoon Depressions in the 21st Century." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 13:6637-6645. PNNL-SA-126414. doi:10.1029/2018GL078756
  • Sakaguchi K., L. Leung, C.D. Burleyson, H. Xiao, and H. Wan. 2018. "Role of Troposphere-Convection-Land Coupling in the Southwestern Amazon Precipitation Bias of the Community Earth System Model version 1 (CESM1)." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123, no. 16:8374-8399. PNNL-SA-134715. doi:10.1029/2018JD028999
  • Sarangi C.N., S.N. Tripathi, Y. Qian, S. Kumar, and L. Leung. 2018. "Aerosol and urban land use effect on rainfall around cities in Indo-Gangetic Basin from observations and cloud resolving model simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 123, no. 7:3645-3667. PNNL-SA-130595. doi:10.1002/2017JD028004
  • Shields C.A., J.J. Rutz, L. Leung, F.M. Ralph, M.F. Wehner, B. Kawzenuk, and J.M. Lora, et al. 2018. "Atmospheric River Tracking Method Intercomparison Project (ARTMIP): project goals and experimental design." Geoscientific Model Development 11, no. 6:2455-2474. PNNL-SA-136055. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-2455-2018
  • Song F., L. Leung, J. Lu, and L. Dong. 2018. "Future Changes in Seasonality of the North Pacific and North Atlantic Subtropical Highs." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 21:11959-11968. PNNL-SA-136261. doi:10.1029/2018GL079940
  • Sullivan R.C., P. Crippa, H. Matsui, L. Leung, C. Zhao, A. Thota, and S. Pryor. 2018. "New particle formation leads to cloud dimming." npj Climate and Atmospheric Science 1, no. 1:9. PNNL-SA-127126. doi:10.1038/s41612-018-0019-7
  • Tan Z., L. Leung, H. Li, and T.K. Tesfa. 2018. "Modeling sediment yield in land surface and Earth system models: Model comparison, development and evaluation." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 10, no. 9:2192-2213. PNNL-SA-133207. doi:10.1029/2017MS001270
  • Taraphdar S., F. Zhang, L. Leung, X. Chen, and O. Pauluis. 2018. "MJO Affects the Monsoon Onset Timing over the Indian Region." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 18:10011-10018. PNNL-SA-135068. doi:10.1029/2018GL078804
  • Wang K., Y. Zhang, X. Zhang, J. Fan, L. Leung, B. Zheng, and Q. Zhang, et al. 2018. "Fine-scale application of WRF-CAM5 during a dust storm episode over East Asia: Sensitivity to grid resolutions and aerosol activation parameterizations." Atmospheric Environment 176. PNNL-SA-135177. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.12.014
  • Xue D., J. Lu, and L. Leung. 2018. "Response of the hydrological cycle in Asian monsoon systems to global warming through the lens of water vapor wave activity analysis." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 21:11904-11912. PNNL-SA-135250. doi:10.1029/2018GL078998
  • Yan H., N. Sun, M.S. Wigmosta, R. Skaggs, Z. Hou, and L. Leung. 2018. "Next-Generation Intensity-Duration-Frequency Curves for Hydrologic Design in Snow-Dominated Environments." Water Resources Research 54, no. 2:1093-1108. PNNL-SA-126849. doi:10.1002/2017WR021290
  • Yigzaw W.Y., H. Li, Y. Demissie, M.I. Hejazi, L. Leung, N. Voisin, and R. Payn. 2018. "A New Global Storage-Area-Depth Data Set for Modeling Reservoirs in Land Surface and Earth System Models." Water Resources Research 54, no. 12:10372-10386. PNNL-SA-140190. doi:10.1029/2017WR022040
  • Zhang K., P.J. Rasch, M. Taylor, H. Wan, L. Leung, P. Ma, and J. Golaz, et al. 2018. "Impact of numerical choices on water conservation in the E3SM Atmosphere Model Version 1 (EAM V1)." Geoscientific Model Development 11, no. 5:1971-1988. PNNL-SA-129738. doi:10.5194/gmd-11-1971-2018
  • Zhang X., H. Li, Z. Deng, C. Ringler, Y. Gao, M.I. Hejazi, and L. Leung. 2018. "Impacts of Climate Change, Policy and Water-Energy-Food Nexus on Hydropower Development." Renewable Energy 116, no. Part A:827-834. PNNL-SA-114680. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.030
  • Zhong S., Y. Qian, C.N. Sarangi, C. Zhao, L. Leung, H. Wang, and H. Yan, et al. 2018. "Urbanization effect on winter haze in the Yangtze River Delta Region of China." Geophysical Research Letters 45, no. 13:6710-6718. PNNL-SA-135418. doi:10.1029/2018GL077239

2017

  • Fang Y., L. Leung, Z. Duan, M.S. Wigmosta, R.M. Maxwell, J.Q. Chambers, and J. Tomasella. 2017. "Influence of landscape heterogeneity on water availability to tropical forests in an Amazonian catchment and implications for modeling drought response." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122, no. 16:8410-8426. PNNL-SA-125270. doi:10.1002/2017JD027066
  • Kassianov E.I., M.S. Pekour, C.J. Flynn, L.K. Berg, J. Beranek, A. Zelenyuk, and C. Zhao, et al. 2017. "Large Contribution of Coarse Mode to Aerosol Microphysical and Optical Properties: Evidence from Ground-based Observations of a Transpacific Dust Outbreak at a High-Elevation North American Site." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 74, no. 5:1431-1443. PNNL-SA-118075. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0256.1
  • Koster R., A.K. Betts, P. Dirmeyer, M. Bierkens, K.E. Bennett, S.J. Dery, and J. Evans, et al. 2017. "Hydroclimatic Variability and Predictability: A Survey of Recent Research." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21, no. 7:3777-3798. PNNL-SA-124827. doi:10.5194/hess-21-3777-2017
  • Yang Q., L. Leung, J. Lu, Y. Lin, S.M. Hagos, K. Sakaguchi, and Y. Gao. 2017. "Exploring the effects of a nonhydrostatic dynamical core in high-resolution aquaplanet simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122, no. 6:3245-3265. PNNL-SA-124394. doi:10.1002/2016JD025287

2016

  • Balaguru K., L. Leung, J. Lu, and G.R. Foltz. 2016. "A meridional dipole in pre-monsoon Bay of Bengal tropical cyclone activity induced by ENSO." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, no. 12:6954-6968. PNNL-SA-113075. doi:10.1002/2016JD024936
  • Li S., L. Xiong, H. Li, L. Leung, and Y. Demissie. 2016. "Attributing runoff changes to climate variability and human activities: Uncertainty analysis using four monthly water balance models." Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment 30, no. 1:251-269. PNNL-SA-104608. doi:10.1007/s00477-015-1083-8

2015

  • Chen G., J. Lu, A.D. Burrows, and L. Leung. 2015. "Local finite-amplitude wave activity as an objective diagnostic of midlatitude extreme weather." Geophysical Research Letters 42, no. 24:10,952-10,960. PNNL-SA-116218. doi:10.1002/2015GL066959
  • Hejazi M.I., N. Voisin, L. Liu, L.M. Bramer, D.C. Fortin, J.E. Hathaway, and M. Huang, et al. 2015. "21st Century United States Emissions Mitigation Could Increase Water Stress more than the Climate Change it is Mitigating." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, no. 34:10635-10640. PNNL-SA-105956. doi:10.1073/pnas.1421675112
  • Lu J., G. Chen, L. Leung, D.A. Burrows, Q. Yang, K. Sakaguchi, and S.M. Hagos. 2015. "Toward the Dynamical Convergence on the Jet Stream in Aquaplanet AGCMs." Journal of Climate 28, no. 17:6763–6782. PNNL-SA-111542. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00761.1

2014

  • Hoerling M., J. Eischeid, A. Kumar, L. Leung, A. Mariotti, K. Mo, and S. Schubert, et al. 2014. "Causes and Predictability of the 2012 Great Plains Drought." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, no. 2:269-282. PNWD-SA-10097. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00055.1

2013

  • Yang B., Y. Qian, G. Lin, L. Leung, P.J. Rasch, G.J. Zhang, and S.A. McFarlane, et al. 2013. "Uncertainty Quantification and Parameter Tuning in the CAM5 Zhang-McFarlane Convection Scheme and Impact of Improved Convection on the Global Circulation and Climate." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, no. 2:395-415. PNNL-SA-88207. doi:10.1029/2012JD018213

2012

  • Yoon J., L. Leung, and J. Correia Jr. 2012. "Comparison of Dynamically and Statistically Downscaled Seasonal Climate Forecasts for the Cold Season over the United States." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117, no. D21:D21109. PNWD-SA-9747. doi:10.1029/2012JD017650

2009

  • Khain A., L. Leung, B.H. Lynn, and S.J. Ghan. 2009. "Effects of aerosols on the dynamics and microphysics of squall lines simulated by spectral bin and bulk parameterization schemes." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 114, no. D22:Article No. D22203. PNWD-SA-8510. doi:10.1029/2009JD011902
  • Qian Y., S.J. Ghan, and L. Leung. 2009. "Downscaling hydroclimatic changes over the Western U.S. Based on CAM subgrid scheme and WRF regional climate simulations." International Journal of Climatology 30, no. 5:675-693. PNWD-SA-8304. doi:10.1002/joc.1928

2008

  • Adhikary B., s. Kulkarni, A. Dallura, Y. Tang, T. Chai, L. Leung, and Y. Qian, et al. 2008. "A regional scale chemical transport modeling of Asian aerosols with data assimilation of AOD observations using optimal interpolation technique." Atmospheric Environment 42, no. 37:8600-8615. PNWD-SA-8119. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.031

2005

  • Leung L. 2005. "Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Mountain Water Resources in the Western U.S." In Global Change and Mountain Regions, Advances in Global Change Research, edited by UM Huber, HKM Bugmann, and MA Reasoner. 355-364. Dordrecht:Springer. PNNL-SA-37388.

2004

  • Easter R.C., S.J. Ghan, Y. Zhang, R.D. Saylor, E.G. Chapman, N.S. Laulainen, and H. Abdul-Razzak, et al. 2004. "MIRAGE: Model Description and Evaluation of Aerosols and Trace Gases." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 109, no. D20:D20210. PNWD-SA-5826. doi:10.1029/2004JD004571
  • Leung L., Y. Qian, X. Bian, W.M. Washington, J. Han, and J.O. Roads. 2004. "Mid-Century Ensemble Regional Climate Change Scenarios for the Western United States." Climatic Change 62, no. 1-3:75-113. PNNL-SA-37362.
  • Wong P.C., H.P. Foote, D.R. Adams, W.E. Cowley, L. Leung, and J.J. Thomas. 2004. "Visualizing Data Streams." In Visual and Spatial Analysis: Advances in Data Mining, Reasoning, and Problem Solving, edited by Boris Kovalerchuk and James Schwing. 265-291. Dordrecht:Springer. PNNL-SA-41466.
  • Wood A.W., L. Leung, V. Sridhar, and D.P. Lettenmaier. 2004. "Hydrologic Implications of Dynamical and Statistical Approaches to Downscaling Climate Model Outputs." Climatic Change 62, no. 1-3:189-216. PNNL-SA-37377.

2003

  • Leung L., and Y. Qian. 2003. "Changes in Seasonal and Extreme Hydrologic Conditions of the Georgia Basin/Puget Sound in an Ensemble Regional Climate Simulation for the Mid-Century." Canadian Water Resources Journal 28, no. 4:605-631. PNNL-SA-41326.
  • Leung L., and Y. Qian. 2003. "The Sensitivity of Precipitation and Snowpack Simulations to Model Resolution via Nesting in Regions of Complex Terrain." Journal of Hydrometeorology 4, no. 6:1025-1043. PNNL-SA-37337.
  • Leung L., L.O. Mearns, F. Giorgi, and R.L. Wilby. 2003. "Regional Climate Research: Needs and Opportunities." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84, no. 1:89-95. PNNL-SA-37372.
  • Leung L., Y. Qian, and X. Bian. 2003. "Hydroclimate of the Western United States Based on Observations and Regional Climate Simulations of 1981-2000. Part I: Seasonal Statistics." Journal of Climate 16, no. 12:1892-1911. PNNL-SA-35915.
  • Leung L., Y. Qian, J. Han, and J.O. Roads. 2003. "Intercomparison of Global Reanalyses and Regional Simulations of Cold Season Water Budgets in the Western United States." Journal of Hydrometeorology 4, no. 6:1067-1087. PNNL-SA-37355.
  • Qian Y., L. Leung, S.J. Ghan, and F. Giorgi. 2003. "Regional Climate Effects of Aerosols Over China: Modeling and Observation." Tellus Series B, Chemical and Physical Meteorology 55, no. 4:914-934. PNNL-SA-37550.

2002

  • Chin G., L. Leung, K.L. Schuchardt, and D.K. Gracio. 2002. "New Paradigms in Problem Solving Environments for Scientific Computing." In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, 39-46. New York, New York:ACM Press. PNNL-SA-35737.
  • Leung L., X. Bian, and Y. Qian. 2002. "Long-Term Regional Climate Simulations Driven by Two Global Reanalyses and a GCM for the Western United States." In 4th International Scientific Conference on Global Energy and Water Cycle, 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, 65-67. Boston, Massachusetts:American Meteorological Society. PNNL-SA-34823.
  • Thomson A.M., R.A. Brown, S.J. Ghan, R.C. Izaurralde, N.J. Rosenberg, and L. Leung. 2002. "Elevation dependence of winter wheat production in eastern Washington state with climate change: A methodological study." Climatic Change 54. PNNL-SA-35094.

2001

  • Ghan S.J., R.C. Easter, E.G. Chapman, H. Abdul-Razzak, H. Abdul-Razzak, Y. Zhang, and L. Leung, et al. 2001. "A Physically Based Estimate of Radiative Forcing by Anthropogenic Sulfate Aerosol." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 106, no. D6:5279-5293. PNWD-SA-5024. doi:10.1029/2000JD900503

2000

  • Wong P.C., H.P. Foote, L. Leung, D.R. Adams, and J.J. Thomas. 2000. "Data Signature and Visualization of Scientific Data Sets." IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 20, no. 2:12-15. PNNL-SA-32343.

1997

  • Ghan S.J., L. Leung, R.C. Easter, and H. Abdul-Razzak. 1997. "Prediction of Cloud Droplet Number in a General Circulation Model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 102, no. D18:21777-21794. PNNL-SA-28994. doi:10.1029/97JD01810

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