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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Donald Baer

Interfacial Sciences & Simulation
Lab Fellow, Team Lead
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-91
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications

2017

  • Baer DR, and V Shutthanandan. 2017. "Nano-objects as biomaterials: immense opportunities, significant challenges and the important use of surface analytical methods." Chapter 3.6 in Comprehensive Biomaterials II: Methods of Analysis, vol. 3, ed. P Ducheyne, et al, pp. 86-107.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.  doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.09285-7
  • Wang Z, Y Zhang, B Liu, K Wu, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, Z Zhu, XY Yu, and F Wang. 2017. "In Situ Mass Spectrometric Monitoring Of The Dynamic Electrochemical Process At The Electrode-Electrolyte Interface: A SIMS Approach." Analytical Chemistry 89(1):960-965.  doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.6b04189

2016

  • Baer DR, K Artyushkova, JE Fulghum, CJ Powell, PM Sherwood, DJ Surman, and JF Watts. 2016. "John Grant and the Multifaceted Nature of True Professionalism." Surface and Interface Analysis 48(5):249-251.  doi:10.1002/sia.6026
  • Baer DR, P Munusamy, and BD Thrall. 2016. "Provenance information as a tool for addressing engineered nanoparticle reproducibility challenges." Biointerphases 11(4):Article No. 04B401.  doi:10.1116/1.4964867
  • Baer DR, YCA Wang, and DG Castner. 2016. "Use of XPS to Quantify Thickness of Coatings on Nanoparticles." Microscopy Today 24(2):40-45. 
  • Baer DR. 2016. "Introduction to Special Issue on Advances and Applications of Surface Analysis Methods." Microscopy Today 24(2):12-15. 
  • Engelhard MH, AI Lyubinetsky, and DR Baer. 2016. "Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) (001) After Sublimation of Arsenic (As) Thin-film Cap, by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 23(2):Article No. 83.  doi:10.1116/1.4962156
  • Wang CM, Z Zhu, MH Engelhard, A Devaraj, and DR Baer. 2016. "Multimodal and in-situ chemical imaging of critical surfaces and interfaces in Li batteries." Microscopy Today 24(2):32-39. 
  • Cartwright MM, SC Schmuck, C Corredor, BB Wang, DK Scoville, C Chisholm, HW Wilkerson, Z Afsharinejad, T Bammler, JD Posner, V Shutthanandan, DR Baer, S Mitra, WA Altemeier, and TJ Kavanagh. 2016. "The pulmonary inflammatory response to multiwalled carbon nanotubes is influenced by gender and glutathione synthesis." Redox Biology 9:264-275.  doi:10.1016/j.redox.2016.08.009
  • Engelhard MH, JN Smith, and DR Baer. 2016. "Gold/silver Core-shell 20 nm Nanoparticles Extracted from Citrate Solution Examined by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 23(1):Article No. 29.  doi:10.1116/1.4953792
  • Luo L, L Zou, DK Schreiber, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, G Zhou, and CM Wang. 2016. "In-Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Surface Oxidation for Ni-10Cr and Ni-20Cr Alloys." Scripta Materialia 114:129-132.  doi:10.1016/j.scriptamat.2015.11.031
  • Luo L, L Zou, DK Schreiber, MJ Olszta, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, G Zhou, and CM Wang. 2016. "In Situ Atomic Scale Visualization Of Surface Kinetics Driven Dynamics Of Oxide Growth On A Ni-Cr Surface." Chemical Communications 52(16):3300-3303.  doi:10.1039/c5cc09165a
  • Wang YCA, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, and DG Castner. 2016. "Quantifying the Impact of Nanoparticle Coatings and Non-uniformities on XPS Analysis: Gold/silver Core-shell Nanoparticles." Analytical Chemistry 88(7):3971 - 3925.  doi:10.1021/acs.analchem.6b00100

2015

  • Wang CM, DK Schreiber, MJ Olszta, DR Baer, and SM Bruemmer. 2015. "Direct In-situ TEM Observation Of Modification Of Oxidation By The Injected Vacancies For Ni-4Al Alloy Using A Microfabricated Nanopost ." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(31):17272-17277.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b04341
  • Holland NA, DP Becak, JH Shanahan, JM Brown, SA Carratt, LS Van Winkle, KE Pinkerton, CM Wang, P Munusamy, DR Baer, SJ Sumner, TR Fennell, RM Lust, and CJ Wingard. 2015. "Cardiac Ischemia Reperfusion Injury Following Instillation of 20 nm Citrate-capped Nanosilver." Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology S6:Article No. 006.  doi:10.4172/2157-7439.S6-006
  • Munusamy P, CM Wang, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, JN Smith, C Liu, VK Kodali, BD Thrall, S Chen, PE Alexandra, and MP Ryan. 2015. "Comparison of 20 nm silver nanoparticles synthesized with and without a gold core: Structure, dissolution in cell culture media, and biological impact on macrophages." Biointerphases 10(3):031003-1 to 031003-16.  doi:10.1116/1.4926547
  • Nel A, WJ Parak, WC Chan, T Xia, MC Hersam, CJ Brinker, JI Zink, KE Pinkerton, DR Baer, and PS Weiss. 2015. "Where Are We Heading in Nanotechnology Environmental Health and Safety and Materials Characterization?" ACS Nano 9(6):5627-5630.  doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b03496
  • Szymanski CJ, P Munusamy, C Mihai, Y Xie, D Hu, MK Gilles, T Tyliszczak, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, and G Orr. 2015. "Shifts in oxidation states of cerium oxide nanoparticles detected inside intact hydrated cells and organelles." Biomaterials 62:147-154.  doi:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.05.042
  • Zhu Z, Y Zhou, P Yan, VRS Vemuri, W Xu, R Zhao, X Wang, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, and CM Wang. 2015. "In-situ Mass Spectrometric Determination of Molecular Structural Evolution at the Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Lithium-Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 15(9):6170-6176.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02479

2014

  • Wang CM, A Genc, H Cheng, L Pullan, DR Baer, and SM Bruemmer. 2014. "In-Situ TEM Visualization Of Vacancy Injection And Chemical Partition During Oxidation Of Ni-Cr Nanoparticles." Scientific Reports 4:Article No. 3683.  doi:10.1038/srep03683
  • Pearce CI, J Liu, DR Baer, O Qafoku, SM Heald, E Arenholz, AE Grosz, JP McKinley, CT Resch, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, and KM Rosso. 2014. "Characterization of natural titanomagnetites (Fe3-xTixO4) for studying heterogeneous electron transfer to Tc(VII) in the Hanford subsurface." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 128:114-127.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.12.010
  • Das S, S Chigurupati, J Dowding, P Munusamy, DR Baer, JF McGinnis, MP Mattson, W Self, and S Seal. 2014. "Therapeutic potential of nanoceria in regenerative medicine." Materials Research Bulletin 39(11):976-983.  doi:10.1557/mrs.2014.221
  • Gu M, X Xiao, G Liu, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, J Liu, ND Browning, and CM Wang. 2014. "Mesoscale Origin of the Enhanced Cycling-Stability of the Si-Conductive Polymer Anode for Li-ion Batteries." Scientific Reports 4:Article No. 3684.  doi:10.1038/srep03684
  • Kumar A, S Das, P Munusamy, W Self, DR Baer, DC Sayle, and S Seal. 2014. "Behavior of nanoceria in biologically-relevant environments." Environmental Science: Nano 1(6):516-532.  doi:10.1039/C4EN00052H

2013

  • Baer DR, BJ Finlayson-Pitts, HC Allen, AK Bertram, VH Grassian, ST Martin, JE Penner, K Prather, PJ Rasch, R Signorell, JN Smith, B Wyslouzil, P Ziemann, D Dabdub, F Furche, S Nizkorodov, DJ Tobias, J Laskin, and A Laskin. 2013. EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop - Atmospheric Aerosol Chemistry, Climate Change, and Air QualityPNNL-22607, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, GE Johnson, J Laskin, J Lai, KT Mueller, P Munusamy, S Thevuthasan, H Wang, NM Washton, AC Elder, BL Baisch, AS Karakoti, SVNT Kuchibhatla, and DW Moon. 2013. "Surface Characterization of Nanomaterials and Nanoparticles: important needs and challenging opportunities." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 31(5):Article No. 050820.  doi:10.1116/1.4818423
  • Baer DR, SE Baker, NM Washton, and BE Linggi. 2013. Status Report on the Development of Research CampaignsPNNL-22924, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Gu M, A Genc, I Belharouak, D Wang, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Nanoscale Phase Separation, Cation Ordering, and Surface Oxygen Chemistry in Pristine Li1.2Ni0.2Mn0.6O2 for Li-Ion Batteries." Chemistry of Materials 25(11):2319-2236.  doi:10.1021/cm4009392
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, J Zheng, H Wu, J Xiao, A Genc, K Amine, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2013. "Formation Of The Spinel Phase In The Layered Composite Cathode Used In Li-Ion Batteries." ACS Nano 7(1):760-767.  doi:10.1021/nn305065u

2012

  • Baer DR. 2012. "Application of Surface Analysis Methods to Nanomaterials: Summaryof ISO/TC 201 Technical Report: ISO 14187:2011 -Surface Chemical Analysis- Characterization of Nanomaterials." Surface and Interface Analysis 44(9):1305-1308.  doi:10.1002/sia.4938
  • Engelhard MH, JA Herman, R Wallace, and DR Baer. 2012. "As-Received, Ozone Cleaned and Ar+ Sputtered Surfaces of Hafnium Oxide Grown by Atomic Layer Deposition and Studied by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 18(1):46-57.  doi:10.1116/11.20100601
  • Szanyi J, M Daturi, G Clet, DR Baer, and CHF Peden. 2012. "Well-studied Cu-BTC still serves surprises: evidence for facile Cu2+/Cu+ interchange." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 14(13):4383-4390.  doi:10.1039/c2cp23708c
  • Wang CM, X Li, Z Wang, W Xu, J Liu, F Gao, L Kovarik, J Zhang, J Howe, DJ Burton, Z Liu, X Xiao, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2012. "In Situ TEM Investigation of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural Evolution of Nanostructured Silicon/Carbon Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12(3):1624-1632.  doi:10.1021/nl204559u
  • Gu M, I Belharouak, A Genc, Z Wang, D Wang, K Amine, F Gao, G Zhou, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, ND Browning, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2012. "Conflicting Roles Of Nickel In Controlling Cathode Performance In Lithium-ion Batteries." Nano Letters 12(10):5186-5191.  doi:10.1021/nl302249v
  • Gu M, Y Li, X Li, SY Hu, X Zhang, W Xu, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, J Zhang, J Liu, and CM Wang. 2012. "In-Situ TEM Study Of Lithiation Behavior Of Silicon Nanoparticles Attached To And Embedded In A Carbon Matrix ." ACS Nano 6(9):8439-8447.  doi:10.1021/nn303312m
  • Karakoti AS, P Munusamy, KE Hostetler, VK Kodali, SVNT Kuchibhatla, G Orr, JG Pounds, JG Teeguarden, BD Thrall, and DR Baer. 2012. "Preparation and Characterization Challenges to Understanding Environmental and Biological Impacts of Ceria Nanoparticles." Surface and Interface Analysis 44(8):881-889.  doi:10.1002/sia.5006
  • Kerber PB, LM Porter, LA McCullough, T Kowalewski, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2012. "Study of Surface Cleaning Methods and Pyrolysis Temperature on Nano-Structured Carbon Films using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 30(6):061407.  doi:10.1116/1.4759238
  • Kuchibhatla SVNT, AS Karakoti, DR Baer, S Samudrala, MH Engelhard, JE Amonette, S Thevuthasan, and S Seal. 2012. "Influence of Aging and Environment on Nanoparticle Chemistry: Implication to Confinement Effects in Nanoceria." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 116(26):14108-14114.  doi:10.1021/jp300725s
  • Munusamy P, SP Sanghavi, P Nachimuthu, DR Baer, and S Thevuthasan. 2012. "Silica-Ceria Hybrid Nanostructures." In MRS Spring Meeting - Symposium YY - Rare-Earth-Based Materials. MRS Conference Proceedings, April 9-13, 2012, San Francisco, California, vol. 1471, Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA.  doi:10.1557/opl.2012.1458

2011

  • Baer DR. 2011. "Summary of ISO/TC 201 Standard: ISO 29081: 2010, Surface Chemical Analysis - Auger Electron Spectroscopy - Reporting of Methods Used for Charge Control and Charge Correction." Surface and Interface Analysis 43(11):1444-1447.  doi:10.1002/sia.3724
  • Baer DR. 2011. "Surface Characterization of Nanoparticles: Critical Needs and Significant Challenges." Journal of Surface Analysis 17(3):163-169. 
  • Engelhard MH, BJ Tarasevich, and DR Baer. 2011. "Beam Damage of HS (CH2)15 COOH Terminated Self Assembled Monolayer (SAM) as Observed by X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 18(1):68-81.  doi:10.1116/11.20080601
  • Wang CM, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, JA Sundararajan, and Y Qiang. 2011. "Microstructure of the Native Oxide Layer on Ni and Cr-doped Ni Nanoparticles." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(10):8488-8497.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2011.4964
  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, J Zhang, LV Saraf, BW Arey, D Choi, Z Yang, J Xiao, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2011. "In Situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Observation of Microstructure and Phase Evolution in a SnO2 Nanowire during Lithium Intercalation." Nano Letters 11(5):1874-1880.  doi:10.1021/nl200272n
  • Ahring BK, NS Baliga, JR Frederickson, S Kaplan, HB Pakrasi, JG Pounds, I shah, S Slater, G Stacey, KJ Auberry, DR Baer, DML Brown, DE Cowley, DW Hoyt, DW Koppenaal, BE Linggi, KT Mueller, G Orr, EW Robinson, RG Teller, HS Wiley, NJ Hess, L Pasa-Tolic, KM Waters, and KD Rodland. 2011. Biological Interactions and Dynamics Science Theme Advisory Panel (BID-STAP)PNNL-20717, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Baer DR, AS Karakoti, P Munusamy, BD Thrall, JG Pounds, JG Teeguarden, JE Amonette, G Orr, PG Tratnyek, and JT Nurmi. 2011. "Testing in EHS: What is the Current Status of Experimentation?" In 11th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO 2011), August 15-18, 2011, Portland, Oregon, pp. 18-19.  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/NANO.2011.6144671
  • Brown GE, A Chaka, DK Shuh, EE Roden, CJ Werth, NJ Hess, AR Felmy, KM Rosso, DR Baer, VL Bailey, ME Bowden, JW Grate, DW Hoyt, LR Kuprat, AS Lea, KT Mueller, M Oostrom, G Orr, L Pasa-Tolic, C Plata, EW Robinson, RG Teller, S Thevuthasan, H Wang, HS Wiley, and MJ Wilkins. 2011. EMSL Geochemistry, Biogeochemistry and Subsurface Science-Science Theme Advisory Panel MeetingPNNL-20601, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Campbell CT, AK Datye, GA Henkelman, RF Lobo, WF Schneider, LD Spicer, WT Tysoe, JM Vohs, DR Baer, DW Hoyt, S Thevuthasan, KT Mueller, CM Wang, NM Washton, I Lyubinetsky, RG Teller, A Andersen, N Govind, K Kowalski, BC Kabius, H Wang, AA Campbell, WA Shelton, EJ Bylaska, CHF Peden, Y Wang, DL King, MA Henderson, RJ Rousseau, J Szanyi, Z Dohnalek, D Mei, BC Garrett, D Ray, JH Futrell, J Laskin, DL DuBois, LR Kuprat, and C Plata. 2011. EMSL and Institute for Integrated Catalysis (IIC) Catalysis WorkshopPNNL-20426, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Hess NJ, M Oostrom, MA Celia, M Hilpert, Q Kang, LJ Pyrak-Nolte, TD Scheibe, AM Tartakovsky, CJ Werth, D Wildenschild, C Zhang, SE Bialkowski, TA Ghezzehei, G Tang, F Doster, J Kumar, R Parashar, R Gerlach, H Yoon, GD Redden, T Zhang, H Huang, J Nogues, W Deng, H Resat, KA Rod, DR Baer, RT Kelly, W Um, G Wang, MC Richmond, DR Rector, ML Stewart, HB Jung, and C Plata. 2011. EMSL Pore Scale Modeling Challenge/WorkshopPNNL-21086, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Moore K, B Forsberg, DR Baer, WA Arnold, and RL Penn. 2011. "Zero Valent Iron: Impact of Anions Present during Synthesis on Subsequent Nanoparticle Reactivity." Journal of Environmental Engineering (ASCE) 137(10):889-896.  doi:10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000407
  • Nurmi J, V Sarathy, PG Tratnyek, DR Baer, JE Amonette, and AJ Karkamkar. 2011. "Recovery of Iron/Iron Oxide Nanoparticles from Solution: Comparison of Methods and their Effects." Journal of Nanoparticle Research 13(5):1937-1952.  doi:10.1007/s11051-010-9946-x
  • Techane SD, DR Baer, and DG Castner. 2011. "Simulation and Modeling of Self-Assembled Monolayers of Carboxylic Acid Thiols on Flat and Nanoparticle Gold Surfaces." Analytical Chemistry 83(17):6704-6712.  doi:10.1021/ac201175a
  • Tratnyek PG, A Salter-Blanc, J Nurmi, JE Amonette, J Liu, CM Wang, A Dohnalkova, and DR Baer. 2011. "Reactivity of Zerovalent Metals in Aquatic Media: Effects of Organic Surface Coatings." Chapter 18 in Aquatic Redox Chemistry. ACS Symposium Series, vol. 1071, ed. PG Tratnyek, TJ Grundl and SB Haderlein, pp. 381-406.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 

2010

  • Baer DR, and S Thevuthasan. 2010. "Characterization of Thin Films and Coatings." Chapter 16 in Handbook of Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings, ed. PM Martin, pp. 749-864.  Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands. 
  • Baer DR, DJ Gaspar, P Nachimuthu, SD Techane, and DG Castner. 2010. "Application of Surface Chemical Analysis Tools for Characterization of Nanoparticles." Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 396(3):983-1002. 
  • Wang CM, W Xu, J Liu, D Choi, BW Arey, LV Saraf, J Zhang, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, and N Salmon. 2010. "In-situ Transmission Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy Studies of Interfaces in Li-ion Batteries: Challenges and Opportunities." Journal of Materials Research 25(8):1541-1547.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2010.0198
  • Baer DR, AS Lea, J Geller, JS Hammond, L Kover, CJ Powell, MP Seah, M Suzuki, JW Watts, and J Wolstenholme. 2010. "Approaches to analyzing insulators with Auger Electron Spectroscopy: Update and Overview." Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 176(1-3, SP ISS):80-94. 
  • Baer DR, AE Grosz, ES Ilton, KM Krupka, J Liu, RL Penn, and A Pepin. 2010. "Separation, Characterization and Initial Reaction Studies of Magnetite Particles from Hanford Sediments." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35(6-8):233-241.  doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.04.010
  • Baer DR, AE Grosz, ES Ilton, KM Krupka, J Liu, RL Penn, and A Pepin. 2010. "Separation, Characterization and Initial Reaction Studies of Magnetite Particles from Hanford Sediments." Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35(6-8):233-241.  doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.04.010
  • Baer DR, and MH Engelhard. 2010. "XPS Analysis of Nanostructured Materials and Biological Surfaces." Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 178-179:415-432.  doi:10.1016/j.elspec.2009.09.003
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, AS Lea, P Nachimuthu, TC Droubay, J Kim, B Lee, C Mathews, RL Opila, LV Saraf, WF Stickle, R Wallace, and BS Wright. 2010. "Comparison of the Sputter Rates of Oxide Films Relative to the Sputter Rate of SiO2." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 28(5):1060-1072.  doi:10.1116/1.3456123
  • Chun CL, DR Baer, DW Matson, JE Amonette, and RL Penn. 2010. "Characterization and Reactivity of Iron Nanoparticles Prepared with Added Cu, Pd, and Ni." Environmental Science & Technology 44(13):5079-5085. 
  • Lea AS, KR Swanson, JN Haack, JE Castle, SM Tougaard, and DR Baer. 2010. "An Application for Near Real-time Analysis of XPS Data." Surface and Interface Analysis 42(6-7):1061-1065.  doi:10.1002/sia.3304
  • Saraf LV, DR Baer, AS Lea, Z Zhu, JJ Strohm, SD Sitzman, and DL King. 2010. "Bulk Migration of Ni/NiO in Ni-YSZ during Reducing Conditions." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 157(4):B463-B469.  doi:10.1149/1.3298442
  • Saraf LV, P Nachimuthu, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2010. "Stabilization of ZnMnO3 Phase from Sol-gel Synthesized Nitrate Precursors ." Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology 53(2):141-147.  doi:10.1007/s10971-009-2067-2
  • Suzer S, DR Baer, and MH Engelhard. 2010. "Analysis of Fe Nanoparticles Using XPS Measurements Under D.C. or Pulsed-Voltage Bias." Surface and Interface Analysis 42(6-7):859-862.  doi:10.1002/sia.3260

2009

  • Baer DR, PG Tratnyek, JE Amonette, CL Chun, P Nachimuthu, J Nurmi, RL Penn, DW Matson, JC Linehan, Y Qiang, and A Sharma. 2009. "Tuning the Properties of Iron Nanoparticles: Doping Effects on Reactivity and Aging." In International Perspectives on Environmental Nanotechnology: Applications and Implications, vol. 1, no. EPA 905/R-09/032, pp. 73-78.  Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC. 
  • Wang CM, DR Baer, JE Amonette, MH Engelhard, J Antony, and Y Qiang. 2009. "Morphology and Electronic Structure of the Oxide Shell on the Surface of Iron Nanoparticles." Journal of the American Chemical Society 131(25):8824-8832.  doi:10.1021/ja900353f
  • Wang CM, Z Yang, S Thevuthasan, J Liu, DR Baer, D Choi, D Wang, J Zhang, LV Saraf, and Z Nie. 2009. "Crystal and Electronic Structure of Lithiated Nanosized RutileTiO2 by Electron Diffraction and Electron Energy-loss Spectroscopy." Applied Physics Letters 94(23):Art. No.: 233116.  doi:10.1063/1.3152783
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, AR Felmy, JJ Ford, JZ Hu, AS Lea, P Nachimuthu, LV Saraf, JA Sears, Jr, and S Thevuthasan. 2009. "New Approaches for Characterizing Sensor and Other Modern Complex Materials." ECS Transactions 19(6):137-148.  doi:10.1149/1.3118546
  • Tratnyek PG, V Sarathy, J Nurmi, DR Baer, JE Amonette, CL Chun, RL Penn, and EJ Reardon. 2009. "Aging of Iron Nanoparticles in Water: Effects on Structure and Reactivity." In International Perspectives on Environmental Nanotechnology: Applications and Implications; EPA 905/R-09/032, vol. 2, pp. 193-196.  Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. 

2008

  • Baer DR, JE Amonette, MH Engelhard, DJ Gaspar, AS Karakoti, SVNT Kuchibhatla, P Nachimuthu, J Nurmi, Y Qiang, V Sarathy, S Seal, AM Sharma, PG Tratnyek, and CM Wang. 2008. "Characterization Challenges for Nanomaterials." Surface and Interface Analysis 40(3-4):529-537.  doi:10.1002/sia.2726
  • Bera D, SVNT Kuchibhatla, S Azad, LV Saraf, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, P Nachimuthu, DE Mccready, MH Engelhard, OA Marina, DR Baer, S Seal, and S Thevuthasan. 2008. "Growth and characterization of highly oriented gadolinia-doped ceria (111) thin films on zirconia (111)/sapphire (0001) substrates." Thin Solid Films 516(18):6088-6094.  doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2007.11.007
  • Groves JF, Y Du, I Lyubinetsky, and DR Baer. 2008. "Focused ion beam directed self-assembly (Cu2O on SrTiO3 ): FIB pit and Cu2O nanodot evolution." Superlattices and Microstructures 44(4-5):677-685.  doi:10.1016/j.spmi.2008.01.016
  • Karakoti AS, SVNT Kuchibhatla, DR Baer, S Thevuthasan, DC Sayle, and S Seal. 2008. "Self-Assembly of Cerium Oxide Nanostructures in Ice Molds." Small 4(8):1210-1216.  doi:10.1002/smll.200800219
  • Saheb AH, JA Smith, MA Josowicz, J Janata, DR Baer, and MH Engelhard. 2008. "Controlling Size of Gold Clusters in Polyaniline from Top-Down and from Bottom-Up." Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 621(2):238-244.  doi:10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.11.025
  • Sarathy V, PG Tratnyek, J Nurmi, DR Baer, JE Amonette, CL Chun, RL Penn, and EJ Reardon. 2008. "Aging of Iron Nanoparticles in Aqueous Solution: Effects on Structure and Reactivity." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112(7):2286-2293.  doi:10.1021/jp0777418
  • Sharma AM, Y Qiang, DR Meyer, R Souza, A Mcconnaughoy, L Muldoon, and DR Baer. 2008. "Biocompatible core-shell magnetic nanoparticles for cancer treatment." Journal of Applied Physics 103(7):Art. No.07A308.  doi:10.1063/1.2831791

2007

  • Baer DR. 2007. "Improving Surface Analysis Methods for Characterization of Advanced Materials by development of standards, reference data, and interlaboratory comparisons." Surface and Interface Analysis 39(4):283-293.  doi:10.1002/sia.2508
  • Wang CM, DR Baer, JE Amonette, MH Engelhard, JS Anthony, and Y Qiang. 2007. "Electron Beam Induced Thickening of the Protective Oxide Layer around Fe Nanoparticles ." Ultramicroscopy 108(1):43-51.  doi:10.1016/j.ultramic.2007.03.002
  • Wang CM, DR Baer, JE Amonette, MH Engelhard, Y Qiang, and J Antony. 2007. "Morphology and Oxide Shell Structure of Iron Nanoparticles Grown by Sputter-Gas-Aggregation." Nanotechnology 18(25):Art. No. 255603.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/25/255603
  • Baer DR, PG Tratnyek, Y Qiang, JE Amonette, JC Linehan, V Sarathy, JT Nurmi, CM Wang, and J Antony. 2007. "Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles." Chapter 3 in Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents and Sensors, ed. GE Fryxell and G Cao, pp. 49-86.  Imperial College Press, London, United Kingdom. 
  • Gaspar D, and DR Baer. 2007. "Thoughts on Prospects for New Characterization Tools." Chapter paper 27 in Productive Nanosystems; a Technology Roadmap: Part 3 Proceedings of the Roadmap Working Group.  Foresight Nanotech Institute, n/a. 
  • Saraf LV, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, AS Lea, DE McCready, V Shutthanandan, DR Baer, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6 tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor." Journal of Materials Research 22(5):1230-1234.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2007.0146
  • Saraf LV, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, AS Lea, DE McCready, V Shutthanandan, DR Baer, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of carbon-free ZnO using the bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)zinc precursor." Journal of Materials Research 22(5):1230-1234.  doi:10.1557/JMR.2007.0146
  • Saraf LV, MH Engelhard, P Nachimuthu, V Shutthanandan, CM Wang, SM Heald, DE McCready, AS Lea, DR Baer, and SA Chambers. 2007. "Nucleation and Growth of MOCVD Grown (Cr, Zn)O Films - Uniform Doping vs. Secondary Phase Formation." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 154(3):D134-D138.  doi:10.1149/1.2424422
  • Windisch CF, Jr, DR Baer, RH Jones, and MH Engelhard. 2007. "Electrochemical Effects of S Accumulation on Ion-implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions." Corrosion Science 49(6):2497-2511.  doi:10.1016/j.corsci.2006.12.003

2006

  • Antony J, J Nutting, DR Baer, and Y Qiang. 2006. "Nanoporous and nanostructured materials made out of clusters for environmental applications." In Nanoporous and Nanostructured Materials for Catalysis, Sensor, and Gas Separation Applications. 2005 Spring Meeting Proceedings of the Materials Research Symposium, vol. 876E, pp. R10.4.1-4.6.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Antony J, J Nutting, DR Baer, D Meyer, AM Sharma, and Y Qiang. 2006. "Size dependent specific surface area of nanoporous film assembled by core-shell iron nanoclusters." Journal of Nanomaterials 2006(Special Issue 2):Art. No. 54961.  doi:10.1155/JNM/2006/54961
  • Antony J, Y Qiang, DR Baer, and CM Wang. 2006. "Synthesis and Characterization of Stable Iron-Iron Oxide Core-Shell Nanoclusters for Environmental Applications." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6(2):568-572.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2006.074
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, AS Lea, and KH Pecher. 2006. "The Challenges and Opportunities of Measuring Properties of Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Materials: Importance of a Multi-Technique Approach." In 2006 TAPPI International Conference on Nanotechnology : April 26-28, 2006, Atlanta, Georgia.  TAPPI, Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry, Norcross, GA. 
  • Du Y, JF Groves, I Lyubinetsky, and DR Baer. 2006. "Formation of Cu2O Quantum Dots on SrTiO3 (100): Self-Assembly and Directed Self-Assembly." Journal of Applied Physics 100(9):Art. No. 094315.  doi:10.1063/1.2364038
  • Felmy AR, DR Baer, JK Fredrickson, RE Gephart, and KM Rosso. 2006. The Development of New User Research Capabilities in Environmental Molecular Science: Workshop Report PNNL-16054, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Ohuchi FS, S Ghose, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2006. "Chemical bonding and electronic structures of the Al2SiO5 polymorphs, andalusite, sillimanite, and kyanite: X-ray photoelectron- and electron energy loss spectroscopy studies." American Mineralogist 91(5-6):740-746.  doi:10.2138/am.2006.1887
  • Ou FS, LV Saraf, and DR Baer. 2006. "Patterned Regions of Porous Silicon through Trapped Hydrogen Bubbles." Applied Physics Letters 88(14):143113 (3 pages).  doi:10.1063/1.2188039

2005

  • Baer DR, and C Campbell. 2005. Joint Institute for Nanoscience Annual Report 2004PNNL-15353, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Baer DR. 2005. "Summary of ISO/TC 201 Standard: XVIII, ISO 19318: 2004 - Surface Chemical Analysis - X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy - Reporting of Methods Used for Charge Control and Charge Correction." Surface and Interface Analysis 37(5):524-526. 
  • Baer DR. 2005. "Summary: Update to ASTM Guide E 1523 to Charge Control and Charge Referencing Techniques in X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 23(3):577-578. 
  • Lyubinetsky I, AS Lea, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2005. "Formation of Epitaxial Oxide Nanodots on Oxide Substrate: Cu2O on SrTiO3(100)." Surface Science 589(1-3):120-128. 
  • Wang CM, DR Baer, LE Thomas, JE Amonette, J Anthony, Y Qiang, and G Duscher. 2005. "Void Formation during Early Stages of Passivation: Initial Oxidation of Iron Nanoparticles at Room Temperature." Journal of Applied Physics 98(9):094308(7).  doi:10.1063/1.2130890
  • Wang CM, Y Zhang, V Shutthanandan, DR Baer, WJ Weber, LE Thomas, S Thevuthasan, and G Duscher. 2005. "Self-assembling of nanocavities in TiO2 dispersed with Au nanoclusters." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 72(24):245421, 1-5.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.72.245421
  • Antony J, J Nutting, DR Baer, and Y Qiang. 2005. "Nanoporous and Nanostructured Materials Made Out of Clusters for Environmental Applications." In Nanoporous and Nanostructured Materials for Catalysis, Sensor, and Gas Separation Applications. 2005 Spring Meeting. Proceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, vol. 876E, ed. SW Lu, H Hahn, J Weissmuller, and JL Gole, pp. R10.4.1-4.6.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, AS Lea, and LV Saraf. 2005. "Simple Method for Estimating and Comparing of X-Ray Damage Rates." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 23(6):1740-1744.  doi:10.1116/1.2073387
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, DJ Gaspar, DW Matson, KH Pecher, JR Williams, and CM Wang. 2005. "Challenges in Applying Surface Analysis Methods to Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Materials." Journal of Surface Analysis 12(2):101-108. 
  • Cai M, SC Langford, T Dickinson, WM Huang, Q He, TC Droubay, and DR Baer. 2005. "Study of Martensitic Transformation in a CuZnAl Shape Memory Alloy using Photoemission." In Proceedings of the International Conference on Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics (ICMEM2005) , ed. RC Batra and L Qian, pp. 1123-1127.  Science Press, Monmouth Junction, NJ. 
  • Gaspar DJ, MH Engelhard, MC Henry, and DR Baer. 2005. "Erosion Rate Variations during XPS Sputter Depth Profiling of Nanoporous Films." Surface and Interface Analysis 37(4):417-423. 
  • Jones RH, DR Baer, CF Windisch, Jr, and RB Rebak. 2005. "Corrosion Enhanced Enrichment of Sulfur and Implications for Alloy 22 ." In Corrosion 2006: 61st Annual Conference and Exposition, pp. 06621-06622.  NACE International, Houston, TX. 
  • Nurmi JT, PG Tratnyek, V Sarathy, DR Baer, JE Amonette, KH Pecher, CM Wang, JC Linehan, DW Matson, RL Penn, and MD Driessen. 2005. "Characterization and Properties of Metallic Iron Nanoparticles: Spectroscopy, Electrochemistry, and Kinetics." Environmental Science and Technology 39(5):1221-1230. 
  • Ou FS, LV Saraf, and DR Baer. 2005. "Site-specific Formation of Nanoporous Silicon on Micro-fabricated Silicon Surfaces." In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings: Symposium on Progress in Compound Semiconductor Materials IV, November 29 - December 3, 2004, Boston, MA, vol. 829, pp. 455-459.  Material Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Saraf LV, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, Y Zhang, OA Marina, DR Baer, S Thevuthasan, P Nachimuthu, and DW Lindle. 2005. "Oxygen Transport Studies in Nanocrystalline Ceria Films." Journal of Materials Research 20(5):1295-1299. 
  • Saraf LV, DR Baer, Z Wang, JS Young, MH Engelhard, and S Thevuthasan. 2005. "Hydrogen Bubbles and Formation of Nanoporous Silicon during Electrochemical Etching." Surface and Interface Analysis 37(6):555-561. 
  • Smith JA, MA Josowicz, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, and J Janata. 2005. "Gold-polyaniline composites: Part II. Effects of nanometer sized particles." Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP 7(20):3619-3625. 
  • Windisch CF, Jr, DR Baer, RH Jones, and MH Engelhard. 2005. Final Report for the Study on S-Implanted Alloy 22 in 1 M NaCl Solutions PNNL-15380, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2004

  • Baer DR, and C Campbell. 2004. Joint Institute for Nanoscience Annual Report 2003PNNL-14579, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lyubinetsky I, A El-Azab, AS Lea, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2004. "Initial Stages of Oxide Nanodot Heteroepitaxial Growth: Cu2O on SrTiO3(100)." Applied Physics Letters 85(19):4481-4483. 
  • Lyubinetsky I, S Thevuthasan, DE McCready, and DR Baer. 2004. "Formation of Single-Phase Oxide Nanoclusters: Cu2O on SrTiO3(100)." Journal of Applied Physics 94:7926. 
  • Wang CM, V Shutthanandan, Y Zhang, DR Baer, LE Thomas, and S Thevuthasan. 2004. "Microstructure of Precipitated Au Nanoclusters in TiO2." In Continuous Nanophase and Nanostructured Materials. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 2003 Dec : Boston, Mass., vol. 788, ed. S. Komarneni, J.C. Parker, J. J. Watkins, pp. 249-254.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale. 
  • Wang CM, V Shutthanandan, Y Zhang, LE Thomas, DR Baer, S Thevuthasan, and G Duscher. 2004. "Precipitation of Au Nanoclusters in SrTiO3 by Ion Implantation." Journal of Applied Physics 95(9):5060-5068. 
  • Du Y, S Atha, R Hull, JF Groves, I Lyubinetsky, and DR Baer. 2004. "Focused-Ion-Beam Directed Self-Assembly of Cu2O Islands on SrTiO3(100)." Applied Physics Letters 84(25):5213-5215. 
  • Du Y, S Atha, R Hull, JF Groves, I Lyubinetsky, and DR Baer. 2004. "Guided Control of Cu2O Nanodot Self-Assembly on SrTiO3 (100)." In Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings, vol. 811, pp. 451-456.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Saraf LV, JS Young, AS Lea, S Thevuthasan, GC Dunham, JW Grate, and DR Baer. 2004. "Lateral Ordering of Microfabricated SiO2 Nanotips." Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 7(1):C7-C9. 
  • Saraf LV, V Shutthanandan, Y Zhang, S Thevuthasan, CM Wang, A El-Azab, and DR Baer. 2004. "Distinguishibility of Oxygen Desorption From the Surface Region with Mobility Dominant Effects in Nanocrystalline Ceria Films." Journal of Applied Physics 96(10):5756-5760 . 
  • Williford RE, DR Baer, JE Amonette, and AS Lea. 2004. "Dissolution and Growth of (10(1) over-bar4) Calcite in Flowing Water: Estimation of Back Reaction Rates via Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations." Journal of Crystal Growth 262(1-4):503-518. 

2003

  • Baer DR, PE Burrows, and A El-Azab. 2003. "Enhancing Coating Functionality Using Nanoscience and Nanotechnology." Progress in Organic Coatings 47:342-356. 
  • Baer DR. 2003. "Sharpening our Understanding but Blurring the Boundaries: Dynamic Observations of Surface Reconstruction ." Surface Science 540(2-3):153-156. 
  • Engelhard MH, A Krishna, PB Kulkarni, CYM Lee, and DR Baer. 2003. "Beam Damage of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) [PVC] Film as Observed by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 10(101):57-66. 
  • Lea AS, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2003. "Electron Beam Damage in Poly(Vinyl Chloride) and Poly(Acrylonitrile) as Observed by Auger Electron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 10:67-79. 
  • Lea AS, TT Hurt, A El-Azab, JE Amonette, and DR Baer. 2003. "Heteroepitaxial Growth of a Manganese Carbonate secondary Nano-Phase on the (101_4) Surface of Calcite in Solution." Surface Science 524(1-3):63-77. 
  • Baer DR, DJ Gaspar, MH Engelhard, and AS Lea. 2003. "Beam Effects During AES and XPS Analysis." Chapter 9 in Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy.  IM Publications, Chichester, United Kingdom. 
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, AS Lea, and DJ Gaspar. 2003. "Appendix F: Comparing Beam Damage Rates Using Susceptibility Tables." In Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, ed. D. Briggs and J.T. Grant, pp. 845-856.  SurfaceSpectra Ltd. & IM Publications, Manchester, United Kingdom. 
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, and AS Lea. 2003. "Introduction to Surface Science Spectra Data on Electron and X-ray Damage: Sample Degradation during XPS and AES Measurements." Surface Science Spectra 10(1-4):47-56. 
  • Engelhard MH, DR Baer, and AS Lea. 2003. "Beam damage of poly(2-chloroethyl methylacrylate) [PCEMA] films as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 143 K, 303 K, and 373 K." Surface Science Spectra 10:80-100. 
  • Engelhard MH, DR Baer, and AS Lea. 2003. "Beam damage of poly(vinyl chloride) [PVC] as observed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 143 K, 303 K and 373 K." Surface Science Spectra 10:101-116. 
  • Nachimuthu P, S Thevuthasan, YJ Kim, AS Lea, V Shutthanandan, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, SA Chambers, DK Shuh, D Lindle, EM Gullikson, and RC Perera. 2003. "Investigation of Copper(I) Oxide Quantum Dots by Near-Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy." Chemistry of Materials 20(15):3939-3946. 
  • Saraf LV, CM Wang, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2003. "Temperature-Induced Phase Separation in Chromium Films." Applied Physics Letters 82(14):2230-2232. 

2002

  • Shutthanandan V, DR Baer, S Thevuthasan, EM Adams, S Maheswaran, MH Engelhard, JP Icenhower, and BP McGrail. 2002. "High Energy Ion Beam Studies of Ion Exchange in a Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2 Glass." Journal of Applied Physics 91(4):1910-1920. 
  • Baer DR, CF Windisch, Jr, MH Engelhard, and K Zavadil. 2002. "Practical Aspects of Charging Phenomena in XPS as demonstrated in Oxidized-Al Films on Al and Al Alloys." Journal of Surface Analysis 9(3):396-403. 
  • Baer DR, MH Engelhard, DJ Gaspar, AS Lea, and CF Windisch, Jr. 2002. "Use and Limitations of Electron Flood Gun Control of Surface Potential During XPS: Two Non-homogeneous Sample Types." Surface and Interface Analysis 33:781-790. 
  • Baer DR, Y Liang, AS Lea, JE Amonette, and NG Colton. 2002. "Scanning Force Microscopy Measurements of Dissolution and Growth Processes: CaCO3 Examples." In State-of-the-Art Applications of Surface and Interface Analysis Methods to Environmental Material Interactions: In Honor of James E. Castle's 65th Year, vol. 2001-5, ed. D.R. Baer, C.R. Clayton, G.D. Davis, et. al., pp. 139-148.  The Electrochemical Society, Inc., Pennington, NJ. 
  • Bunker BC, GC Nelson, K Zavadil, JC Barbour, FD Wall, JP Sullivan, CF Windisch, Jr, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2002. "Hydration of Passive Oxide Films on Aluminum." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106(18):4705-4713. 
  • Gaspar DJ, AS Lea, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, R Miehr, and PG Tratnyek. 2002. "Evidence for Localization of Reaction Upon Reduction of Carbon Tetrachloride by Granular Iron." Langmuir 18(20):7688-7693. 
  • Lea AS, JE Amonette, AA El-Azab, DR Baer, SM Heald, and NG Colton. 2002. "Manganese at Calcite Surfaces: Molecular-Scale Studies of Dissolution and Heteroepitaxy." In Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society, April 7-11, 2002, Orlando, FL, vol. 223, p. U605.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 
  • Nelson AJ, TW Van Buuren, C Bostedt, KI Schaffers, LJ Terminello, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2002. "Electronic Structure of Ytterbium-Doped Strontium Fluoroapatite: Photoemission and Photoabsorption Investigation ." Journal of Applied Physics 91(8):5135-5140. 
  • Rouse AA, C Szeles, JO Ndap, S Soldner, KB Parnham, DJ Gaspar, MH Engelhard, AS Lea, V Shutthanandan, S Thevuthasan, and DR Baer. 2002. "Interfacial Chemistry and the Performance of Bromine-etched CdZnTe Radiation Detector Devices." IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 49(4):2005-2009. 
  • Sass BM, N Gupta, JA Ickes, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, P Bergman, and C Byrer. 2002. "Interaction of Rock Minerals with Carbon Dioxide and Brine: A Hydrothermal Investigation." In Proceedings of the first annual conference on carbon sequestration, ed. Edward J. Boyle, pp. 23-31 (9 pp).  National Energy Technology Laboratory, Morgantown, WV. 
  • Shutthanandan V, S Thevuthasan, RS Disselkamp, AM Stroud, AS Cavanagh, EM Adams, DR Baer, LA Barrie, SS Cliff, and TA Cahill. 2002. "Development of PIXE, PESA and Transmission Ion Microscopy Capability to Measure Aerosols by Size and Time." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 189:284-288. 
  • Vance AL, TM Willey, AJ Nelson, T Van Buren, C Bostedt, LJ Terminello, GA Fox, MH Engelhard, and DR Baer. 2002. "XAS and XPS Characterization of Monolayers Derived from a Dithiol and Structurally Related Disulfide-Containing Polyamides." Langmuir 18(21):8123-8128. 
  • Windisch CF, Jr, DR Baer, MH Engelhard, MJ Danielson, and RH Jones. 2002. "Effects of Mg And Cu on Al Corrosion In Alkaline Solutions." In State-of-the-Art Application of Surface and Interface Analysis Methods to Environmental Material Interactions: In Honor of James E. Castle's 65th Year, vol. 2001-5, ed. D.R. Baer; C.R. Clayton; G.D. Davis; G.P. Halada, pp. 251-260.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 

2001

  • Baer DR. 2001. "Through a Glass Dimly: A Look at Environmentally-Related Changes in the National Research Agenda and Their Impact on Solving Problems." In The Global Climate Change: a Coordinated Response by Electrochemistry and Solid-State Science and Technology, Proceedings of the First International Symposium , ed. A Wieckowski and EW Brooman, pp. 254-273.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Shutthanandan V, S Thevuthasan, DR Baer, EM Adams, S Maheswaran, MH Engelhard, JP Icenhower, and BP McGrail. 2001. "Investigation of Alkali Ion Exchange Processes in Waste Glasses Using Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry and Nuclear Reaction Analysis." In Applications of Accelerators in Research and Industry: sixteenth international conference, Denton, Texas, 1-5 November 2000, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 576, ed. J. L. Duggan and I.L. Morgan, pp. 454-457.  American Institute of Physics, New York, NY. 
  • Gan S, Y Liang, DR Baer, MR Sievers, GS Herman, and CHF Peden. 2001. "Effect of Platinum Nanocluster Size and Titania Surface Structure upon CO Surface Chemistry on Platinum-Supported TiO2 (110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 105(12):2412-2416. 
  • Gan S, Y Liang, and DR Baer. 2001. "Effects of titania surface structure on the nucleation and growth of Pt nanoclusters on rutile TiO2(110)." Surface Science 475(1-3):159-170. 
  • Gan S, Y Liang, and DR Baer. 2001. "The interplay between step anisotropy and surface phase transformation on TiO2(110)." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 63(12):1401. 
  • Jones RH, DR Baer, MJ Danielson, and JS Vetrano. 2001. "Role of Magnesium in the Stress Corrosion Cracking of an Al-Mg Alloy ." Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science 32A:1699. 
  • Jones RH, DR Baer, MJ Danielson, and JS Vetrano. 2001. "Role of Mg in the Stress Corrosion Cracking of an Al-Mg Alloy." Materials Science and Engineering. A. Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing 32(7):1699-1711. 
  • Jones RH, DR Baer, MJ Danielson, CF Windisch, Jr, and JS Vetrano. 2001. "Interactions of Crack-Tips with Electrochemically Active Particles." In Corrosion and corrosion prevention of low density metals and alloys, Electrochemical Society Proceedings Volume, vol. 2000-23, ed. BA Shaw, RG Buchheit, JP Moran, pp. 322-333.  Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Jones RH, DR Baer, MJ Danielson, JS Vetrano, and CF Windisch, Jr. 2001. "Crack-Tip Interactions With Electrochemically Active Particles." In Chemistry and Electrochemistry of Corrosion and Stress Corrosion Cracking : a Symposium Honoring the Contributions of R.W. Staehle : Proceedings of Symposium , pp. 583-596.  TMS , Warrendale, PA. 
  • Lea AS, JE Amonette, DR Baer, Y Liang, and NG Colton. 2001. "Microscopic Effects of Carbonate, Manganese, and Strontium ions on Calcite Dissolution." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65 (3):369-379. 
  • McGrail BP, JP Icenhower, DK Shuh, P Liu, JG Darab, DR Baer, S Thevuthasan, V Shutthanandan, MH Engelhard, CH Booth, and P Nachimuthu. 2001. "The Structure of Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2 Glass: Impact on Sodium Ion Exchange in H2O and D2O." Journal of Non-crystalline Solids 296:10-26. 
  • Paparazzo E, AS Lea, DR Baer, and JP Northover. 2001. "Scanning Auger Microscopy Studies of an Ancient Bronze." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 19(4 PT 1):1126-1133. 
  • Windisch CF, Jr, DR Baer, MH Engelhard, and RH Jones. 2001. "Analyzing Localized Corrosion in Ion-Implanted Metals via XPS/AES." JOM. The Journal of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society 53(7):37-41. 

2000

  • Baer DR, Y Liang, and S Gan. 2000. "Formation and Stabilization of Nano-Sized Pt Clusters on TiO2 Surfaces." In IMRET 4: 4th International Conference on Microreaction Technology, Topical Conference Proceedings, AIChE Spring National Meeting, March 5-9, 2000. Atlanta, GA., pp. 121-126  American Institute of Chemical Engineers, New York, NY. 
  • Baer DR. 2000. "Through A Glass Dimly: A Look At Environmentally-Related Changes In The National Research Agenda And Their Impact On Solving Problems ." In The Global Climate Change: A Coordinated Response by Electrochemistry and Solid-State Science and Technology , vol. 2000-20, ed. A. Wieckowski, pp. 254-273.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Engelhard MH, and DR Baer. 2000. "Third Row Transition Metals by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy." Surface Science Spectra 7(1):1-68. 
  • Baer DR, and MH Engelhard. 2000. "Approach for Determining Area Selectivity in Small-Area XPS Analysis." Surface and Interface Analysis 29(11):766-772. 
  • Baer DR, CF Windisch, Jr, MH Engelhard, MJ Danielson, RH Jones, and JS Vetrano. 2000. "Influence of Mg on the Corrosion of Al ." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 18(1):131-136. 
  • Gan S, Y Liang, and DR Baer. 2000. "Atomic Control of TiO2(110) Surface By Oxygen Plasma Treatment." Surface Science Letters 459(3):L498-L502. 
  • Jones RH, MJ Danielson, DR Baer, CF Windisch, Jr, JS Vetrano, and DJ Edwards. 2000. "Stress Corrosion Cracking Issues in Light Metals for Automotive Applications." In NACE Paper #51300-01235-SG.  National Association of Corrosion Engineers , Houston, TX. 

1999

  • Engelhard MH, and DR Baer. 1999. "Vacuum Cleaved Calcium Carbonate by XPS." Surface Science Spectra 6:153-159. 
  • Hatchett DW, MA Josowicz, J Janata, and DR Baer. 1999. "Electrochemical Formation of Au Clusters in Polyaniline." Chemistry of Materials 11(10):2989-2994. 
  • Josowicz MA, HS Li, K Domansky, and DR Baer. 1999. "Effect of Oxidation State of Palladium in Polyaniline Layers on Sensitivity to Hydrogen." Electroanalysis 11(10-11):774-781. 
  • Thevuthasan S, CHF Peden, MH Engelhard, DR Baer, GS Herman, W Jiang, Y Liang, and WJ Weber. 1999. "The Ion Beam Materials Analysis Laboratory at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory." Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment 420(1-2):81-89. 
  • Wang LQ, KF Ferris, PX Skiba, AN Shultz, DR Baer, and MH Engelhard. 1999. "Interactions of Liquid and Vapor Water with Stoichiometric and Defective TiO2(100) Surfaces." Surface Science 440(1-2):60-68. 
  • Windisch CF, Jr, DR Baer, MH Engelhard, SM Bruemmer, and RH Jones. 1999. "Corrosion of Phosphorus-Implanted 304L Stainless Steel in 1 N H2SO4." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 146(3):984-987. 

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