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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information

Mark Bowden

Interfacial Sciences & Simulation
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-93
Richland, WA 99352

PNNL Publications


  • Asmussen RM, CI Pearce, BW Miller, AR Lawter, JJ Neeway, WW Lukens, ME Bowden, MD Miller, EC Buck, RJ Serne, and N Qafoku. 2018. "Getters for Improved Tc Containment in Cementitious Waste Forms." Journal of Hazardous Materials 341:238-247.  doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.07.055


  • Li W, L Kovarik, Y Cheng, L Nie, ME Bowden, J Liu, and Y Wang. 2017. "Stabilization and Transformation of Pt Nanocrystals Supported on ZnAl2O4 Spinel." RSC Advances 7(6):3282-3286.  doi:10.1039/C6RA26159K
  • Chambers SA, TC Droubay, TC Kaspar, IH Nayyar, ME McBriarty, SM Heald, DJ Keavney, ME Bowden, and P Sushko. 2017. "Electronic and Optical Properties of a Semiconducting Spinel (Fe2CrO4)." Advanced Functional Materials 27(9):Article No. 1605040.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201605040
  • Kaspar TC, JG Gigax, L Shao, ME Bowden, T Varga, V Shutthanandan, SR Spurgeon, P Yan, C Wang, P Ramuhalli, and CH Henager, Jr. 2017. "Damage evolution of ion irradiated defected-fluorite La2Zr2O7 epitaxial thin films." Acta Materialia 130:111-120.  doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2017.01.012
  • Kaur M, JS Mccloy, RK Kukkadapu, CI Pearce, J Tucek, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, E Arenholz, and Y Qiang. 2017. "TETRAGONAL LIKE PHASE IN CORE-SHELL IRON IRON-OXIDE." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121(21):11794-11803.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b01469
  • Lim Z, K Ahmadi-Majlan, E Grimley, Y Du, ME Bowden, R Moghadam, JM LeBeau, SA Chambers, and J Ngai. 2017. "Structural and electrical properties of single crystalline SrZrO3 epitaxially grown on Ge (001)." Journal of Applied Physics 122(8):Article No. 084102.  doi:10.1063/1.5000142
  • Malhotra D, JP Page, ME Bowden, AJ Karkamkar, DJ Heldebrant, VA Glezakou, RJ Rousseau, and PK Koech. 2017. "Phase-Change Aminopyridines as Carbon Dioxide Capture Solvents." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 56(26):7534-7540.  doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b00874
  • McBriarty ME, JA Soltis, SN Kerisit, O Qafoku, ME Bowden, EJ Bylaska, JJ De Yoreo, and ES Ilton. 2017. "Trace Uranium Partitioning in a Multi-Phase Nano-FeOOH System." Environmental Science & Technology 51(9):4970-4977.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b00432
  • Nair RN, JJ Rosnow, TA Murphree, ME Bowden, SR Lindemann, and AT Wright. 2017. "De novo synthesis of alkyne substituted tryptophans as chemical probes for protein profiling studies." Organic Chemistry Frontiers 4(4):495-499.  doi:10.1039/C6QO00819D
  • Ngai J, K Ahmadi-Majlan, MJ Moghadam, M Chrysler, D Kumah, F Walker, C Ahn, TC Droubay, Y Du, SA Chambers, ME Bowden, X Shen, and D Su. 2017. "Electrically coupling complex oxides to semiconductors: a route to novel material functionalities." Journal of Materials Research 32(2):249-259.  doi:10.1557/jmr.2016.496
  • Overman NR, SA Whalen, ME Bowden, MJ Olszta, K Kruska, T Clark, EL Stevens, JT Darsell, VV Joshi, X Jiang, KF Mattlin, and S Mathaudhu. 2017. "Homogenization and Texture Development in Rapidly Solidified AZ91E Consolidated by Shear Assisted Processing and Extrusion (ShAPE)." Materials Science and Engineering. A. Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing 701:56-68.  doi:10.1016/j.msea.2017.06.062
  • Qafoku O, CI Pearce, A Neumann, L Kovarik, M Zhu, ES Ilton, ME Bowden, CT Resch, BW Arey, E Arenholz, AR Felmy, and KM Rosso. 2017. "Tc(VII) and Cr(VI) Interaction with a Naturally Reduced Ferruginous Smectite from the Redox Transition Zone." Environmental Science & Technology 51(16):9042-9052.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02191
  • Saslow SA, W Um, CI Pearce, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, WW Lukens, II Leavy, BJ Riley, DS Kim, MJ Schweiger, and AA Kruger. 2017. "Reduction and Simultaneous Removal of 99Tc and Cr by Fe(OH)2(s) Mineral Transformation." Environmental Science & Technology 51(15):8635-8642.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b02278
  • Song S, W Xu, J Zheng, L Luo, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, B Liu, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "Complete decomposition of Li2CO3 in Li-O2 batteries using Ir/B4C as noncarbon-based oxygen electrode." Nano Letters 17(3):1417-1424.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b04371
  • Song S, W Xu, R Cao, L Luo, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, B Liu, L Estevez, C Wang, and J Zhang. 2017. "B4C as a stable non-carbon-based oxygen electrode material for lithium-oxygen batteries." Nano Energy 33:195-204.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.01.042
  • Um W, SA Luksic, G Wang, SA Saslow, DS Kim, MJ Schweiger, CZ Soderquist, ME Bowden, W Lukens, and AA Kruger. 2017. "Enhanced 99Tc Retention in Glass Waste Form using Tc(IV)-Incorporated." Journal of Nuclear Materials 495(C):455-462.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2017.09.007
  • Ward JD, ME Bowden, CT Resch, GC Eiden, D Pemmaraju, D Prendergast, and AM Duffin. 2017. "Identifying Anthropogenic Uranium Compounds Using Soft X-Ray Near-Edge Absorption Spectroscopy." Spectrochimica Acta. Part B, Atomic Spectroscopy 127:20-27.  doi:10.1016/j.sab.2016.11.008


  • Kaspar TC, P Sushko, ME Bowden, SM Heald, A Papadogianni, CM Tschammer, O Bierwagen, and SA Chambers. 2016. "Defect compensation by Cr vacancies and oxygen interstitials in Ti4+-doped Cr2O3 epitaxial thin films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 94(15):Article No. 155409.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.155409
  • Whittemore SM, ME Bowden, AJ Karkamkar, KK Parab, D Neiner, T Autrey, JS Ishisbashi, G Chen, SY Liu, and DA Dixon. 2016. "Blending materials composed of Boron, Nitrogen and Carbon to transform approaches to Liquid Hydrogen Stores." Dalton Transactions 45(14):6196-6203.  doi:10.1039/C5DT04276C
  • Asmussen RM, CI Pearce, AR Lawter, JJ Neeway, BL Miller, BD Lee, NM Washton, JR Stephenson, RE Clayton, ME Bowden, EC Buck, E Cordova, N Qafoku, and BD Williams. 2016. Getter Incorporation into Cast Stone and Solid State CharacterizationsPNNL-25577 Rev. 0;RPT-SLAW-003 Rev A, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Asmussen RM, CI Pearce, KE Parker, BW Miller, BD Lee, EC Buck, NM Washton, ME Bowden, AR Lawter, EM McElroy, and RJ Serne. 2016. Solid State Characterizations of Long-Term Leached Cast Stone MonolithsPNNL-25578 Rev.0; RPT-SWCS-008 Rev 0, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA.  doi:10.2172/1328842
  • Brooks KP, ME Bowden, AJ Karkamkar, AY Houghton, and T Autrey. 2016. "Coupling of Exothermic and Endothermic Hydrogen Storage Materials." Journal of Power Sources 324:170-178.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.05.067
  • Callini E, ZO Kocabas, BC Hauback, S Orimo, CM Jensen, M Domheim, D Grant, YW Cho, P Chen, B Hjorvarsson, P De Jongh, C Weidenthaler, M Baricco, M Paskevicius, TR Jensen, ME Bowden, T Autrey, and A Zuttel. 2016. "Complex And Liquid Hydrides For Energy Storage." Applied Physics A, Materials Science and Processing 122(4):Article No. 353.  doi:10.1007/s00339-016-9881-5
  • Cao R, K Mushra, X Li, J Qian, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, KS Han, KT Mueller, WA Henderson, and J Zhang. 2016. "Enabling room temperature sodium metal batteries." Nano Energy 30:825-830.  doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.09.013
  • Comes RB, SR Spurgeon, SM Heald, DM Kepaptsoglou, L Jones, PV Ong, ME Bowden, QM Ramasse, P Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2016. "Interface-Induced Polarization in SrTiO3-LaCrO3 Superlattices ." Advanced Materials Interfaces 3(6):Art. No. 1500779.  doi:10.1002/admi.201500779
  • Comes RB, TC Kaspar, SM Heald, ME Bowden, and SA Chambers. 2016. "Infrared Optical Absorption in Low-spin Fe2+-doped SrTiO3." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 28(3):Article No. 035901.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/28/3/035901
  • Du Y, G Li, EW Peterson, J Zhou, X Zhang, R Mu, Z Dohnalek, ME Bowden, I Lyubinetsky, and SA Chambers. 2016. "Iso-oriented monolayer a-MoO3(010) films epitaxially grown on SrTiO3(001)." Nanoscale 8(5):3119-3124.  doi:10.1039/C5NR07745A
  • Lebarbier VM, RA Dagle, L Kovarik, A Genc, Y Wang, ME Bowden, H Wan, MD Flake, VA Glezakou, DL King, and RJ Rousseau. 2016. "Steam Reforming of Hydrocarbons from Biomass-Derived Syngas over MgAl2O4-Supported Transition Metals and Bimetallic IrNi Catalysts." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 184:142-152.  doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2015.11.022
  • Levitskaia TG, S Chatterjee, N Pence, J Romero, T Varga, MH Engelhard, Y Du, L Kovarik, BW Arey, ME Bowden, and ED Walter. 2016. "Inorganic Tin Aluminophosphate Nanocomposite for Reductive Separation of Pertechnetate." Environmental Science: Nano 3(2):1003-1013.  doi:10.1039/C6EN00130K
  • Liu B, P Yan, W Xu, J Zheng, Y He, L Luo, ME Bowden, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Electrochemically formed ultrafine metal oxide nanocatalysts for high performance lithium-oxygen batteries ." Nano Letters 16(8):4932-4939.  doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01556
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, X Sun, ME Bowden, J Read, J Qian, D Mei, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2016. "Enhanced Cycling Stability of Rechargeable Li-O2 Batteries Using High Concentration Electrolytes." Advanced Functional Materials 26(4):605-613.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201503697
  • Neeway JJ, RM Asmussen, AR Lawter, ME Bowden, WW Lukens, D Sarma, BJ Riley, MG Kanatzidis, and N Qafoku. 2016. "Removal of TcO4- from Representative Nuclear Waste Streams with Layered Potassium Metal Sulfide Materials." Chemistry of Materials 28(11):3976-3983.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b01296
  • Qian J, BD Adams, J Zheng, W Xu, WA Henderson, J Wang, ME Bowden, S Xu, JZ Hu, and J Zhang. 2016. "Anode-Free Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 26(39):7094-7102.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201602353
  • Reardon PN, SS Chacon, ED Walter, ME Bowden, NM Washton, and MW Kleber. 2016. "Abiotic protein fragmentation by manganese oxide: implications for a mechanism to supply soil biota with oligopeptides." Environmental Science & Technology 50(7):3486-3493.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b04622
  • Reddy UV, GM Bowers, N Loganathan, ME Bowden, AO Yazaydin, and RJ Kirkpatrick. 2016. "Water Structure and Dynamics in Smectites: X-ray Diffraction and 2H NMR Spectroscopy of Mg-, Ca-, Sr-, Na-, Cs-, and Pb-Hectorite." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(16):8863-8876.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b03431
  • Smith CD, VM Lebarbier, MD Flake, KK Ramasamy, L Kovarik, ME Bowden, T Onfroy, and RA Dagle. 2016. "Conversion of Syngas-Derived C2+ Mixed Oxygenates to C3-C5 Olefins over ZnxZryOz Mixed Oxides Catalysts." Catalysis Today 6(7):2325-2316.  doi:10.1039/C5CY01261A
  • Spurgeon SR, Y Du, TC Droubay, A Devaraj, X Sang, P Longo, P Yan, PG Kotula, V Shutthanandan, ME Bowden, JM LeBeau, CM Wang, P Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2016. "Competing Pathways for Nucleation of the Double Perovskite Structure in the Epitaxial Synthesis of La2MnNiO6." Chemistry of Materials 28(11):3814-3822.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b00829
  • Ward JD, ME Bowden, CT Resch, SC Smith, BK McNamara, EC Buck, GC Eiden, and AM Duffin. 2016. "Identification of Uranyl Minerals Using Oxygen K-Edge X Ray Absorption Spectroscopy." Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research 40(1):135-148.  doi:10.1111/j.1751-908X.2015.00337.x
  • Williams BD, JJ Neeway, MMV Snyder, ME Bowden, JE Amonette, BW Arey, EM Pierce, CF Brown, and N Qafoku. 2016. "Mineral Assemblage Transformation of a Metakaolin-based Waste Form After Geopolymer Encapsulation." Journal of Nuclear Materials 473:320-332.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.12.023
  • Xiang H, P Shi, P Bhattacharya, X Chen, D Mei, ME Bowden, J Zheng, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2016. "Enhanced charging capability of lithium metal batteries based on lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide-lithium bis(oxalato)borate dual-salt electrolytes ." Journal of Power Sources 318:170-177.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.04.017
  • Xie W, E Polikarpov, JP Choi, ME Bowden, K Sun, and J Cui. 2016. "Effect of ball milling and heat treatment process on MnBi powders magnetic properties." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 680:1-5.  doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.04.097
  • Zachara JM, JJ Moran, CT Resch, SR Lindemann, AR Felmy, ME Bowden, AB Cory, and JK Fredrickson. 2016. "Geo- and Biogeochemical Processes in a Heliothermal Hypersaline Lake." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 181:144-163.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2016.02.001
  • Zhou Y, J Yao, Y Ding, J Yu, X Hua, JE Evans, X Yu, D Lao, DJ Heldebrant, SK Nune, B Cao, ME Bowden, XY Yu, X Wang, and Z Zhu. 2016. "Improving the Molecular Ion Signal Intensity for In Situ Liquid SIMS Analysis." Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 27(12):2006-2013.  doi:10.1007/s13361-016-1478-x


  • Qafoku O, DA Dixon, KM Rosso, HT Schaef, ME Bowden, BW Arey, and AR Felmy. 2015. "Dynamics of Magnesite Formation at Low-Temperature and High pCO2 in Aqueous Solution." Environmental Science & Technology 49(17):10736-10744.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b02588
  • Varga T, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, L Kovarik, D Hu, and SA Chambers. 2015. "Strain-dependence Of The Structure And Ferroic Properties Of Epitaxial NiTiO3 Thin Films Grown On Different Substrates." Advances in Condensed Matter Physics 2015:Art. No. 493045.  doi:10.1155/2015/493045
  • Varga T, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, SA Stephens, S Manandhar, V Shutthanandan, RJ Colby, D Hu, WA Shelton, and SA Chambers. 2015. "Strain-dependence Of The Structure And Ferroic Properties Of Epitaxial Ni-1 (-) Ti-x(1) (-) O-y(3) Thin Films Grown On Sapphire Substrates." Thin Solid Films 578:113-123.  doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2015.02.016
  • Zhang H, Y Du, A Papadogianni, O Bierwagen, S Sallis, LFJ Piper, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, P Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2015. "Perovskite Sr-doped LaCrO3 as a new p-type transparent conducting oxide." Advanced Materials 27(35):5191-5195.  doi:10.1002/adma.201501959
  • Zhang H, Y Du, P Sushko, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, L Qiao, G Cao, Z Gai, S Sallis, LFJ Piper, and SA Chambers. 2015. "Electronic and magnetic properties of epitaxial perovskite SrCrO3(001)." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 27(24):245605.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/27/24/245605
  • Zhang H, Y Du, P Sushko, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, S Sallis, LFJ Piper, and SA Chambers. 2015. "Hole-induced insulator-to-metal transition in La1-xSrxCrO3 epitaxial films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 91(15):155129.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.91.155129
  • Bowers GM, HE Argersinger, V Reddy, TA Johnson, BW Arey, ME Bowden, and RJ Kirkpatrick. 2015. "Integrated Molecular and Microscopic Scale Insight into Morphology and Ion Dynamics in Ca2+-Mediated Natural Organic Matter Floccs." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119(31):17773-17783.  doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05509
  • Chen G, LN Zakharov, ME Bowden, AJ Karkamkar, SM Whittemore, EB Garner, TC Mikulas, DA Dixon, T Autrey, and SY Liu. 2015. "Bis-BN Cyclohexane: A Remarkably Kinetically Stable Chemical Hydrogen Storage Material." Journal of the American Chemical Society 137(1):134-137.  doi:10.1021/ja511766p
  • Comes RB, SY Smolin, TC Kaspar, R Gao, BA Apgar, LW Martin, ME Bowden, J Baxter, and SA Chambers. 2015. "Visible light carrier generation in co-doped epitaxial titanate films." Applied Physics Letters 109(9):Article No. 092901.  doi:10.1063/1.4913930
  • Ginovska-Pangovska B, T Autrey, KK Parab, ME Bowden, RG Potter, and DM Camaioni. 2015. "Heterolysis of H2 Across a Classical Lewis Pair, 2,6-Lutidine-BCl3: Synthesis, Characterization, and Mechanism." Chemistry - A European Journal 21(4):15713-15719.  doi:10.1002/chem.201501899
  • Ju X, ME Bowden, EE Brown, and X Zhang. 2015. "An Improved X-ray Diffraction Method For Cellulose Crystallinity Measurement." Carbohydrate Polymers 123:476-481.  doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.12.071
  • Kaspar TC, ME Bowden, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, NR Overman, RM Van Ginhoven, BD Wirth, and RJ Kurtz. 2015. "Epitaxial Fe/Y2O3 interfaces as a model system for oxide-dispersion-strengthened ferritic alloys." Journal of Nuclear Materials 457:352-361.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.11.046
  • Kovarik L, ME Bowden, D Shi, NM Washton, A Anderson, JZ Hu, J Lee, J Szanyi, JH Kwak, and CHF Peden. 2015. "Unraveling the Origin of Structural Disorder in High Temperature Transition Al2O3: Structure of ?-Al2O3." Chemistry of Materials 27(20):7042-7049.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b02523
  • Liu B, W Xu, P Yan, P Bhattacharya, R Cao, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, and J Zhang. 2015. "In Situ-Grown ZnCo2O4 on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes as Air Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Lithium-Oxygen Batteries." ChemSusChem 8(21):3697-3703.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201500636
  • Lu X, ME Bowden, VL Sprenkle, and J Liu. 2015. "A low cost, high energy density and long cycle life potassium-sulfur battery for grid-scale energy storage." Advanced Materials 27(39):5915-5922.  doi:10.1002/adma.201502343
  • Miller QR, J Kaszuba, HT Schaef, ME Bowden, and BP McGrail. 2015. "Impacts of Organic Ligands on Forsterite Reactivity in Supercritical CO2 Fluids." Environmental Science & Technology 49(7):4724-4734.  doi:10.1021/es506065d
  • Moghadam MJ, K Ahmadi-Majlan, X Shen, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, M Chrysler, D Su, SA Chambers, and J Ngai. 2015. "Band-Gap Engineering at a Semiconductor-Crystalline Oxide Interface." Advanced Materials Interfaces 2(4):Art No. 1400497.  doi:10.1002/admi.201400497
  • Schubert DM, D Neiner, ME Bowden, SM Whittemore, JD Holladay, Z Huang, and T Autrey. 2015. "Capacity Enhancement of Aqueous Borohydride Fuels for hydrogen storage in liquids." Journal of Alloys and Compounds 645(Supplement 1):S196-S199.  doi:10.1016/j.jallcom.2015.01.063
  • Shao H, N Qafoku, AR Lawter, ME Bowden, and CF Brown. 2015. "Coupled Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2 and Contaminants from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs on Groundwater Quality ." Environmental Science & Technology 49(13):8202-8209.  doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b01004
  • Sunendra JR, RK Kukkadapu, DJ Burdige, ME Bowden, DL Sparks, and DP Jaisi. 2015. "Organic Matter Remineralization Predominates Phosphorus Cycling in the Mid-Bay Sediments in the Chesapeake Bay." Environmental Science & Technology 49(10):5887-5896.  doi:10.1021/es5059617
  • Wang G, N Qafoku, AR Lawter, ME Bowden, O Harvey, EC Sullivan, and CF Brown. 2015. "Geochemical Impacts of Leaking CO2 from Subsurface Storage Reservoirs to an Unconfined Oxidizing Carbonate Aquifer." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 44(2016):310-322.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2015.07.002
  • Xiang H, D Mei, P Yan, P Bhattacharya, SD Burton, AV Cresce, R Cao, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, Z Zhu, B Polzin, CM Wang, K Xu, J Zhang, and W Xu. 2015. "The Role of Cesium Cation in Controlling Interphasial Chemistry on Graphite Anode in Propylene Carbonate-Rich Electrolytes." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7(37):20687-20695.  doi:10.1021/acsami.5b05552


  • Comes RB, P Sushko, SM Heald, RJ Colby, ME Bowden, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Band-Gap Reduction and Dopant Interaction in Epitaxial La,Cr Co-doped SrTiO3 Thin Films." Chemistry of Materials 26(24):7073-7082.  doi:10.1021/cm503541u
  • Kaspar TC, SE Chamberlin, ME Bowden, RJ Colby, V Shutthanandan, S Manandhar, Y Wang, P Sushko, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Impact of Lattice Mismatch and Stoichiometry on the Structure and Bandgap of (Fe,Cr)2O3 Epitaxial Thin Films." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 26(13):Article No. 135005.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/13/135005
  • Zhang H, P Sushko, RJ Colby, Y Du, ME Bowden, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Reversible nano-structuring of SrCrO3-d through oxidization and reduction at low temperatures." Nature Communications 5:Artcle No. 4669.  doi:10.1038/ncomms5669
  • Pearce CI, J Liu, DR Baer, O Qafoku, SM Heald, E Arenholz, AE Grosz, JP McKinley, CT Resch, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, and KM Rosso. 2014. "Characterization of natural titanomagnetites (Fe3-xTixO4) for studying heterogeneous electron transfer to Tc(VII) in the Hanford subsurface." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 128:114-127.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2013.12.010
  • Bhattacharya P, EN Nasybulin, MH Engelhard, L Kovarik, ME Bowden, S Li, DJ Gaspar, W Xu, and J Zhang. 2014. "Dendrimer-Encapsulated Ruthenium Nanoparticles as Catalysts for Lithium-O2 Batteries." Advanced Functional Materials 24(47):7510-7519.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201402701
  • Bowden ME, KJ Alvine, JL Fulton, JP Lemmon, X Lu, BJM Webb-Robertson, SM Heald, M Balasubramanian, DR Mortensen, GT Seidler, and NJ Hess. 2014. "X-ray Absorption Measurements on Nickel Cathode of Sodium-beta Alumina batteries: Fe-Ni-CI Chemical Associations." Journal of Power Sources 247:517-526.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.08.046
  • Cantrell KJ, W Um, BD Williams, ME Bowden, BN Gartman, WW Lukens, EC Buck, and EJ Mausolf. 2014. "Chemical Stabilization of Hanford Tank Residual Waste." Journal of Nuclear Materials 446(1-3):246-256.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2013.10.060
  • Cao R, ED Walter, W Xu, EN Nasybulin, P Bhattacharya, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, and J Zhang. 2014. "The Mechanisms of Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions in Nonaqueous Lithium-Oxygen Batteries." ChemSusChem 7(9):2436-2440.  doi:10.1002/cssc.201402315
  • Chamberlin SE, TC Kaspar, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, BC Kabius, SM Heald, D Keavney, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Structural perturbations of epitaxial a-(Fe1-xVx)2O3 thin films driven by excess oxygen near the surface." Journal of Applied Physics 116(23):Article No. 233702.  doi:10.1063/1.4903839
  • Cui J, JP Choi, E Polikarpov, ME Bowden, W Xie, G Li, Z Nie, N Zarkevich, MJ Kramer, and DD Johnson. 2014. "Effect of Composition and Heat Treatment on MnBi Magnetic Materials." Acta Materialia 79:374-381.  doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2014.07.034
  • Cui J, JP Choi, G Li, E Polikarpov, JT Darsell, NR Overman, MJ Olszta, DK Schreiber, ME Bowden, TC Droubay, MJ Kramer, N Zarkevich, LL Wang, DD Johnson, M Marinescu, I Takeuchi, Q Huang, H Wu, H Reeve, NV Vuong, and JP Liu. 2014. "Thermal Stability of MnBi Magnetic Materials." Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter 26(6):Article No. 064212.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/26/6/064212
  • Devaraj A, TC Kaspar, S Ramanan, SK Walvekar, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, and RJ Kurtz. 2014. "Nanoscale Phase Separation In Epitaxial Cr-Mo and Cr-V Alloy Thin Films Studied Using Atom Probe Tomography: Comparison Of Experiments And Simulation." Journal of Applied Physics 116(19):Article No. 193512.  doi:10.1063/1.4901465
  • Du Y, M Gu, T Varga, CM Wang, ME Bowden, and SA Chambers. 2014. "Strain Accommodation By Facile WO6 Octahedral Distortion and Tilting During WO3 Heteroepitaxy on SrTiO3(001)." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 6(16):14253-14258.  doi:10.1021/am5035686
  • Fan D, R Anitori, BM Tebo, PG Tratnyek, JS Lezama Pacheco, RK Kukkadapu, L Kovarik, MH Engelhard, and ME Bowden. 2014. "Oxidative Remobilization of Technetium Sequestered by Sulfide-Transformed Nano Zerovalent Iron." Environmental Science & Technology 48(13):7409-7417.  doi:10.1021/es501607s
  • Fernandez CA, PF Martin, HT Schaef, ME Bowden, PK Thallapally, LX Dang, W Xu, X Chen, and BP McGrail. 2014. "An Electrically Switchable Metal-Organic Framework." Scientific Reports 12(3):Article No. 6114 .  doi:10.1038/srep06114
  • Jiang W, JA Sundararajan, T Varga, ME Bowden, Y Qiang, JS McCloy, CH Henager, Jr, and RO Montgomery. 2014. "In-situ Study of Nanostructure and Electrical Resistance of Nanocluster Films Irradiated with Ion Beams." Advanced Functional Materials 24(39):6210-6218.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201400553
  • Jiang W, L Kovarik, Z Zhu, T Varga, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, TM Nenoff, and T Garino. 2014. "Microstructure and Cs Behavior of Ba-Doped Aluminosilicate Pollucite Irradiated with F+ Ions." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(31):18160-18169.  doi:10.1021/jp5045223
  • Ju X, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, and X Zhang. 2014. "Investigating Commercial Cellulase Performances Toward Specific Biomass Recalcitrance Factors Using Reference Substrates." Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98(10):4409-4420.  doi:10.1007/s00253-013-5450-4
  • Kaspar TC, ME Bowden, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, S Manandhar, RM Van Ginhoven, BD Wirth, and RJ Kurtz. 2014. "Defect Structure of Epitaxial CrxV1 - x Thin Films on MgO(001)." Thin Solid Films 550:1-9.  doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2013.09.067
  • Kovarik L, ME Bowden, A Genc, J Szanyi, CHF Peden, and JH Kwak. 2014. "Structure of d-Alumina: Toward The Atomic Level Understanding Of Transition Alumina Phases." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118:18051-18058.  doi:10.1021/jp500051j
  • Neeway JJ, N Qafoku, BD Williams, KA Rod, ME Bowden, CF Brown, and EM Pierce. 2014. "Performance of the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Product Under Hydraulically Unsaturated Conditions." Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 131:119-128.  doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2013.10.008
  • Riley BJ, MJ Schweiger, DS Kim, WW Lukens, BD Williams, C Iovin, CP Rodriguez, NR Overman, ME Bowden, DR Dixon, JV Crum, JS Mccloy, and AA Kruger. 2014. "Iodine Solubility in Low-Activity Waste Borosilicate Glass at 1000 °C." Journal of Nuclear Materials 452(1-3):178-188.  doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.04.027
  • Szecsody JE, L Zhong, JN Thomle, VR Vermeul, CE Strickland, MD Williams, J Liu, JP McKinley, ME Bowden, TJ Gilmore, EER Eisenhauer, and F Colwell. 2014. "Influence of scCO2 Injection on Precipitation and Metals Migration, and Changes in Electrical Resistivity." Energy Procedia 63:3285-3292.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.356


  • Miller QRS, CJ Thompson, JS Loring, CF Windisch, Jr, ME Bowden, DW Hoyt, JZ Hu, BW Arey, KM Rosso, and HT Schaef. 2013. "Insights into Silicate Carbonation Processes in Water-Bearing Supercritical CO2 Fluids." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 15:104-118.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.02.005
  • Qiao L, H Zhang, ME Bowden, T Varga, V Shutthanandan, RJ Colby, Y Du, BC Kabius, PV Sushko, MD Biegalski, and SA Chambers. 2013. "The Impacts of Cation Stoichiometry and Substrate Surface Quality on Nucleation, Structure, Defect Formation, and Intermixing in Complex Oxide Heteroepitaxy-LaCrO3 on SrTiO3(001)." Advanced Functional Materials 23(23):2953-2963.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201202655
  • Qiao L, HY Xiao, SM Heald, ME Bowden, T Varga, GJ Exarhos, MD Biegalski, IN Ivanov, WJ Weber, TC Droubay, and SA Chambers. 2013. "The impact of crystal symmetry on the electronic structure and functional properties of complex lanthanum chromium oxides." Journal of Materials Chemistry C 1(30):4527-4535.  doi:10.1039/C3TC30883A
  • Varga T, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, RJ Colby, S Manandhar, V Shutthanandan, D Hu, BC Kabius, E Apra, WA Shelton, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Coexistence of Weak Ferromagnetism and Polar Lattice Distortion in Epitaxial NiTiO3 thin films of the LiNbO3-Type Structure." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B--Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures 31(3):Article No. 030603.  doi:10.1116/1.4801664
  • Fan D, R Anitori, BM Tebo, PG Tratnyek, JS Lezama Pacheco, RK Kukkadapu, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, L Kovarik, and BW Arey. 2013. "Reductive Sequestration Of Pertechnetate (99TcO4-) By Nano Zerovalent Iron (nZVI) Transformed By Abiotic Sulfide." Environmental Science & Technology 47(10):5302-5310.  doi:10.1021/es304829z
  • Fanizza MF, H Yoon, C Zhang, M Oostrom, TW Wietsma, NJ Hess, ME Bowden, TJ Strathmann, KT Finneran, and CJ Werth. 2013. "Pore-Scale Evaluation of Uranyl Phosphate Precipitation in a Model Groundwater System." Water Resources Research 49(2):874-890.  doi:10.1002/wrcr.20088
  • Jiang W, Z Zhu, T Varga, ME Bowden, S Manandhar, TJ Roosendaal, SY Hu, CH Henager, Jr, RJ Kurtz, and Y Wang. 2013. "PROPERTIES OF DEFECTS AND IMPLANTS IN Mg+ IMPLANTED SILICON CARBIDE ." Chapter 3.2 in Fusion Reactor Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending June 30, 2013. DOE/ER-0313/54, vol. 54, ed. Peter J. Pappano, pp. 70-75.  Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN. 
  • Joshi VV, A Meier, JT Darsell, KS Weil, and ME Bowden. 2013. "Trends in wetting behavior for Ag-CuO braze alloys on Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O(3-d) at elevated temperatures in air." Journal of Materials Science 48(20):7153-7161.  doi:10.1007/s10853-013-7531-2
  • Joshi VV, A Meier, JT Darsell, P Nachimuthu, ME Bowden, and KS Weil. 2013. "Short-Term Oxidation Studies on Nicrofer- 6025HT in Air at Elevated Temperatures for Advanced Coal Based Power Plants." Oxidation of Metals 79(3-4):383-404.  doi:10.1007/s11085-013-9362-6
  • Katakam SK, A Devaraj, ME Bowden, S Santhanakrishnan, C Smith, R Ramanujan, S Thevuthasan, R Banerjee, and NB Dahotre. 2013. "Laser Assisted Crystallization of Ferromagnetic Amorphous Ribbons: A Multimodal Characterization and Thermal Model Study." Journal of Applied Physics 114(18):Article No. 184901.  doi:10.1063/1.4829279
  • Kaur M, Q Dai, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, Y Wu, J Tang, and Y Qiang. 2013. "Magnetic Interaction Reversal In Watermelon Nanostructured Cr-doped Fe Nanoclusters." Applied Physics Letters 103(20):Article No. 202407.  doi:10.1063/1.4830434
  • Kaur M, Q Dai, ME Bowden, MH Engelhard, Y Wu, J Tang, and Y Qiang. 2013. "Watermelon-like iron nanoparticles: Cr doping effect on magnetism and magnetization interaction reversal." Nanoscale 5(17):7872-7881.  doi:10.1039/C3NR02247A
  • Koech PK, J Zhang, IV Kutnyakov, L Cosimbescu, SJ Lee, ME Bowden, TD Smurthwaite, and DJ Heldebrant. 2013. "Low viscosity alkanolguanidine and alkanolamidine liquids for CO2 capture." RSC Advances 3(2):556 - 572.  doi:10.1039/C2RA22801G
  • Matthieu DE, III, M Brusseau, GR Johnson, JL Artiola, ME Bowden, and JE Curry. 2013. "Intercalation of Trichloroethene by Sediment-Associated Clay Minerals." Chemosphere 90(2):459-463.  doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.07.061
  • Mortensen DR, GT Seidler, JA Bradley, MJ Lipp, WJ Evans, P Chow, YM Xiao, G Boman, and ME Bowden. 2013. "A Versatile Medium-Resolution X-ray Emission Spectrometer for Diamond Anvil Cell Applications." Review of Scientific Instruments 84(8):Article No. 083908.  doi:10.1063/1.4819257
  • Nielsen TK, AJ Karkamkar, ME Bowden, F Besenbacher, TR Jensen, and T Autrey. 2013. "Methods to Stabilize and Destabilize Ammonium Borohydride." Dalton Transactions 42(3):680-687.  doi:10.1039/C2DT31591B
  • Portet T, PN Holmes, ME Bowden, SA Stephens, T Varga, and SL Keller. 2013. "Petal Thicknesses and Shape Transformations in Blooming Lilies." Biophysical Journal 104(2 Supplement 1):493A-493A.  doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2012.11.2717
  • Schaef HT, BP McGrail, JS Loring, ME Bowden, BW Arey, and KM Rosso. 2013. "Forsterite [Mg2SiO4)] Carbonation in Wet Supercritical CO2: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Environmental Science & Technology 47(1):174-181.  doi:10.1021/es301126f
  • Schaef HT, QRS Miller, CJ Thompson, JS Loring, ME Bowden, BW Arey, BP McGrail, and KM Rosso. 2013. "Silicate Carbonation in Supercritical CO2 Containing Dissolved H2O: An in situ High Pressure X-Ray Diffraction Study." Energy Procedia 37:5892-5896.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.514
  • Sushko P, L Qiao, ME Bowden, T Varga, GJ Exarhos, FK Urban, III, D Barton, and SA Chambers. 2013. "Multiband Optical Absorption Controlled by Lattice Strain in Thin-Film LaCrO3." Physical Review Letters 110(7):077401.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.077401
  • Zhang W, ME Bowden, and K Krishan. 2013. "Nanoimprint-lithography Patterned Epitaxial Fe Nanowire Arrays With Misaligned Magnetocrystalline And Shape Anisotropies." Journal of Applied Physics 113(17):Article No. 17B502.  doi:10.1063/1.4794358


  • Varga T, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, P Nachimuthu, V Shutthanandan, TB Bolin, WA Shelton, and SA Chambers. 2012. "Epitaxial growth of NiTiO3 with a distorted ilmenite structure." Thin Solid Films 520(17):5534-5541.  doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2012.04.060
  • Alvine KJ, M Vijayakumar, ME Bowden, AL Schemer-Kohrn, and SG Pitman. 2012. "Hydrogen diffusion in Lead Zirconate Titanate and Barium Titanate." Journal of Applied Physics 112(4):Article No. 043511.  doi:10.1063/1.4748283
  • Capan C, G Sun, ME Bowden, and SA Chambers. 2012. "Epitaxial Cr on n-SrTiO3(001)-An ideal Ohmic contact ." Applied Physics Letters 100(5):052106.  doi:10.1063/1.3680608
  • Jiang W, ME Bowden, Z Zhu, PA Jozwik, J Jagielski, and A Stonert. 2012. "Defects and Minor Phases in O+ and Zr+ Ion Co-implanted SrTiO3." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 51(2):621-628.  doi:10.1021/ie200267n
  • Kaspar TC, ME Bowden, T Varga, CM Wang, V Shutthanandan, AG Joly, BD Wirth, and RJ Kurtz. 2012. "Structural characterization of epitaxial CrxMo1-x alloy thin films." Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter 24(9):095001.  doi:10.1088/0953-8984/24/9/095001


  • Bowden ME, and T Autrey. 2011. "Characterization and Mechanistic Studies of the Dehydrogenation of NHxBHx Materials." Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science 15(2):73-79.  doi:10.1016/j.cossms.2011.01.005
  • Qiao L, TC Droubay, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, TC Kaspar, and SA Chambers. 2011. "LaCrO3 heteroepitaxy on SrTiO3(001) by molecular beam epitaxy ." Applied Physics Letters 99(6):Art. No. 061904.  doi:10.1063/1.3624473
  • Qiao L, TC Droubay, T Varga, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, Z Zhu, TC Kaspar, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Epitaxial growth, structure and intermixing at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface as the film stoichiometry is varied." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 83(8):085408.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.83.085408
  • Wang CM, DR Baer, SM Bruemmer, MH Engelhard, ME Bowden, JA Sundararajan, and Y Qiang. 2011. "Microstructure of the Native Oxide Layer on Ni and Cr-doped Ni Nanoparticles." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11(10):8488-8497.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2011.4964
  • Autrey T, ME Bowden, and AJ Karkamkar. 2011. "Control of hydrogen release and uptake in amine borane molecular complexes: Thermodynamics of ammonia borane, ammonium borohydride, and the diammoniate of diborane." Faraday Discussions 151(0):157-169.  doi:10.1039/C0FD00015A
  • Brown GE, A Chaka, DK Shuh, EE Roden, CJ Werth, NJ Hess, AR Felmy, KM Rosso, DR Baer, VL Bailey, ME Bowden, JW Grate, DW Hoyt, LR Kuprat, AS Lea, KT Mueller, M Oostrom, G Orr, L Pasa-Tolic, C Plata, EW Robinson, RG Teller, S Thevuthasan, H Wang, HS Wiley, and MJ Wilkins. 2011. EMSL Geochemistry, Biogeochemistry and Subsurface Science-Science Theme Advisory Panel MeetingPNNL-20601, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Graham KR, ME Bowden, and T Kemmitt. 2011. "Synthesis and Characterization of Methylammonium Borohydride." Inorganic Chemistry 50(3):932-936.  doi:10.1021/ic1015719
  • Mangham AN, N Govind, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, AG Joly, MA Henderson, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Photochemical Properties, Composition, and Structure in Molecular Beam Epitaxy Grown Fe “Doped” and (Fe,N) Codoped Rutile TiO2(110)." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 115(31):15416-15424.  doi:10.1021/jp203061n
  • Zachara JM, RK Kukkadapu, T Peretyazhko, ME Bowden, CM Wang, DW Kennedy, DA Moore, and BW Arey. 2011. "The Mineralogic Transformation of Ferrihydrite Induced by Heterogeneous Reaction with Bioreduced Anthraquinone Disulfonate (AQDS) and the Role of Phosphate." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75(21):6330-6349.  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.06.030
  • Zhang W, ME Bowden, and KM Krishnan. 2011. "Competing effects of magnetocrystalline anisotropy and exchange bias in epitaxial Fe/IrMn bilayers." Applied Physics Letters 98(9):092503.  doi:10.1063/1.3561516
  • Zhao B, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, JS McCloy, ME Bowden, V Shutthanandan, SM Heald, and SA Chambers. 2011. "Electrical transport properties of Ti-doped Fe2O3(0001) epitaxial films." Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 84(24):245325.  doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.84.245325


  • Bowden ME, and M Ryan. 2010. "Absorption Correction for Cylindrical and Annular Specimens and their Containers or Supports." Journal of Applied Crystallography 43(Pt 4):693-698.  doi:10.1107/S0021889810021114
  • Bowden ME, DJ Heldebrant, AJ Karkamkar, TE Proffen, GK Schenter, and T Autrey. 2010. "The diammoniate of diborane: Crystal structure and hydrogen release." Chemical Communications 46(45):8564-8566.  doi:10.1039/C0CC03249B
  • Jaffe JE, TC Kaspar, TC Droubay, T Varga, ME Bowden, and GJ Exarhos. 2010. "Electronic and defect structure of CuSCN." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(19):9111-9117.  doi:10.1021/jp101586q
  • Shaw WJ, ME Bowden, AJ Karkamkar, CJ Howard, DJ Heldebrant, NJ Hess, JC Linehan, and T Autrey. 2010. "Characterization of a New Phase of Ammonia Borane." Energy & Environmental Science 3(6):796-804. 
  • Um W, H Chang, JP Icenhower, N Qafoku, SC Smith, RJ Serne, EC Buck, RK Kukkadapu, ME Bowden, JH Westsik, Jr, and WW Lukens. 2010. Immobilization and Limited Reoxidation of Technetium-99 by Fe(II)-GoethitePNNL-19833, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Heldebrant DJ, AJ Karkamkar, NJ Hess, ME Bowden, SD Rassat, F Zheng, KG Rappe, and T Autrey. 2008. "The Effects of Chemical Additives on the Induction Phase in Solid-State Thermal Decomposition of Ammonia Borane." Chemistry of Materials 20(16):5332-5336.  doi:10.1021/cm801253u
  • Hess NJ, ME Bowden, VM Parvanov, CJ Mundy, SM Kathmann, GK Schenter, and T Autrey. 2008. "Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane: Raman spectroscopy of single crystal NH3BH3 as a function of temperature from 88 to 330 K." Journal of Chemical Physics 128(3):Art. No. 034508.  doi:10.1063/1.2820768

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