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Staff information

Yuyu Zhou

Terrestrial Processes & Adaptation


Dr. Yuyu Zhou is a geographical scientist at the Joint Global Change Research Institute, a partnership of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and the University of Maryland. He received his B.S. degree in geography and M.S. degree in remote sensing from Beijing Normal University and his Ph.D. degree in environmental sciences from University of Rhode Island. His research focuses on applications of remote sensing, GIS, Integrated Assessment Modeling, and spatial analysis to understand the problems of global environmental change and their potential solutions. In particular, he is interested in interdisciplinary research including energy resources, demand, and climate change impacts; land cover/land use change and the socio-economic drivers and impact; high spatial and temporal energy and emissions modeling; and hydrology and ecosystem modeling. Currently, he is conducting global climate change research at PNNL within a diverse, interdisciplinary group of scientists who develop and apply an integrated global land use-energy-economy model. He was awarded a NASA Land-Cover Land-Use Change (LCLUC) Research Grant for Early Career Scientist to study global urban expansion in the context of climate change.

Research Interests

  • Land cover/land use change (e.g. urbanization) across a variety of spatial and temporal scales
  • Energy supply (e.g. wind and electricity) and demand (e.g. building) modeling
  • High spatial and temporal greenhouse gas emissions
  • Ecosystem carbon cycle modeling using process and field-based approaches
  • Climate change and its impacts on energy, emissions, and carbon cycle

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., in Environmental Sciences, University of Rhode Island, 2008
  • M.Sc., in Cartography and GIS, Beijing Normal University, China, 2004
  • B.Sc., in Geography, Beijing Normal University, China, 2001

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS)
  • American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • Association of American Geographers (AAG)

Awards and Recognitions

  • 2008 Sigma Xi Dissertation Award, the Chapter of University of Rhode Island
  • 2008 Full Member, Society of Sigma Xi
  • 2008 Honor Society Member, Phi Kappa Phi
  • 2008 William A. Fischer Memorial Scholarship, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
  • 2008 International Geographic Information Fund, Association of American Geographers
  • 2008 1st place, AAG Water Resources Specialty Group PhD-level research paper competition
  • 2007 BAE Systems Award, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
  • 2006 GeoEye Award, American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
  • 2002 Excellent Graduate Student, Beijing Normal University
  • 2003 Excellent Graduate Student, Beijing Normal University
  • 2002 Huawei Award, Beijing Normal University
  • 2001 Graduation with Honor, Beijing Normal University
  • 2001 The University Best Thesis, Beijing Normal University
  • 2000 3rd place in Jingshibei Scientific Paper Competition, Beijing Normal University
  • 1999 1st place in Jingshibei Scientific Paper Competition, Beijing Normal University

PNNL Publications


  • Calvin KV, B Bond-Lamberty, JA Edmonds, MI Hejazi, ST Waldhoff, MA Wise, and Y Zhou. 2015. "The Effects of Climate Sensitivity and Carbon Cycle Interactions on Mitigation Policy Stringency." Climatic Change 131(1):35-50.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-1026-7
  • Zhao N, Y Zhou, and E Samson. 2015. "Correcting incompatible DN values and geometric errors in nighttime lights time series images ." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 53(4):2039-2049.  doi:10.1109/TGRS.2014.2352598
  • Zhou Y, SJ Smith, K Zhao, ML Imhoff, AM Thomson, B Bond-Lamberty, GR Asrar, X Zhang, C He, and C Elvidge. 2015. "A global map of urban extent from nightlights." Environmental Research Letters 10(5):Article No. 054011.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/5/054011


  • Yu S, J Eom, Y Zhou, M Evans, and LE Clarke. 2014. "Scenarios of Building Energy Demand for China with a Detailed Regional Representation." Energy 67:284-297.  doi:10.1016/
  • Bond-Lamberty B, KV Calvin, AD Jones, J Mao, PL Patel, X Shi, AM Thomson, PE Thornton, and Y Zhou. 2014. "On linking an Earth system model to the equilibrium carbon representation of an economically optimizing land use model." Geoscientific Model Development 7(6):2545-2555.  doi:10.5194/gmd-7-2545-2014
  • Clarke LE, A Fawcett, J Weyant, J McFarland, V Chaturvedi, and Y Zhou. 2014. "Technology and U.S. Emissions Reductions Goals: Results of the EMF 24 Modeling Exercise." The Energy Journal 35(Special Issue):Article No. 2.  doi:10.5547/01956574.35.SI1.2
  • Liu , C He, Y Zhou, and Wu. 2014. "How much of the world's land has been urbanized, really? A hierarchical framework for evading confusion." Landscape Ecology 29(5):763-771.  doi:10.1007/s10980-014-0034-y
  • Scott MJ, DS Daly, JE Hathaway, CS Lansing, Y Liu, HC McJeon, RH Moss, PL Patel, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, and Y Zhou. 2014. Calculating Impacts of Energy Standards on Energy Demand in U.S. Buildings under Uncertainty with an Integrated Assessment Model: Technical Background DataPNNL-23918, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Scott MJ, DS Daly, Y Zhou, JS Rice, PL Patel, HC McJeon, GP Kyle, SH Kim, J Eom, and LE Clarke. 2014. "Evaluating sub-national building-energy efficiency policy options under uncertainty: Efficient sensitivity testing of alternative climate, technolgical, and socioeconomic futures in a regional intergrated-assessment model. ." Energy Economics 43(2014):22-33.  doi:10.1016/j.eneco.2014.01.012
  • Wang P, D Xie, Y Zhou, Y E, and Q Zhu. 2014. "Estimation of net primary productivity using a process-based model in Gansu Province, Northwest China." Environmental Earth Sciences 71(2):647-658.  doi:10.1007/s12665-013-2462-4
  • Zhang J, C He, Y Zhou, S Zhu, and G Shuai. 2014. "Prior-knowledge-based spectral mixture analysis for impervious surface mapping." International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 28:201-210.  doi:10.1016/j.jag.2013.12.001
  • Zhou Y, LE Clarke, J Eom, GP Kyle, PL Patel, SH Kim, JA Dirks, EA Jensen, Y Liu, JS Rice, LC Schmidt, and TE Seiple. 2014. "Modeling the effect of climate change on U.S. state-level buildings energy demands in an integrated assessment framework." Applied Energy 113:1077-1088.  doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.08.034
  • Zhou Y, SJ Smith, C Elvidge, K Zhao, AM Thomson, and ML Imhoff. 2014. "A Cluster-based Method to Map Urban Area from DMSP/OLS Nightlights." Remote Sensing of Environment 147:173-185.  doi:10.1016/j.rse.2014.03.004


  • Chaturvedi V, SH Kim, SJ Smith, LE Clarke, Y Zhou, GP Kyle, and PL Patel. 2013. "Model Evaluation and Hindcasting: An Experiment with an Integrated Assessment Model." Energy 61:479-490.  doi:10.1016/
  • Cragg M, Y Zhou, KR Gurney, and M Kahn. 2013. "Carbon Geography: The Political Economy of Congressional Support for Legislation Intended to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Production." Economic Inquiry 51(2):1640-1650.  doi:10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00462.x
  • Eom J, RH Moss, JA Edmonds, KV Calvin, LE Clarke, JJ Dooley, SH Kim, R Kopp, GP Kyle, PW Luckow, PL Patel, AM Thomson, MA Wise, and Y Zhou. 2013. "Scenarios of Future Socio-Economics, Energy, Land Use, and Radiative Forcing." In Engineering Response to Climate Change, 2nd Ed., ed. RG Watts, pp. 81-138  CRC Press Inc, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Mendoza D, KR Gurney, S Geethakumar, V Chandrasekaran, Y Zhou, and I Razlivanov. 2013. "Implications of uncertainty on regional CO2 mitigation policies for the U.S. onroad sector based on a high-resolution emissions estimate." Energy Policy 55:386-395.  doi:10.1016/j.enpol.2012.12.027
  • Weng Q, Y Zhou, and D Quattrochi. 2013. "Geographical Applications of Remote Sensing." Geocarto International 28(7):561.  doi:10.1080/10106049.2013.856202
  • Zhou Y, J Eom, and LE Clarke. 2013. "The effect of climate change, population distribution, and climate mitigation on building energy use in the U.S. and China." Climatic Change 119(3-4):979-992.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0772-x
  • Zhou Y, and SJ Smith. 2013. "Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Global Onshore Wind Speed Distribution." Environmental Research Letters 8(3):Article No. 034029.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034029


  • Zhou Y, Q Weng, and NB Chang. 2012. "Special Section Guest Editorial: Advances in Remote Sensing for Monitoring Global Environmental Changes." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 6(1):Article No. 061799.  doi:10.1117/1.JRS.6.061799
  • Zhou Y, Q Weng, KR Gurney, Y Shuai, and X Hu. 2012. "Estimation of the relationship between remotely sensed anthropogenic heat discharge and building energy use." ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 67:65-72.  doi:10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2011.10.007
  • Dooley JJ, and Y Zhou. 2012. Explicitly Accounting for Protected Lands within the GCAM 3.0PNNL-21253, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Gurney KR, I Razlivanov, Y Song, Y Zhou, B Benes, and M Abdul- Massih. 2012. "Quantification of fossil fuel CO2 emissions at the building/street scale for a large US city." Environmental Science & Technology 46(21):12194-12202.  doi:10.1021/es3011282
  • Wang Y, J Zhao, Y Zhou, and H Zhang. 2012. "Variation and Trends of Landscape Dynamics, Land Surface Phenology and Net Primary Production of the Appalachian Mountains." Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 6(1):Article No. 061708.  doi:10.1117/1.JRS.6.061708
  • Zhou Y, P Luckow, SJ Smith, and LE Clarke. 2012. "Evaluation of Global Onshore Wind Energy Potential and Generation Costs." Environmental Science & Technology 46(14):7857-7864.  doi:10.1021/es204706m


  • Zhou Y, and KR Gurney. 2011. "Spatial Relationships of Sector-Specific Fossil-fuel CO2 Emissions in the United States." Global Biogeochemical Cycles 25:Article No. GB3002.  doi:10.1029/2010GB003822
  • Kyle GP, P Luckow, KV Calvin, WR Emanuel, M Nathan, and Y Zhou. 2011. GCAM 3.0 Agriculture and Land Use: Data Sources and MethodsPNNL-21025, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

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