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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information


Yuehe Lin

Materials Sciences
Joint Appointment
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Yuehe Lin joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in 1997 as a Research Scientist and was promoted to Senior Research Scientist in 2000 and Chief Scientist in 2004. In 2008, he was named a Laboratory Fellow, the highest rank that PNNL scientist can attain. Recently, Dr. Lin assumed a joint position at Washington State University and PNNL. In this joint position, he continues to be a Laboratory Fellow at PNNL and is a full-professor at WSU. He has been actively working in the nanotechnology area, particularly in the development of new nanobioelectronic devices and nanomaterials for biomedical diagnosis and drug delivery. His other research activities include developing integrated microanalytical systems for environmental and biomedical analysis, and synthesizing functional nanomaterials for energy and environmental applications.

Lin is the editor of the Handbook of Electrochemical Nanotechnology and one of the section editors of Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics. He also serves as the associate editor for the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and Member of Editorial Advisory Board of 20 international journals.

Lin has over 10 patents. Half of the patents have been licensed to industrial partners for commercialization.

Lin has about 360 publications. His publications have been widely cited in scientific community, with a total citation number ~ 25,600 and a H-index of 85. He is listed as an ISI Highly Cited Researcher (Chemistry) in 2014 and 2015.

Education and Credentials

  • University of Idaho, Moscow, ID Ph.D.
  • Xiamen University, Xiamen, China Ph.D.
  • Peking University, Beijing, China B.S.

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Member, American Chemical Society
  • Member, Electrochemical Society
  • Member, BioMEMS Association
  • Member, Society of Electroanalytical Chemistry
  • Member, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)

Awards and Recognitions

PNNL Publications


  • Shi Q, C Zhu, MH Engelhard, D Du, and Y Lin. 2017. "Highly Uniform Distribution of Pt Nanoparticles on N-Doped Hollow Carbon Spheres with Enhanced Durability for Oxygen Reduction Reaction." RSC Advances 7(11):6303-6308.  doi:10.1039/c6ra25391a
  • Song J, C Zhu, B Xu, S Fu, MH Engelhard, R Ye, D Du, SP Beckman, and Y Lin. 2017. "Bimetallic Cobalt-Based Phosphide Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework: CoPx Phase-Dependent Electrical Conductivity and Hydrogen Atom Adsorption Energy for Efficient Overall Water Splitting." Advanced Energy Materials 7(2):Article No. 1601555.  doi:10.1002/aenm.201601555


  • Fu S, C Zhu, J Song, MH Engelhard, X Li, D Du, and Y Lin. 2016. "Highly Ordered Mesoporous Bimetallic Phosphides as Efficient Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysts." ACS Energy Letters 4(1):792-796.  doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00408
  • Fu S, C Zhu, J Song, MH Engelhard, H Xia, D Du, and Y Lin. 2016. "Kinetically Controlled Synthesis of Pt-Based One-Dimensional Hierarchically Porous Nanostructures with Large Mesopores as Highly Efficient ORR Catalysts." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(51):35213-35218.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b11537
  • Fu S, C Zhu, J Song, MH Engelhard, H Xia, D Du, and Y Lin. 2016. "PdCuPt Nanocrystals With Multi-branches for Enzyme-free Glucose Detection." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 8(34):22196-22200.  doi:10.1021/acsami.6b06158
  • Fu S, C Zhu, J Song, MH Engelhard, Y He, D Du, CM Wang, and Y Lin. 2016. "Three-dimensional PtNi Hollow Nanochains as Enhanced Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 4(22):8755-8761.  doi:10.1039/C6TA01801G
  • Shao G, D Lu, Z Fu, D Du, RM Ozanich, W Wang, and Y Lin. 2016. "Design, Fabrication and Test of a Pneumatically Controlled, Renewable, Microfluidic Bead Trapping Device for Sequential Injection Analysis Applications." Analyst 141(1):206-215.  doi:10.1039/C5AN01475A
  • Shi Q, C Zhu, Y Li, H Xia, MH Engelhard, S Fu, D Du, and Y Lin. 2016. "A Facile Method for Synthesizing Dendritic Core-Shell Structured Ternary Metallic Aerogels and Their Enhanced Electrochemical Performances." Chemistry of Materials 28(21):7928-7934.  doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.6b03549


  • Shao Y, Y Cheng, W Duan, W Wang, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2015. "Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells and Redox Flow Batteries: a Selected Review." ACS Catalysis 5(12):7288-7298.  doi:10.1021/acscatal.5b01737
  • Fu S, C Zhu, Y Zhou, G Yang, JW Jeon, JP Lemmon, D Du, SK Nune, and Y Lin. 2015. "Metal-Organic Framework Derived Hierarchically Porous Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanostructures as Novel Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction." Electrochimica Acta 178:287-293.  doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2015.08.021


  • Liu B, D Du, X Hua, XY Yu, and Y Lin. 2014. "Papers Based Electrochemical Biosensors: From Test Strips to Paper-Based Microfluidics." Electroanalysis 26(6):1214-1223.  doi:10.1002/elan.201400036
  • Tang Z, S He, H Pei, D Du, C Fan, and Y Lin. 2014. "Graphene-Based Optical Biosensors and Imaging." Chapter 5 in Biosensors Based on Nanomaterials and Nanodevices , ed. J Li and N Wu, pp. 93-110.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Wang H, S Li, Y Si, Z Sun, S Li, and Y Lin. 2014. "Recyclable enzyme mimic of cubic Fe3O4 nanoparticles loaded on graphene oxide-dispersed carbon nanotubes with enhanced peroxidase-like catalysis and electrocatalysis." Journal of Materials Chemistry B 2(28):4442-4448.  doi:10.1039/c4tb00541d
  • Bhattacharya P, D Du, and Y Lin. 2014. "Bioinspired Nanoscale Materials for Biomedical and Energy Applications." Journal of the Royal Society Interface 11(95):Article No. 20131067.  doi:10.1098/rsif.2013.1067
  • Gunaratne KDD, GE Johnson, A Andersen, D Du, W Zhang, V Prabhakaran, Y Lin, and J Laskin. 2014. "Controlling the Charge State and Redox Properties of Supported Polyoxometalates via Soft Landing of Mass Selected Ions." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 118(48):27611-27622.  doi:10.1021/jp505050m
  • Hua X, XY Yu, Z Wang, L Yang, B Liu, Z Zhu, AE Tucker, WB Chrisler, EA Hill, S Thevuthasan, Y Lin, S Liu, and MJ Marshall. 2014. "In situ molecular imaging of hydrated biofilm in a microfluidic reactor by ToF-SIMS." Analyst 139:1609-1613.  doi:10.1039/C3AN02262E
  • Lee AC, D Du, B Chen, CK Heng, TM Lim, and Y Lin. 2014. "Electrochemical detection of leukemia oncogenes using enzyme-loaded carbon nanotube labels." Analyst 139(17):4223-4230.  doi:10.1039/c3an01156a
  • Zhang W, D Du, KDD Gunaratne, RJ Colby, Y Lin, and J Laskin. 2014. "Polyoxometalate-Graphene Nanocomposite Modified Electrode for Electrocatalytic Detection of Ascorbic Acid." Electroanalysis 26(1):178-183.  doi:10.1002/elan.201300343


  • Ge X, W Zhang, Y Lin, and D Du. 2013. "Magnetic Fe3O4@TiO2 Nanoparticles-based Test Strip Immunosensing Device for Rapid Detection of Phosphorylated Butyrylcholinesterase." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 50:486-491.  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2013.07.017
  • Walcarius A, SD Minteer, J Wang, Y Lin, and A Merkoci. 2013. "Nanomaterials for bio-functionalized electrodes: recent trends." Journal of Materials Chemistry B 1(38):4878-4908.  doi:10.1039/C3TB20881H
  • Wang Y, Z Li, TJ Weber, D Hu, CT Lin, J Li, and Y Lin. 2013. "In Situ Live Cell Sensing of Multiple Nucleotides Exploiting DNA/RNA Aptamers and Graphene Oxide Nanosheets." Analytical Chemistry 85(14):6775-6782.  doi:10.1021/ac400858g
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2013. "Recent Progress in Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of Materials Chemistry A 1(15):4631-4641.  doi:10.1039/C3TA01161E
  • Zhang W, X Ge, Y Tang, D Du, D Liu, and Y Lin. 2013. "Nanoparticle-Based Immunochromatographic Test Strip with Fluorescent Detector for Quantification of Phosphorylated Acetycholinesterase: An Exposure Biomarker of Organophosphorous Agents." Analyst 138(18):5431-5436.  doi:10.1039/c3an00621b
  • Zhang W, Y Tang, D Du, JN Smith, C Timchalk, D Liu, and Y Lin. 2013. "Direct analysis of trichloropyridinol in human saliva using an Au nanoparticles-based immunochromatographic test strip for biomonitoring of exposure to chlorpyrifos." Talanta 114:261-267.  doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2013.06.012
  • Zhang X, H Wang, C Yang, D Du, and Y Lin. 2013. "Preparation, characterization of Fe3O4 at TiO2 magnetic nanoparticles and their application for immunoassay of biomarker of exposure to organophosphorus pesticides." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 41:669-674.  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2012.09.047
  • Zhao J, M Liu, Y Zhang, H Li, Y Lin, and S Yao. 2013. "Apoferritin Protein Nanoparticles Dually labeled with Aptamer and Horseradish Peroxidase as a Sensing Probe for Thrombin Detection." Analytica Chimica Acta 759:53-60.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2012.10.041
  • Zhao Y, W Zhang, Y Lin, and D Du. 2013. "The Vital Function of Fe3O4@Au nanocomposites for Hydrolase Biosensor Design and Its Application in Detection of Methyl Parathion." Nanoscale 5(3):1121-1126.  doi:10.1039/C2NR33107A


  • Du D, Y Yang, and Y Lin. 2012. "Graphene-based Materials for Biosensing and Bioimaging." MRS Bulletin 37(12):1290-1296.  doi:10.1557/mrs.2012.209
  • Aryal UK, CT Lin, JS Kim, TH Heibeck, J Wang, W Qian, and Y Lin. 2012. "Identification of phosphorylated butyrylcholinesterase in human plasma using immunoaffinity purification and mass spectrometry." Analytica Chimica Acta 723:68-75. 
  • Chen A, D Du, and Y Lin. 2012. "Highly Sensitive and Selective Immuno-capture/Electrochemical Assay of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Red Blood Cells: A Biomarker of Exposure to Organophosphorus Pesticides and Nerve Agents." Environmental Science & Technology 46(3):1828-1833.  doi:10.1021/es202689u
  • Chen A, Y Bao, X Ge, Y Shin, D Du, and Y Lin. 2012. "Magnetic Particle-Based Immunoassay of Phosphorylated p53 Using Protein-Cage Templated Lead Phosphate and Carbon Nanospheres for Signal Amplification." RSC Advances 2(29):11029-11034.  doi:10.1039/C2RA20994B
  • Du D, J Wang, L Wang, D Lu, and Y Lin. 2012. "Integrated Lateral Flow Test Strip with Electrochemical Sensor for Quantification of Phosphorylated Cholinesterase: Biomarker of Exposure to Organophosphorus Agents." Analytical Chemistry 84(3):1380-1385.  doi:10.1021/ac202391w
  • Li HP, XY Zhang, XL Cui, and Y Lin. 2012. "TiO2 Nanotubes/MWCNTs Nanocomposite Photocatalysts: Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Under UV-Vis Light Illumination." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 12(3):1806-1811.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2012.5161
  • Liu X, JJ Xiang, Y Tang, XL Zhang, QQ Fu, JH Zou, and Y Lin. 2012. "Colloidal gold nanoparticle probe-based immunochromatographic assay for the rapid detection of chromium ions in water and serum samples." Analytica Chimica Acta 745:99-105.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2012.06.029
  • Nian HC, J Wang, HJ Wu, JG Lo, KH Chiu, JG Pounds, and Y Lin. 2012. "Electrochemical Immunoassay of Cotinine in Serum Based on Nanoparticle Probe and Immunochromatographic Strip ." Analytica Chimica Acta 713:50-55.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2011.11.028
  • Smith JN, J Wang, Y Lin, EM Klohe, and C Timchalk. 2012. "Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Chlorpyrifos and 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinol in Rat Saliva After Chlorpyrifos Administration." Toxicological Sciences 130(2):245-256.  doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfs251
  • Song P, XY Zhang, M Sun, XL Cui, and Y Lin. 2012. "Graphene oxide modified TiO2 nanotube arrays:enhanced visible light photoelectrochemical properties." Nanoscale 4(5):1800-1804.  doi:10.1039/C2NR11938B
  • Song P, XY Zhang, M Sun, XL Cui, and Y Lin. 2012. "Synthesis of graphene nanosheets via oxalic acid-induced chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide." RSC Advances 2(3):1168-1173.  doi:10.1039/C1RA00934F
  • Sun M, XY Zhang, J Li, XL Cui, and Y Lin. 2012. "Thermal formation of silicon-doped TiO2 thin films with enhanced visible light photoelectrochemical response." Electrochemistry Communications 16(1):26-29.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2011.12.015
  • Yang Y, H Tu, A Zhang, D Du, and Y Lin. 2012. "Preparation and Characterization of Au-ZrO2-SiO2 Nanocomposite Spheres and Their Application in Enrichment and Detection of Organophosphorus Agents." Journal of Materials Chemistry 22(11):4977-4981.  doi:10.1039/C2JM15129D
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, and GE Fryxell. 2012. "Electrochemical Sensors Based on Nanomaterials for Environmental Monitoring." Chapter 19 in Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents And Sensors, ed. GE Fryxell and G Cao, pp. 523-559.  2nd ed. Imperial College Press, London, United Kingdom. 
  • Zhang L, A Zhang, D Du, and Y Lin. 2012. "Biosensor based on Prussian blue nanocubes/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite for detection of organophosphorus pesticides." Nanoscale 4(15):4674-4679.  doi:10.1039/C2NR30976A
  • Zhang L, L Long, W Zhang, D Du, and Y Lin. 2012. "Study of Inhibition, Reactivation and Aging Processes of Pesticides Using Graphene Nanosheets/Gold Nanoparticles-Based Acetylcholinesterase Biosensor." Electroanalysis 24(8):1745-1750. 
  • Zou Z, J Wang, H Wang, YQ Li, and Y Lin. 2012. "An integrated electrochemical device based on immunochromatographic test strip and enzyme labels for sensitive detection of disease-related biomarkers ." Talanta 94:58-64. 


  • Belchik SM, DW Kennedy, A Dohnalkova, Y Wang, PC Sevinc, HJ Wu, Y Lin, HP Lu, JK Fredrickson, and L Shi. 2011. "Extracellular Reduction of Hexavalent Chromium by Cytochromes MtrC and OmcA of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1." Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77(12):4035-4041.  doi:10.1128/AEM.02463-10
  • Du D, A Chen, Y Xie, A Zhang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Nanoparticle-based immunosensor with apoferritin templated metallic phosphate label for quantification of phosphorylated acetylcholinesterase ." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 26(9):3857-3863 .  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2011.02.047
  • Du D, J Liu, XY Zhang, XL Cui, and Y Lin. 2011. "One-step electrochemical deposition of a graphene-ZrO2 nanocomposite: Preparation, characterization and application for detection of organophosphorus agents ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(22):8032-8037.  doi:10.1039/C1JM10696A
  • Li Z, Y Wang, D Du, Z Tang, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Functionalization of Graphene and Graphene Oxide for Biosensing and Imaging." In 11th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology (IEEE-NANO), August 15-18, 2011, Portland, Oregon, pp. 612-616.  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, NJ. 
  • Park SK, Y Shao, H Wan, PC Rieke, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, LV Saraf, J Liu, Y Lin, and Y Wang. 2011. "Design of graphene sheets-supported Pt catalyst layer in PEM fuel cells." Electrochemistry Communications 13(3):258-261.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2010.12.028
  • Park SK, Y Shao, R Kou, VV Viswanathan, SA Towne, PC Rieke, J Liu, Y Lin, and Y Wang. 2011. "Polarization Losses under Accelerated Stress Test Using Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Supported Pt Catalyst in PEM Fuel Cells." Journal of the Electrochemical Society 158(3):B297-302.  doi:10.1149/1.3530843
  • Du D, J Wang, L Wang, D Lu, JN Smith, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2011. "Magnetic Electrochemical Sensing Platform for Biomonitoring of Exposure to Organophosphorus Pesticides and Nerve Agents Based on Simultaneous Measurement of Total Enzyme Amount and Enzyme Activity ." Analytical Chemistry 83(10):3770-3777.  doi:10.1021/ac200217d
  • Du D, J Wang, D Lu, A Dohnalkova, and Y Lin. 2011. "Multiplexed Electrochemical Immunoassay of Phosphorylated Proteins Based on Enzyme-Functionalized Gold Nanorod Labels and Electric Field-Driven Acceleration." Analytical Chemistry 83(17):6580-6585.  doi:10.1021/ac2009977
  • Du D, L Wang, Y Shao, J Wang, MH Engelhard, and Y Lin. 2011. "Functionalized Graphene Oxide as a Nanocarrier in a Multienzyme Labeling Amplification Strategy for Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Immunoassay of Phosphorylated p53 (S392)." Analytical Chemistry 83(3):746-752.  doi:10.1021/ac101715s
  • Fu Z, G Shao, J Wang, D Lu, W Wang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Microfabricated Renewable Beads-Trapping/Releasing Flow Cell for Rapid Antigen-Antibody Reaction in Chemiluminescent Immunoassay." Analytical Chemistry 83(7):2685-2690. 
  • Kou R, Y Shao, D Mei, Z Nie, D Wang, CM Wang, VV Viswanathan, SK Park, IA Aksay, Y Lin, Y Wang, and J Liu. 2011. "Stabilization of Electrocatalytic Metal Nanoparticles at Metal-Metal Oxide-Graphene Triple Junction Points." Journal of the American Chemical Society 133(8):2541-2547.  doi:10.1021/ja107719u
  • Lu D, G Shao, D Du, J Wang, L Wang, W Wang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Enzyme entrapped nanoporous scaffolds formed through flow induced gelation in microfluidic filter device for sensitive biosensing of organophosphorus compounds ." Lab on a Chip 11(3):381-384.  doi:10.1039/C0LC00337A
  • Lu D, J Wang, L Wang, D Du, C Timchalk, RC Barry, and Y Lin. 2011. "A novel nanoparticle-based disposable electrochemical immunosensor for diagnosis of exposure to toxic organophosphorus agents." Advanced Functional Materials 21(22):4371-4378.  doi:10.1002/adfm.201100616
  • Ma Ham A, HJ Wu, J Wang, X Kang, Y Zhang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Apoferritin-based nanomedicine platform for drug delivery: equilibrium binding study of daunomycin with DNA." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(24):8700-8708 .  doi:10.1039/C0JM04321D
  • Shao G, J Wang, Z Li, LV Saraf, W Wang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Poly(dimethylsiloxane) microchip-based immunoassay with multiple reaction zones: Toward on-chip multiplex detection platform." Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical 159(1):44-50.  doi:10.1016/j.snb.2011.06.032
  • Shao G, Z Cai, J Wang, W Wang, and Y Lin. 2011. "A Pneumatic Actuated Microfluidic Beads-Trapping Device." In Proceedings of SPIE: Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems IX, January 23, 2011, San Francisco, California, vol. 7929, ed. H. Becker and B. L. Gray, p. Article No. 792908.  SPIE: The International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.878468
  • Tang Z, HJ Wu, Y Zhang, Z Li, and Y Lin. 2011. "The Enzyme-mimic Activity of Ferric Nano-Core Residing in Ferritin and Its Biosensing Applications." Analytical Chemistry 83(22):8611-8616.  doi:10.1021/ac202049q
  • Wang L, D Du, D Lu, CT Lin, JN Smith, C Timchalk, F Liu, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2011. "Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of organophosphorylated butyrylcholinesterase: A biomarker of exposure to organophosphate agents." Analytica Chimica Acta 693(1-2):1-6. 
  • Wang L, D Lu, J Wang, D Du, Z Zou, H Wang, JN Smith, C Timchalk, F Liu, and Y Lin. 2011. "A Novel Immunochromatographic Electrochemical Biosensor for Highly Sensitive and Selective Detection of Trichloropyridinol, a Biomarker of Exposure to Chlorpyrifos." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 26(6):2835-2840 .  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2010.11.008
  • Wang Y, Z Li, J Wang, J Li, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene and Graphene Oxide: Biofunctionalization and Applications in Biotechnology." Trends in Biotechnology 29(5):205-212.  doi:10.1016/j.tibtech.2011.01.008
  • Wang Y, S Zhang, D Du, Y Shao, Z Li, J Wang, MH Engelhard, J Li, and Y Lin. 2011. "Self assembly of acetylcholinesterase on a gold nanoparticles-graphene nanosheet hybrid for organophosphate pesticide detection using polyelectrolyte as a linker ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(14):5319-5325.  doi:10.1039/C0JM03441J
  • Xie Y, A Chen, D Du, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene-based immunosensor for electrochemical quantification of phosphorylated p53 (S15)." Analytica Chimica Acta 699(1):44-48.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2011.05.010
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Self-assembly of Pt nanoparticles on highly graphitized carbon nanotubes as an excellent oxygen-reduction catalyst." Applied Catalysis. B, Environmental 102(3-4):372-377.  doi:10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.11.029
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, H Liao, J Liu, IA Aksay, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene decorated with PtAu alloy nanoparticles: facile synthesis and promising application for formic acid oxidation." Chemistry of Materials 23(5):1079-1081. 
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, H Liao, MH Engelhard, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Polyelectrolyte-Induced Reduction of Exfoliated Graphite Oxide: A Facile Route to Synthesis of Soluble Graphene Nanosheets." ACS Nano 5(3):1785-1791.  doi:10.1021/nn102467s
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2011. "Graphene-Polypyrrole Nanocomposite as a Highly Efficient and Low Cost Electrically Switched Ion Exchanger for Removing ClO4- from Wastewater." ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3(9):3633-3637.  doi:10.1021/am200839m
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, Y Gao, G Chen, Y Lin, and G Yin. 2011. "In situ ion exchange preparation of Pt/carbon nanotubes electrode: Effect of two-step oxidation of carbon nanotubes." Journal of Power Sources 196(23):9955-9960.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.08.087
  • Zhang Y, Z Tang, J Wang, HJ Wu, CT Lin, and Y Lin. 2011. "Apoferritin Nanoparticle: A Novel and Biocompatible Carrier for Enzyme Immobilization with Enhanced Activity and Stability." Journal of Materials Chemistry 21(43):17468-17475.  doi:10.1039/c1jm11598g


  • Shao Y, S Zhang, MH Engelhard, G Li, G Shao, Y Wang, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped Graphene and Its Electrochemical Applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(35):7491-7496.  doi:10.1039/c0jm00782j
  • Shin Y, A Dohnalkova, and Y Lin. 2010. "Preparation of homogeneous gold-silver alloy nanoparticles using the apoferritin cavity as a nanoreactor." Journal of Physical Chemistry C 114(13):5985-5989.  doi:10.1021/jp911004a
  • Tang Z, H Wu, JR Cort, GW Buchko, Y Zhang, Y Shao, IA Aksay, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2010. "Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity." Small 6(11):1205-1209.  doi:10.1002/smll.201000024
  • Du D, M Wang, Y Qin, and Y Lin. 2010. "One-step electrochemical deposition of prussian blue-multiwalled carbon nanotube nanocomposite thin-film: preparation, characterization and evaluation for H2O2 sensing." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20:1532 - 1537.  doi:10.1039/b919500a
  • Du D, W Chen, W Zhang, D Liu, H Li, and Y Lin. 2010. "Covalent Coupling of Organophosphorus Hydrolase Loaded Quantum Dots to Carbon Nanotube/Au Nanocomposite for Enhanced Detection of Methyl Parathion." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(6):1370-1375. 
  • Du D, Z Zou, Y Shin, J Wang, H Wu, MH Engelhard, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Sensitive Immunosensor for Cancer Biomarker Based on Dual Signal Amplification Strategy of Graphene Sheets and Multi-Enzyme Functionalized Carbon Nanospheres ." Analytical Chemistry 82(7):2989-2995.  doi:10.1021/ac100036p
  • Kang X, J Wang, H Wu, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "A graphene-based electrochemical sensor for sensitive detection of paracetamol ." Talanta 81(3):754-759. 
  • Li Z, Y Wang, J Wang, Z Tang, JG Pounds, and Y Lin. 2010. "Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Protein Biomarker Using a Portable Fluorescence Biosensor based on Quantum Dots and a Lateral Flow Test Strip." Analytical Chemistry 82(16):7008-7014.  doi:10.1021/ac101405a
  • Liao H, H Wu, J Wang, J Liu, Y Jiang, S Sun, and Y Lin. 2010. "Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Myoglobin Immobilized on Graphene-CTAB-Ionic Liquid Nanocomposite Film." Electroanalysis 22(19):2297-2302.  doi:10.1002/elan.201000044
  • Liu G, X Mao, A Gurung, M Baloda, Y Lin, and Y He. 2010. "Nanomaterial-Based Electrochemical Biosensors and Bioassays." Chapter 3 in Trace Analysis with Nanomaterials, ed. DT Pierce and JX Zhao, pp. 61-88.  Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany. 
  • Pinwattana K, J Wang, CT Lin, H Wu, D Du, Y Lin, and O Chailapakul. 2010. "CdSe/ZnS quantum dots based electrochemical immunoassay for the detection of phosphorylated bovine serum albumin." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 26(3):1109-1113 .  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2010.08.021
  • Punckt C, MA Pope, J Liu, Y Lin, and IA Aksay. 2010. "Electrochemical Performance of Graphene as Effected by Electrode Porosity and Graphene Functionalization." Electroanalysis 22(23):2834-2841. 
  • Punckt C, MA Pope, J Liu, Y Lin, and IA Aksay. 2010. "Electrochemical Performance of Graphene as Effected by Electrode Porosity and Graphene Functionalization ." Electroanalysis 22(23):2834-2841.  doi:10.1002/elan.201000367
  • Shao G, W Wang, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Design and Fabrication of a PDMS Microchip Based Immunoassay." In Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems VIII: Proceedings of the SPIE, vol. 7593, ed. H Becker and W Wang, p. Paper No. 75930Q.  SPIE, Bellingham, WA.  doi:10.1117/12.847138
  • Shao Y, J Wang, H Wu, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2010. "Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors and Biosensors: A Review." Electroanalysis 22(10):1027-1036.  doi:10.1002/elan.200900571
  • Shao Y, J Wang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(4):743-748. 
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, CM Wang, Z Nie, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Highly durable graphene nanoplatelets supported Pt nanocatalysts for oxygen reduction ." Journal of Power Sources 195(15):4600-4605. 
  • Shao Y, S Zhang, R Kou, X Wang, CM Wang, S Dai, VV Viswanathan, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Noncovalently functionalized graphitic mesoporous carbon as a stable support of Pt nanoparticles for oxygen reduction." Journal of Power Sources 195(7 SP ISS):1805-1811. 
  • Shao Y, X Wang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, S Dai, J Liu, Z Yang, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-doped mesoporous carbon for energy storage in vanadium redox flow batteries." Journal of Power Sources 195(13):4375-4379. 
  • Smith JN, J Wang, Y Lin, and C Timchalk. 2010. "Pharmacokinetics of the Chlorpyrifos Metabolite 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-Pyridinol (TCPy) in Rat Saliva." Toxicological Sciences 132(2):315-325. 
  • Tang Z, H Wu, D Du, J Wang, H Wang, W Qian, DJ Bigelow, JG Pounds, RD Smith, and Y Lin. 2010. "Sensitive Immunoassays of Nitrated Fibrinogen in Human Biofluids." Talanta 81(4-5):1662-1669. 
  • Wang Y, Y Shao, DW Matson, J Li, and Y Lin. 2010. "Nitrogen-Doped Graphene and its Application in Electrochemical Biosensing." ACS Nano 4(4):1790-1798. 
  • Wang Y, Z Li, D Hu, CT Lin, J Li, and Y Lin. 2010. "Aptamer/Graphene Oxide Nanocomplex for In Situ Molecular Probing in Living Cells." Journal of the American Chemical Society 132(27):9274-9276.  doi:10.1021/ja103169v
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Carbon nanotubes decorated with Pt nanoparticles via electrostatic self-assembly: a highly active oxygen reduction electrocatalyst ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(15):2826-2830.  doi:10.1039/b919494k
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Pt-around-Au Nanocomposite with High Activity towards Formic Acid Oxidation." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 49(12):2211-2214.  doi:10.1002/anie.200906987
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Facile synthesis of PtAu alloy nanoparticles with high activity for formic acid oxidation." Journal of Power Sources 195(4):1103-1106 .  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.08.054
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, X Li, Z Nie, Y Wang, J Liu, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2010. "Low-cost and durable catalyst support for fuel cells: graphite submicronparticles." Journal of Power Sources 195(2):457-460.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.08.012
  • Zhang XY, HP Li, XL Cui, and Y Lin. 2010. "Graphene/TiO2 Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization and Application in Hydrogen Evolution from Water Photocatalytic Splitting." Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(14):2801-2806. 
  • Zhang Y, Z Tang, J Wang, H Wu, A Ma Ham, and Y Lin. 2010. "Hairpin DNA Switch for Ultrasensitive Spectrophotometric Detection of DNA Hybridization Based on Gold Nanoparticles and Enzyme Signal Amplification." Analytical Chemistry 82(15):6440-6446.  doi:10.1021/ac1006238
  • Zhao N, Y He, X Mao, Y Sun, X Zhang, CZ Li, Y Lin, and G Liu. 2010. "Electrochemical assay of active prostate-specific antigen (PSA) using ferrocene-functionalized peptide probes ." Electrochemistry Communications 12(3):471-474. 
  • Zou Z, D Du, J Wang, JN Smith, C Timchalk, YQ Li, and Y Lin. 2010. "Quantum Dot-Based Immunochromatographic Fluorescent Biosensor for Biomonitoring Trichloropyridinol, a Biomarker of Exposure to Chlorpyrifos." Analytical Chemistry 82(12):5125-5133.  doi:10.1021/ac100260m


  • Barry RC, Y Lin, J Wang, G Liu, and C Timchalk. 2009. "Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical Exposures ." Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 19:1-18.  doi:10.1038/jes.2008.71
  • Lin Y, and HS Nalwa. 2009. Handbook of Electrochemical Nanotechnology, vol. I-II, American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA. 
  • Lin Y, and X Cui. 2009. "Nanocarbon-Based Nanocatalysts: Synthesis and Applications in Fuel Cells." Chapter 7 in Handbook of Electrochemical Nanotechnology, vol. I, ed. Yuehe Lin and H.S. Nalwa, pp. 145-164.  American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA. 
  • Lin Y, W Yantasee, F Lu, J Wang, M Musameh, Y Tu, and Z Ren. 2009. "Biosensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes." Chapter 39 in Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. CI Contescu and K Putyera, pp. 428-440.  2nd ed. Taylor and Francis, New York, NY. 
  • Lin Y, X Ye, and CM Wai. 2009. "Nanostructured Materials: Symthesis in Supercritical Fluids." Chapter 263 in Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. CI Contescu and K Putyera, pp. 3040-3051.  2nd ed. Taylor and Francis, New York, NY. 
  • Shao Y, MH Engelhard, and Y Lin. 2009. "Electrochemical investigation of polyhalide ion oxidation-reduction on carbon nanotube electrodes for redox flow batteries." Electrochemistry Communications 11(10):2064-2067.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2009.08.053
  • Wang J, and Y Lin. 2009. "Nanomaterial-Based Biosensors for Detection of Pesticides and Explosives." Chapter 26 in Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water, ed. N. Savage, et al, pp. 377-390.  William Andrew, Nowich, NY. 
  • Wang J, G Liu, H Wu, and Y Lin. 2009. "Biosensors Based on Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes, Nanoparticles, and Nanowires." Chapter 4 in Handbook of Electrochemical Nanotechnology, vol. II, ed. Yuehe Lin and H. S. Nalwa, pp. 95-111.  American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA. 
  • Du D, J Wang, JN Smith, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2009. "Biomonitoring of Organophosphorus Agent Exposure by Reactivation of Cholinesterase Enzyme Based on Carbon Nanotube-Enhanced Flow-Injection Amperometric Detection ." Analytical Chemistry 81(22):9314-9320. 
  • Fryxell GE, Y Lin, and W Yantasee. 2009. "Electrochemical Sensors: Functionalized Silica." Chapter 105 in Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. CI Contescu and K Putyera, pp. 1196-1206.  2nd ed. Taylor and Francis, New York, NY. 
  • Kang X, J Wang, H Wu, IA Aksay, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2009. "Glucose oxidase-graphene-chitosan modified electrode for direct electrochemistry and glucose sensing." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 25(4):901-905.  doi:10.1016/j.bios.2009.09.004
  • Kang X, J Wang, Z Tang, H Wu, and Y Lin. 2009. "Direct electrochemistry and electrocatalysis of horseradish peroxidase immobilized in hybrid organic-inorganic film of chitosan/sol-gel/carbon nanotubes." Talanta 78(1):120-125. 
  • Kou R, Y Shao, D Wang, MH Engelhard, JH Kwak, J Wang, VV Viswanathan, CM Wang, Y Lin, Y Wang, IA Aksay, and J Liu. 2009. "Enhanced Activity and Stability of Pt catalysts on Functionalized Graphene Sheets for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reduction ." Electrochemistry Communications 11(5):954-957. 
  • Li J, and Y Lin. 2009. "Nanomaterials for Sensing and Electrocatalysis." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(4):2173-2174. 
  • Li Z, X Cui, and Y Lin. 2009. "Electrochemically synthesized ordered TiO2 and platinum nanocomposite electrode: preparation, characterization, and application to photoelectrocatalytic methanol oxidation." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(4):2297-2302. 
  • Li Z, X Cui, X Zhang, Q Wang, Y Shao, and Y Lin. 2009. " Pt/Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposites as Electrocatalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Prominent Effects of Carbon Nanofiber Nanostructures ." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(4):2316-2323. 
  • Lin Y, J Wang, G Liu, and C Timchalk. 2009. "Portable Analytical Systems for On-Site Diagnosis of Exposure to Pesticides and Nerve Agents." Chapter 7 in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Chemical and Biological Defense, ACS Sympoisum Series, vol. 1016, ed. R. Nagarajan, W. Zukas, T. A. Hatton, S. Lee, pp. 85-98.  Oxford University Press, DC. 
  • Lin Y, D Choi, J Wang, and JR Bontha. 2009. "Nanomaterials-Enhanced Electrically Switched Ion Exchange Process for Water Treatment." Chapter 14 in Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water, ed. M. Savage, et al, pp. 179-189.  William Andrew, Norwich, NY. 
  • Ma Ham A, Z Tang, H Wu, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "Protein-Based Nanomedicine Platforms for Drug Delivery." Small 5(15):1706-1721.  doi:10.1002/smll.200801602
  • Miao Y, H Wang, Y Shao, Z Tang, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "Layer-By-Layer Assembled Hybrid Film of Carbon Nanotubes/Iron Oxide Nanocrystals for Reagentless Electrochemical Detection of H2O2." Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical 138(1):182-188. 
  • Shao Y, J Wang, R Kou, MH Engelhard, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "The Corrosion of PEM Fuel Cell Catalyst Supports and Its Implications for Developing Durable Catalysts." Electrochimica Acta 54:3109-3114. 
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, CM Wang, VV Vishwanathan, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2009. "The durability dependence of Pt/CNT electrocatalysts on the nanostructures of carbon nanotubes: hollow- and bamboo-CNTs." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(10):5811-5815. 
  • Wang H, J Wang, D Choi, Z Tang, H Wu, and Y Lin. 2009. "EQCM Immunoassay for Phosphorylated Acetylcholinesterase as a Biomarker for Organophosphate Exposures Based on Selective Zirconia Adsorption and Enzyme-Catalytic Precipitation ." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 24(8):2377-2383. 
  • Wu H, J Wang, X Kang, CM Wang, D Wang, J Liu, IA Aksay, and Y Lin. 2009. "Glucose Biosensor Based on Immobilization of Glucose Oxidase in Platinum Nanoparticles/Graphene/Chitosan Nanocomposite Film." Talanta 80(1):403-406.  doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2009.06.054
  • Ye S, F Wu, X Ye, and Y Lin. 2009. "Supercritical Fluid Assisted Synthesis and Processing of Carbon Nanotubes ." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(5):2781-2794. 
  • Zhang S, Y Shao, G Yin, and Y Lin. 2009. "Stabilization of Platinum Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction Using Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19(42):7995 - 8001.  doi:10.1039/b912104h


  • Shao Y, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2008. "Novel Catalyst Support Materials for PEM Fuel Cells: Current Status and Future Prospects." Journal of Materials Chemistry 19(1):46-59.  doi:10.1039/b808370c
  • Wang J, and Y Lin. 2008. "Functionalized carbon nanotubes and nanofibers for biosensing applications." Trends in Analytical Chemistry. TrAC 27(7):619-626.  doi:10.1016/j.trac.2008.05.009
  • Wang J, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2008. "Carbon Nanotube-Based Electrochemical Sensor for Assay of Salivary Cholinesterase Enzyme Activity: An Exposure Biomarker of Organophosphate Pesticides and Nerve Agents." Environmental Science & Technology 42(7):2688-2693.  doi:10.1021/es702335y
  • Wang J, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Enzymes on Carbon Nanotubes." Chapter 6 in Biomolecular Catalysis: Nanoscale Science and Technology, vol. ACS Symposium Series 986, ed. J Kim, SH Kim, P Wang, pp. 117-128.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 
  • Wang J, G Liu, H Wu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Quantum-Dot-Based Electrochemical Immunoassay for High-Throughput Screening of the Prostate-Specific Antigen." Small 4(1):82-86.  doi:10.1002/smll.200700459
  • Wang J, G Liu, H Wu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Sensitive electrochemical immunoassay for 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene based on functionalized silica nanoparticle labels." Analytica Chimica Acta 610(1):112-118.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.024
  • Chen G, and Y Lin. 2008. "Electrochemical Techniques." In Encyclopedia of Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, ed. D. Li, pp. 469-474.  Springer, New York , NY. 
  • King DL, JJ Strohm, X Wang, HS Roh, CM Wang, YH Chin, Y Wang, Y Lin, RT Rozmiarek, and P Singh. 2008. "Effect of Nickel Microstructure on Methane Steam-Reforming Activity of Ni-YSZ Cermet Anode Catalyst ." Journal of Catalysis 258(2):356-365.  doi:10.1016/j.jcat.2008.06.031
  • Lee AC, G Liu, CK Heng, SN Tan, TM Lim, and Y Lin. 2008. "Sensitive electrochemical detection of horseradish peroxidase at disposable screen-printed carbon electrode." Electroanalysis 20(18):2040-2046. 
  • Lee AC, Z Dai, B Chen, H Wu, J Wang, A Zhang, L Zhang, TM Lim, and Y Lin. 2008. "Electrochemical Branched-DNA Assay for Polymerase Chain Reaction-Free Detection and Quantification of Oncogenes in Messenger RNA." Analytical Chemistry 80(24):9402-9410.  doi:10.1021/ac801263r
  • Lin Y, J Wang, H Wang, H Wu, and Z Tang. 2008. "Nanoparticles for Enhanced Sensitivity in Electrochemical Immunoassays." In Chemical Sensors 8: Chemical Sensors and Analytical Systems. ECS Transactions., vol. 16, no. 11, ed. R. Mukundan, et al, pp. 477-482.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Lin YY, J Wang, G Liu, H Wu, CM Wai, and Y Lin. 2008. "A nanoparticle label/immunochromatographic electrochemical biosensor for rapid and sensitive detection of prostate-specific antigen ." Biosensors and Bioelectronics 23(11):1659-1665. 
  • Lin YY, G Liu, CM Wai, and Y Lin. 2008. "Bioelectrochemical Immunoassay of Polychlorinated Biphenyl." Analytica Chimica Acta 612:23-28.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2008.01.080
  • Liu G, J Wang, RC Barry, CE Petersen, C Timchalk, PL Gassman, and Y Lin. 2008. "Nanoparticle-Based Electrochemical Immunosensor for the Detection of Phosphorylated Acetylcholinesterase: An Exposure Biomarker of Organophosphate Pesticides and Nerve AgentsOrganophosphate Pesticides and Nerve Agents ." Chemistry - a European Journal 14(32):9951-9959.  doi:10.1002/chem.200800412
  • Mao X, G Liu, S Wang, Y Lin, A Zhang, L Zhang, and Y Ma. 2008. "Ultrasensitive Electrochemical Detection of mRNA Using Branched DNA Amplifiers." Electrochemistry Communications 10(12):1847-1850.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2008.09.028
  • Mao X, M Baloda, A Gurung, Y Lin, and G Liu. 2008. " Multiplex Electrochemical Immunoassay Using Gold Nanoparticle Probes and Immunochromatographic Strips ." Electrochemistry Communications 10(10):1636-1640.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2008.08.032
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, JH Kwak, VV Viswanathan, Y Wang, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Fast test for the durability of PEM fuel cell catalysts." In Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells 8. ECS Transactions, vol. 16, no. 2, ed. T. Fuller, et al, pp. 361-366.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ.  doi:10.1149/1.2981870
  • Shao Y, R Kou, J Wang, VV Viswanathan, JH Kwak, J Liu, Y Wang, and Y Lin. 2008. "The influence of the electrochemical stressing (potential step and potential-static holding) on the degradation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell electrocatalysts." Journal of Power Sources 185(1):280-286.  doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.07.008
  • Wang H, J Wang, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2008. "Magnetic Electrochemical Immunoassays with Quantum Dot Labels for Detection of Phosphorylated Acetylcholinesterase in Plasma." Analytical Chemistry 80(22):8477-8484.  doi:10.1021/ac801211s
  • Wang S, X Zhang, X Mao, Q Zeng, H Xu, Y Lin, W Chen, and G Liu. 2008. "Electrochemical Immunoassay of Carcinoembryonic Antigen Based on A Lead Sulfide Nanoparticle Label." Nanotechnology 19(43):Art. No. 435501.  doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/43/435501
  • Wu H, J Wang, Z Wang, DR Fisher, and Y Lin. 2008. "Apoferritin-Templated Yttrium Phosphate Nanoparticle Conjugates for Radioimmunotherapy of Cancers." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 8(5):2316-2322.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2008.177
  • Wu H, MH Engelhard, J Wang, DR Fisher, and Y Lin. 2008. "Synthesis of Lutetium Phosphate/Apoferritin Core-Shell Nanoparticles for Potential Applications in Radioimmunoimaging and Radioimmunotherapy of Cancers." Journal of Materials Chemistry 18(15):1779-1783. 
  • Wu H, Q Huo, SM Varnum, G Liu, J Wang, Z Nie, J Liu, and Y Lin. 2008. "Dye-Doped Silica Nanoparticle Labels/Protein Microarray for Detection of Protein Biomarkers." The Analyst 133:1550 - 1555.  doi:10.1039/b719810h
  • Yantasee W, B Charnhattakorn, GE Fryxell, Y Lin, C Timchalk, and RS Addleman. 2008. "Detection of Cd, Pb, and Cu in non-pretreated natural waters and urine with thiol functionalized mesoporous silica and Nafion composite electrodes." Analytica Chimica Acta (620):55-63.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2008.05.029


  • Timchalk C, JA Campbell, G Liu, Y Lin, and AA Kousba. 2007. "Development of a Non-Invasive Biomonitoring Approach to Determine Exposure to the Organophosphorus Insecticide Chlorpyrifos in Rat Saliva." Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 219(2-3):217-225.  doi:10.1016/j.taap.2006.10.002
  • Wang J, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2007. "Immunosensors Based on Functional Nanoparticle Labels." In ECS Transactions, vol. 2, no. 19, pp. 1-7.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ.  doi:10.1149/1.2408982
  • Wang J, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2007. "Nanotubes, Nanowires, and Nanocantilevers in Biosensor Development." Chapter 3 in Nanomaterials for Biosensors, Nanotechnologies for Life Sciences, vol. 8, ed. Challa S.S.R. Kumar, pp. 56-100.  Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany. 
  • Chen G, X Xu, Y Lin, and J Wang. 2007. "A Sol-Gel-Modified Poly(methyl methacrylate) Electrophoresis Microchip with a Hydrophilic Channel Wall." Chemistry - a European Journal 13(22):6461-6467.  doi:10.1002/chem.200700242
  • Chen J, Y Lin, and G Chen. 2007. "Fabrication of Poly(methyl Methacrylate) microfluidic chips by redox-initiated polymerization." Electrophoresis 28(16):2897-2903. 
  • Fryxell GE, SV Mattigod, Y Lin, H Wu, SK Fiskum, KE Parker, F Zheng, W Yantasee, TS Zemanian, RS Addleman, J Liu, J Xu, KM Kemner, S Kelly, and X Feng. 2007. "Design and Synthesis of Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS): The Importance of Ligand Posture in Functional Nanomaterials." Journal of Materials Chemistry 17:2863-2874.  doi:10.1039/b702422c
  • Li Z, X Cui, J Zheng, Q Wang, and Y Lin. 2007. "Effects of Microstructure of Carbon Nanofibers for Amperometric Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide." Analytica Chimica Acta 597(2):238-244.  doi:10.1016/j.aca.2007.06.046
  • Lin YY, G Liu, CM Wai, and Y Lin. 2007. "Magnetic Beads-based Bioelectrochemical Immunoassay of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons." Electrochemistry Communications 9(7):1547-1552.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2007.02.007
  • Liu G, J Wang, H Wu, YY Lin, and Y Lin. 2007. "Nanovehicles based Bioassay Labels." Electroanalysis 19(7-8):777-785.  doi:10.1002/elan.200603787
  • Liu G, J Wang, Y Lin, and J Wang. 2007. "Nanoparticle-Based Biosensors and Bioassays." Chapter 14 in Electrochemical Sensors, Biosensors and their Biomedical Applications, ed. X. Zhang, H. Ju, J. Wang, pp. 441-457.  Academic Press, Boston, MA. 
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2007. "Electrochemical Quantification of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Using Nanoparticle Probes." Journal of the American Chemical Society 129(34):10394-10401.  doi:10.1021/ja070429r
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2007. "Nanomaterial Labels in Electrochemical Immunosensors and Immunoassays." Talanta 74(3):308-317.  doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2007.10.014
  • Liu G, H Wu, A Dohnalkova, and Y Lin. 2007. "Apoferritin-Templated Synthesis of Encoded Metallic Phosphate Nanoparticle Tags." Analytical Chemistry 79(15):5614-5619.  doi:10.1021/ac070086f
  • Liu G, YY Lin, J Wang, H Wu, CM Wai, and Y Lin. 2007. "Disposable Electrochemical Immunosensor Diagnosis Device Based on Nanoparticle Probe and Immunochromatographic Strip." Analytical Chemistry 79(20):7644-7653.  doi:10.1021/ac070691i
  • Wu H, G Liu, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2007. "Quantum-Dots Based Electrochemical Immunoassay of Interleukin-1a." Electrochemistry Communications 9(7):1573-1577.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2007.02.024
  • Yantasee W, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2007. "Microanalyzer for Biomonitoring of Lead (Pb) in Blood and Urine ." Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 387(1):335-341.  doi:10.1007/s00216-006-0940-1
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, and GE Fryxell. 2007. "Electrochemical sensors based on nanomaterials for environmental monitoring ." Chapter 15 in Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents And Sensors, ed. Glen E. Fryxell and Guozhong Cao, pp. 401-438.  Imperial College Press, London, United Kingdom. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, K Hongsirikarn, GE Fryxell, RS Addleman, and C Timchalk. 2007. "Electrochemical Sensors for the Detection of Lead and Other Toxic Heavy Metals: The Next Generation of Personal Exposure Biomonitors." Environmental Health Perspectives 115(12):1683-1690. 


  • Lin Y, and X Cui. 2006. "Electrosynthesis, Characterization, and Application of Novel Hybrid Materials Based on Carbon Nanotube-Polyaniline-Nickel Hexacyanoferrate Nanocomposites." Journal of Materials Chemistry 16(6):585-592. 
  • Lin Y, X Cui, and JR Bontha. 2006. "Electrically Controlled Anion Exchange Based on Polypyrrole and Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposite for Perchlorate Removal ." Environmental Science and Technology 40(12):4004-4009. 
  • Timchalk C, Y Lin, KK Weitz, H Wu, RA Gies, DA Moore, and W Yantasee. 2006. "Disposition of Lead (Pb) in Saliva and Blood of Sprague-Dawley Rats Following a Single or Repeated Oral Exposure to Pb-Acetate." Toxicology 222(1-2):86-94.  doi:10.1016/j.tox.2006.01.030
  • Wang J, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2006. "Amperometric Choline Biosensor Fabricated through Electrostatic Assembly of Bienzyme/Polyelectrolyte Hybrid Layers on Carbon Nanotubes." Analyst 131(4):477-483.  doi: 10.1039/b516038c
  • Wang J, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2006. "Electroactive Silica Nanoparticles for Biological Labeling." Small 2(10):1134-1138. 
  • Wang J, G Liu, MH Engelhard, and Y Lin. 2006. "Sensitive Immunoassay of a Biomarker Tumor Necrosis Factor-[alpha] Based on Poly(guanine)-Functionalized Silica Nanoparticle Label." Analytical Chemistry 78(19):6974-6979.  doi:10.1021/ac060809f
  • Chen G, Y Lin, and J Wang. 2006. "Microchip Capillary Electrophoresis with Electrochemical Detection for Monitoring Environmental Pollutants." Current Analytical Chemistry 2(1):43-50. 
  • Chen G, Y Lin, and J Wang. 2006. "Monitoring environmental pollutants by microchip capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection ." Talanta 68(3):497-503. 
  • Chen G, and Y Lin. 2006. "Microfabricated Devices for Sample Extraction, Concentrations, and Related Sample Processing Technologies." Chapter 8 in Bio-MEMS: Technologies and Applications, ed. W Wang and SA Soper, pp. 213-236.  CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Cui X, MH Engelhard, and Y Lin. 2006. "Preparation, Characterization and Anion Exchange Properties of Polypyrrole/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6(2):547-553. 
  • Jiang M, and Y Lin. 2006. "Carbon Nanotube Based Sensors." In Encyclopedia of Sensors, vol. 2, ed. C. A. Grimes, E. C. Dickey, and M. V. Pishko, pp. 25-51.  American Scientific Publishers, Stevenson Ranch, CA. 
  • Lin Y, G Liu, and J Wang. 2006. "Biosensors Fabricated through Electrostatic Assembly of Enzymes/Polyelectrolyte Hybrid Layers on Carbon Nanotubes." In Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings of the 2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show 2006, vol. 2, ed. M. Laudon, B. Romanowicz, pp. 252-255.  Nano Science & Technology Institute, Cambridge, MA. 
  • Lin Y, X Cui, J Wang, C Yen, and CM Wai. 2006. "Pt and Pt-Ru/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid as Electrocatalysts for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells ." In Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings of the 2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, vol. 1, ed. M. Laudon, B. Romanowicz, pp. 524-527.  Nano Science & Technology Institute, Cambridge, MA. 
  • Liu G, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2006. "Bioelectrochemical Magnetic Immunosensing of Trichloropyridinol: A Potential Insecticide Biomarker." Electroanalysis 18(16):1605-1613. 
  • Liu G, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2006. "Nanoparticle Labels/ Electrochemical Immunosensor for Detection of Biomarkers." In Nanotech 2006 Technical Proceedings of the 2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, vol. 2, ed. M. Lauden, R. Romanowicz, pp. 192-195.  Nano Science & Technology Institute, Cambridge, MA. 
  • Liu G, J Wang, AS Lea, and Y Lin. 2006. "Bioassay Labels Based on Apoferritin Nanovehicles." Chembiochem 7(9):1315-1319.  doi:10.1002/cbic.200600225
  • Liu G, J Wang, DS Wunschel, and Y Lin. 2006. "Electrochemical Proteolytic Beacon for Detection of Matrix Metalloproteinase Activities ." Journal of the American Chemical Society 128(38):12382-12383.  doi:10.1021/ja0626638
  • Liu G, J Wang, H Wu, and Y Lin. 2006. "Versatile Apoferritin Nanoparticle Labels for Assay of Protein ." Analytical Chemistry 78(21):7417-7423.  doi:10.1021/ac060653j
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2006. "Amperometric Glucose Biosensor Based on Self-Assembling Glucose Oxidase on Carbon Nanotubes." Electrochemistry Communications 8:251-256. 
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2006. "Biosensor Based on Self-Assembling Acetylcholinesterase on Carbon Nanotubes for Flow injection/Amperometric Detection of Organophosphate Pesticides and Nerve Agents." Analytical Chemistry 78(3):835-843.  doi:10.1021/ac051559q
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2006. "Carbon Nanotube Templated Asembly of Protein." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6(4):948-953. 
  • Liu G, H Wu, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2006. "Apoferritin Templated Synthesis of Metal Phosphate Nanoparticle Labels for Electrochemical Immunoassay." Small 2(10):1139-1143. 
  • Wang J, D Lu, S Thongngamdee, Y Lin, and OA Sadik. 2006. "Catalytic Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetric Measurements of Trace Vanadium at Bismuth Film Electrodes ." Talanta 69(4):914-917. 
  • Yantasee W, GE Fryxell, and Y Lin. 2006. "Voltammetric Analysis of Europium at Screen-Printed Electrodes Modified with Salicylamide Self-Assembled on Mesoporous Silica." Analyst 131(12):1342-1346.  doi:10.1039/b609211j


  • Lin Y, and X Cui. 2005. "Novel Hybrid Materials with High Stability for Electrically Switched Ion Exchange: Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline/Nickel Hexacyanoferrate Nanocomposites." Chemical Communications (17):2226-2228.  doi:10.1039/b500417a
  • Lin Y, SK Fiskum, W Yantasee, H Wu, SV Mattigod, ER Vorpagel, GE Fryxell, KN Raymond, and J Xu. 2005. "Incorporation of Hydroxypyridinone (HOPO) Ligands into Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports for Selective Actinide Sequestration." Environmental Science and Technology 39(5):1332-1337.  doi:10.1021/es049169t
  • Lin Y, W Yantasee, and J Wang. 2005. "Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) for the Development of Electrochemical Biosensors ." Frontiers in Bioscience 10(1):492-505. 
  • Lin Y, X Cui, and L Li. 2005. "Low-potential Amperometric Determination of Hydrogen Peroxide with a Carbon Paste Electrode Modified with Nanostructured Cryptomelane-type Manganese Oxides." Electrochemistry Communications 7(2):166-172. 
  • Lin Y, X Cui, and X Ye. 2005. "Electrocatalytic Reactivity for Oxygen Reduction of Palladium-Modified Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid." Electrochemistry Communications 7(3):267-274. 
  • Lin Y, X Cui, C Yen, and CM Wai. 2005. "Platinum/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid as Electrocatalysts for Low-Temperature Fuel Cells." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109(30):14410-14415. 
  • Lin Y, X Cui, C Yen, and CM Wai. 2005. "PtRu/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Synthesized in Supercritical Fluid: A Novel Electrocatalyst for Direct Methanol Fuel Cell." Langmuir 21(24):11474-11479. 
  • Cui X, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2005. "Amperometric Biosensors Based on Carbon Paste Electrodes Modified with Nanostructured Mixed-valence Manganese Oxides and Glucose Oxidase." Nanomedicine 1(2):130-135. 
  • Cui X, G Liu, and Y Lin. 2005. "Biosensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes/Nickel Hexacyanoferrate/Glucose Oxidase Nanocomposites." Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology 1(3):320-327. 
  • Cui X, G Liu, L Li, W Yantasee, and Y Lin. 2005. "Electrochemical Sensor Based on Carbon Paste Electrode Modified with Nanostructured Crypotomelane-Type Manganese Oxides for Detection of Heavy Metals." Sensor Letters 3(1):16-21.  doi:10.1166/sl.2005.004
  • Deo RP, J Wang, I Block, A Mulchandani, K Joshi, M Trojanowicz, F Scholz, W Chen, and Y Lin. 2005. "Determination of Organophosphate Pesticides at a Carbon Nanotube/Organophosphorus Hydrolase Electrochemical Biosensor." Analytica Chimica Acta 530(2):185-189. 
  • Fryxell GE, Y Lin, SK Fiskum, JC Birnbaum, H Wu, KM Kemner, and S Kelly. 2005. "Actinide Sequestration Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports." Environmental Science and Technology 39(5):1324-1331. 
  • Lin L, NS Lawrence, S Thongngamdee, J Wang, and Y Lin. 2005. "Catalytic Adsorptive Stripping Determination of Trace Chromium (VI) at Bismuth Film Electrodes." Talanta 65(1):144-148. 
  • Lin L, S Thongngamdee, J Wang, Y Lin, OA Sadik, and SY Ly. 2005. "Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetric Measurements of Trace Uranium at the Bismuth Film Electrode." Analytica Chimica Acta 535(1-2):9-13. 
  • Liu G, Y Lin, V Ostatna, and J Wang. 2005. "Enzyme Nanoparticles-Based Electronic Biosensor." Chemical Communications 2005(27):3481-3483.  doi:10.1039/b504943a
  • Liu G, Y Lin, Y Tu, and Z Ren. 2005. "Ultrasensitive Voltammetric Detection of Trace Heavy Metal Ions Using Carbon Nanotube Nanoelectrode Array." Analyst 130(7):1098-1101.  doi:10.1039/b419447k
  • Liu G, SL Riechers, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2005. "Sequential Injection/Electrochemical Immunoassay for Quantifying the Pesticide Metabolite 3, 5, 6-Trichloro-2-Pyridinol." Electrochemistry Communications 7(12):1463-1470. 
  • Liu G, SL Riechers, MC Mellen, and Y Lin. 2005. "Sensitive Electrochemical Detection of Enzymatically-generated Thiocholine at Carbon Nanotube Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode." Electrochemistry Communications 7(11):1163-1169. 
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2005. "A Renewable Electrochemical Magnetic Immunosensor Based on Gold Nanoparticle Labels." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 5(7):1060-1065. 
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2005. "Electrochemical Sensor for Organophosphate Pesticides and Nerve Agents Using Zirconia Nanoparticles as Selective Sorbents ." Analytical Chemistry 77(18):5894-5901. 
  • Liu G, and Y Lin. 2005. "Electrochemical Stripping Analysis of Organophosphate Pesticides and Nerve Agents." Electrochemistry Communications 7(4):339-343. 
  • Lu F, K Wang, and Y Lin. 2005. "Rapid, quantitative and sensitive immunochromatographic assay based on stripping voltammetric detection of a metal ion label." Analyst 130(11):1513-1517. 
  • Mattigod SV, GE Fryxell, KE Parker, and Y Lin. 2005. "Application of Novel Nanoporous Sorbents for the Removal of Heavy Metals, Metalloids, and Radionuclides." Chapter 19 in Trace Elements in the Environment, ed. MNV Prasad, KS Sajwan, R Naidu, pp. 369-380.  Taylor and Francis, Boca Raton, FL. 
  • Tu Y, Y Lin, W Yantasee, and Z Ren. 2005. "Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation and Application in Voltammetric Analysis." Electroanalysis 17(1):79-84. 
  • Wang L, J Luo, MM Maye, Q Fan, Q Rendeng, JQ Wang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, Y Lin, EI Altman, and CJ Zhong. 2005. "Synthesis and Characterization of Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles." Chapter I4.12 in Fabrication and New Applications of Nanomagnetic Structures, MRS Proceedings, vol. 853E, ed. J-P. Wang, P.J. Ryan, K. Nielsch, Z. Cheng.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Wang L, J Luo, MM Maye, Q Fan, R Qiang, MH Engelhard, CM Wang, Y Lin, and CJ Zhong. 2005. "Iron Oxide-Gold Core-Shell Nanoparticles and Thin-Film Assembly." Journal of Materials Chemistry 15(18):1821-1832. 
  • Wang LY, J Luo, Q Fan, M Suzuki, IS Suzuki, MH Engelhard, Y Lin, N Kim, JQ Wang, and CJ Zhong. 2005. "Monodispersed core-shell Fe3O4@Au nanoparticles ." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109(46):21593-21601. 
  • Yantasee W, C Timchalk, GE Fryxell, BP Dockendorff, and Y Lin. 2005. "Automated portable analyzer for lead(II) based on sequential flow injection and nanostructured electrochemical sensors ." Talanta 68(2):256-261. 
  • Yantasee W, C Timchalk, KK Weitz, DA Moore, and Y Lin. 2005. "Optimization of A Portable Microanalytical System to Reduce Electrode Fouling from Proteins Associated with Biomonitoring of Lead (Pb) in Saliva." Talanta 67(3):617-624. 
  • Yantasee W, GE Fryxell, Y Lin, H Wu, KN Raymond, and J Xu. 2005. "Hydroxypyridinone (HOPO) Functionalized Self-Assembled Monolayers on Nanoporous Silica for Sequestering Lanthanide Cations." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 5(4):527-535(9).  doi:10.1166/jnn.2005.096
  • Yantasee W, GE Fryxell, MM Conner, and Y Lin. 2005. "Nanostructured Electrochemical Sensors Based on Functionalized Nanoporous Silica for Voltammetric Analysis of Lead, Mercury and Copper." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 5(9):1537-1540. 
  • Yantasee W, LA Deibler, GE Fryxell, C Timchalk, and Y Lin. 2005. "Screen-Printed Electrodes Modified with Functionalized Mesoporous Silica for Voltammetric Analysis of Toxic Metal Ions." Electrochemistry Communications 7(11):1170-1176.  doi:10.1016/j.elecom.2005.08.018
  • Ye X, Y Lin, CM Wai, J Talbot, and S Jin. 2005. "Supercritical Fluid Attachment of Palladium Nanoparticles on Aligned Carbon Nanotubes." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 5(6):964-969.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2005.133
  • Ye X, CM Wai, Y Lin, JS Young, and MH Engelhard. 2005. "Supercritical Fluid Immersion Deposition: A New Process for Selective Deposition of Metal Films on Silicon Substrates." Surface & Coatings Technology 190(1):25-31. 
  • Yen C, X Cui, HB Pan, S Wang, Y Lin, and CM Wai. 2005. "Deposition of Platinum Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes by Supercritical Fluid Method." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 5(11):1852-1857.  doi:10.1166/jnn.2005.421


  • Lin Y, F Lu, and J Wang. 2004. "Disposable Carbon Nanotube Modified Screen-Printed Biosensor for Amperometric Detection of Organophosphorus Pesticides and Nerve Agents." Electroanalysis 16(1-2):145-149. 
  • Lin Y, F Lu, Y Tu, and Z Ren. 2004. "Glucose Biosensors Based on Carbon Nanotube Nanoelectrode Ensembles." Nano Letters 4(2):191-195. 
  • Lin Y, W Yantasee, and GE Fryxell. 2004. "Electrochemical Sensors Based on Functionalized Nanoporous Silica." In Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. J. A. Schwarz, C. Contescu, K. Putyera, pp. 1051-1061.  Marcel Dekker, New York. 
  • Lin Y, W Yantasee, F Lu, J Wang, M Musameh, Y Tu, and Z Ren. 2004. "Biosensors Based on Carbon Nanotubes." In Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. J. A. Schwarz, C. Contescu, K. Putyera, pp. 361-374.  Marcel Dekker, New York. 
  • Lin Y, W Yantasee, GE Fryxell, and MM Conner. 2004. "Electrochemical Sensors Based on Functionalized Nanoporous Silica for Environmental Monitoring." In Nanosensing: Materials and Devices. Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 5593, ed. M. S. Islam and A. K. Dutta, pp. 554-560.  International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA. 
  • Lin Y, X Ye, and CM Wai. 2004. "Nanostructured Materials Synthesized In Supercritical Fluid." In Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. J. A. Schwarz, C. Contescu, K. Putyera, pp. 2595-2607.  Marcel Dekker, New York. 
  • Lin Y, Y Tu, F Lu, and Z Ren. 2004. "Development of Biosensors Based on Carbon Nanotube Nanoelectrode Arrays ." In Nanosensing: Materials and Devices. Proceedings of SPIE , vol. 5593, ed. M.S. Islam and A.K. Dutta, pp. 44-51.  International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham, WA. 
  • Lin Y, Y Tu, F Lu, W Yantasee, and Z Ren. 2004. "Carbon Nanotubes Based Nanoelectrode Arrays: Fabrication, Evaluation, and Sensing Applications." In Chemical Sensors VI: Chemical and Biological Sensors and Analytical Methods. Proceedings of the International Symposium. Proceedings Electrochemical Society, vol. 2004-08, ed. C. Bruckner-Lea, P. Vantsek, G. Hunter, E. Egashira, N. Miur, pp. 399-409.  The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ. 
  • Fryxell GE, H Wu, Y Lin, WJ Shaw, JC Birnbaum, JC Linehan, Z Nie, KM Kemner, and S Kelly. 2004. "Lanthanide Selective Sorbents: Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS) ." Journal of Materials Chemistry 14(22):3356-3363. 
  • Fryxell GE, H Wu, Y Lin, WJ Shaw, JC Birnbaum, JC Linehan, Z Nie, KM Kemner, and S Kelly. 2004. "Lanthanide Selective Sorbents: Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS)." Journal of Materials Chemistry 14(22):3356-3363. 
  • Fryxell GE, RS Addleman, SV Mattigod, Y Lin, TS Zemanian, H Wu, JC Birnbaum, J Liu, and X Feng. 2004. "Environmental and Sensing Applications of Molecular Self-Assembly ." In Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ed. J. A. Schwarz, C. Contescu, K. Putyera, pp. 1135-1145.  Marcel Dekker, New York. 
  • Han L, W Wu, FL Kirk, J Luo, MM Maye, NN Kariuki, Y Lin, CM Wang, and CJ Zhong. 2004. "A Direct Route towards Assembly of Nanoparticle-Carbon Nanotube Composite Materials ." Langmuir 20(14):6019-6025. 
  • Kariuki NN, J Luo, L Han, MM Maye, L Moussa, M Patterson, Y Lin, MH Engelhard, and CJ Zhong. 2004. "Nanoparticle-Structured Ligand Framework as Electrode Interfaces." Electroanalysis 16(1-2):120-126. 
  • Kariuki NN, J Luo, MM Maye, SA Hassan, T Menard, HR Naslund, Y Lin, CM Wang, MH Engelhard, and CJ Zhong. 2004. "Composition-Controlled Synthesis of Bimetallic Gold-Silver Nanoparticles." Langmuir 20(25):11240-11246. 
  • Lin Y, W Yantasee, GE Fryxell, Z Wang, and J Wang. 2004. DOE-EMSP Project Report FY 04: Portable Analyzer Based on Microfluidics/Nanoengineered Electrochemical Sensors for In-situ Characterization of Mixed WastesPNNL-14924 FY 04, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Luo J, MM Maye, L Han, NN Kariuki, VW Jones, Y Lin, MH Engelhard, and CJ Zhong. 2004. "Spectroscopic Characterizations of Molecularly-Linked Gold Nanoparticle Assemblies Upon Thermal Treatment." Langmuir 20(10):4254-4260. 
  • Timchalk C, TS Poet, AA Kousba, JA Campbell, and Y Lin. 2004. "Noninvasive Biomonitoring Approaches to Determine Dosimetry and Risk Following Acute Chemical Exposure: Analysis of Lead or Organophosphate Insecticide in Saliva ." Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A 67:635-650. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, GE Fryxell, and BJ Busche. 2004. "Simultaneous Detection of Cadmium, Copper, and Lead using A Carbon Paste Electrode Modified with Carbamoylphosphonic Acid Self-Assembled Monolayer on Mesoporous Silica (SAMMS)." Analytica Chimica Acta 502(2):207-212. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, GE Fryxell, KL Alford, BJ Busche, and CD Johnson. 2004. "Selective Removal of Copper(II) from Aqueous Solutions Using Fine-Grained Activated Carbon Functionalized with Amine ." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 43(11):2759-2764. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, KL Alford, BJ Busche, GE Fryxell, and MH Engelhard. 2004. "Electrophilic Aromatic Substitutions of Amine and Sulfonate onto Fine-Grained Activated Carbon for Aqueous-Phase Metal Ion Removal ." Separation Science and Technology 39(14):3263-3279. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, GE Fryxell, and Z Wang. 2004. "Carbon Paste Electrode Modified with Carbamoylphosphonic Acid Functionalized Mesoporous Silica: A New Mercury-Free Sensor for Uranium Detection." Electroanalysis 16(10):870-873. 
  • Ye X, H Zhang, Y Lin, LS Wang, and CM Wai. 2004. "Modification of SiO2 Nanowires with Metallic Nanocrystals from Supercritical CO2." Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 4(1/2):82-85. 
  • Ye X, Y Lin, CM Wang, MH Engelhard, Y Wang, and CM Wai. 2004. "Supercritical Fluid Synthesis and Characterization of Catalytic Metal Nanoparticles on Carbon Nanotubes." Journal of Materials Chemistry 14(5):908-913. 


  • Lin Y, and NG Smart. 2003. "Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Actinides and Heavy Metals for Environmental Cleanup: A Process Development Perspective." Chapter 3 in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide: Separations and Processes, ACS Symposium Series, vol. 860, ed. A. S. Gopalan, C. M. Wai, and H. K. Jacobs, pp. 23-35.  American Chemical Society, Washington DC. 
  • Lin Y, G Collins, and J Wang. 2003. SERDP Project Final Report: Integrated Automated Analyzer for Monitoring of Explosives in GroundwaterPNNL-14463, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Lin Y, C Liu, H Wu, HK Yak, and CM Wai. 2003. "Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Toxic Heavy Metals and Uranium from Acidic Solutions with Sulfur-Containing Organophosphorus Reagents." Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 42(7):1400-1405. 
  • Liu J, Y Lin, L Liang, JA Voigt, DL Huber, Z Tian, E Coker, B Mckenzie, and MJ Mcdermott. 2003. "Templateless Assembly of Molecularly Aligned Conductive Polymers Nanowires: A New Approach for Oriented Nanostructures." Chemistry - a European Journal 9(3):604-611. 
  • Maye MM, J Luo, Y Lin, MH Engelhard, M Hepel, and CJ Zhong. 2003. "X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopic Study of the Activation of Molecularly-Linked Gold Nanoparticle Catalysts." Langmuir 19(1):125-131. 
  • Maye MM, J Luo, WB Chan, L Han, NN Kariuki, HR Naslund, MH Engelhard, Y Lin, R Sze, and CJ Zhong. 2003. "Characterizations of Core-Shell Nanoparticle Catalysts for Methanol Electrooxidation ." In Solid-State Ionics, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 756, ed. P. Knauth, J-M. Tarascon, E. Traversa, H.L. Tulle, pp. FF6.2.1-6.2.6.  Material Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Wang J, M Musameh, and Y Lin. 2003. "Solubilization of Carbon Nanotubes by Nafion Toward the Preparation of Amperometric Biosensors." Journal of the American Chemical Society 125(9):2408-2409. 
  • Wang S, Y Lin, and CM Wai. 2003. "SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION OF TOXIC HEAVY METALS FROM SOLID AND AQUEOUS MATRICES." Separation Science and Technology 38(10):2279-2289. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, GE Fryxell, BJ Busche, and JC Birnbaum. 2003. "Removal of Heavy Metals from Aqueous Solution Using Novel Nanoengineered Sorbents: Self-Assembled Carbamoylphosphonic Acids on Mesoporous Silica ." Separation Science and Technology 38(15):3809-3825. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, TS Zemanian, and GE Fryxell. 2003. "Voltammetric detection of lead (II) and mercury (II) using a carbon paste electrode modified with thiol self-assembled monolayer on mesoporous silica (SAMMS)." Analyst 128(5):467-472. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, XS Li, GE Fryxell, TS Zemanian, and VV Viswanathan. 2003. "Nanoengineered Electrochemical Sensor Based on Mesoporous Silica Thin-film Functionalized with Thiol-Terminated Monolayer." Analyst 128(7):899-904. 
  • Ye XR, Y Lin, and CM Wai. 2003. "Decorating catalytic palladium nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes in supercritical carbon dioxide." Chemical Communications (5):642-643. 
  • Ye XR, CM Wai, D Zhang, Y Kranov, D Mcilroy, Y Lin, and MH Engelhard. 2003. "Immersion Deposition of Metal Films on Silicon and Germanium Substrates in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide." Chemistry of Materials 15(1):83-91. 
  • Ye XR, Y Lin, CM Wang, and CM Wai. 2003. "Supercritical Fluid Fabrication of Metal Nanowires and Nanorods Templated by Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes." Advanced Materials 15(4):316-319. 
  • Yi T, Y Lin, and Z Ren. 2003. "Nanoelectrode Arrays Based on Low Site Density Aligned Carbon Nanotubes." Nano Letters 3(1):107-109. 
  • Zemanian TS, GE Fryxell, OA Ustyugov, JC Birnbaum, and Y Lin. 2003. "Synthesis of Nanostructured Sorbent Materials Using Supercritical Fluids." Chapter 24 in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide-Separations and Processes, ACS Symposium Series, vol. 860, ed. A. S. Gopalan, C. M. Wai, and H. K. Jacobs, pp. 370-386.  Oxford University Press, Washington DC. 


  • Birnbaum JC, BJ Busche, Y Lin, WJ Shaw, and GE Fryxell. 2002. "Synthesis of Carbamoylphosphonate Silanes for the Selective Sequestration of Actinides." Chemical Communications 13:1374-1375. 
  • Fryxell GE, Y Lin, H Wu, and KM Kemmer. 2002. "Environmental Applications of Self-assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS)." In Nanoporous Materials III, Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, vol. 141, ed. A. Sayari and M. Jaroniec, pp. 583-590.  Elsevier, Amsterdam , Netherlands. 
  • Liang L, J Liu, CF Windisch, Jr, GJ Exarhos, and Y Lin. 2002. "Direct Assembly of Large Arrays of Oriented Conducting Polymer Nanowires." Angewandte Chemie International Edition 41(19):3665-3668. 
  • Lin Y, K Tang, and RD Smith. 2002. "Laser-Machined Microdevices for Mass Spectrometry." Chapter 6 in Mass Spectrometry and Hyphenated Techniques in Neuropeptide Research, ed. J. Silberring and R. Ekman, pp. 171-192.  John Wiley & Sons, Wiley Interscience, NY. 
  • Musameh M, J Wang, A Merkoci, and Y Lin. 2002. "Low-Potential Stable NADH Detection at Carbon-Nanotube-Modified Glassy Carbon Electrodes." Electrochemistry Communications 4:743-746. 
  • Wang J, M Pumera, MP Chatrathi, A Escarpa, M Musameh, GE Collins, A Mulchandani, and Y Lin. 2002. "Single-Channel Microchip for Fast Screening and Detailed Identification of Nitroaromatic Explosives and Organophosphate Nerve Agents." Analytical Chemistry 74:1187-1191. 


  • Lin Y, GE Fryxell, H Wu, and MH Engelhard. 2001. "Selective Sorption of Cesium Using Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports ." Environmental Science and Technology 35(19):3962-3966. 
  • Lin Y, H Wu, NG Smart, and CM Wai. 2001. "Studies on In-situ Chelation/Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Lanthanides and Actinides Using a Radiotracer Technique." Separation Science and Technology 36(5 & 6):1149-1162. 
  • Tang K, Y Lin, DW Matson, TM Kim, and RD Smith. 2001. "Generation of Multiple Electrosprays Using Microfabricated Emitter Arrays for Improved Mass Spectrometric Sensitivity." Analytical Chemistry 73(8):1658-1663. 
  • Elshani S, NG Smart, Y Lin, and CM Wai. 2001. "Application of Supercritical Fluids to the Reactive Extraction and Analysis of Toxic Heavy Metals from Environmental Matrices - System Optimisation." Separation Science and Technology 36(5-6):1197-1210. 
  • Lin Y, C Timchalk, DW Matson, H Wu, and KD Thrall. 2001. "Integrated Microfluidics/Electrochemical Sensor System for Monitoring of Environmental Exposures to Lead and Chlorophenols." Biomedical Microdevices 3(4):331-338. 
  • Timchalk C, TS Poet, Y Lin, KK Weitz, R Zhao, and KD Thrall. 2001. "Development of an Integrated Micro-Analytical System for Lead in Saliva and Linkage to a Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Model Describing Lead Saliva Secretion ." American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 62(3):295-302. 


  • Lin Y, DW Matson, DE Kurath, JY Wen, F Xiang, WD Bennett, PM Martin, and RD Smith. 2000. "Microfluidic Devices on Polymer Substrates for Bioanalytical Applications." In 3rd International Conference on Microreaction Technology; Microreaction Technology: Industrial Prospects IMRET 3, April 1999. , pp. 451-460.  Springer, New York, NY. 
  • Lin Y, H Wu, CM Wai, and NG Smart. 2000. "Separation of Divalent Transition Metal Beta-Diketonates and Their Adducts By Supercritical Fluid Chromatography ." Talanta 52(4):695-701. 
  • Fryxell GE, J Liu, SV Mattigod, LQ Wang, Y Lin, X Feng, TA Hauser, and M Gong. 2000. "Environmental Applications of Interfacially Modified Mesoporous Ceramics." In Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Ceramic and Nuclear Industries V, vol. 107, ed. G. T. Chandler and X. Feng, pp. 29-37.  American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH. 
  • Lin Y, DW Matson, WD Bennett, KD Thrall, and C Timchalk. 2000. "Integrated Microfluidics/Electrochemical Sensor System for Field-Monitoring of Toxic Metals ." In Microreaction technology: industrial prospects: IMRET 3 : proceedings of the Third International Conference on Microreaction Technology , ed. W. Ehrfeld, pp. 588-596.  Springer, Berlin, Germany. 
  • Wen JY, Y Lin, F Xiang, DW Matson, HR Udseth, and RD Smith. 2000. "Microfabricated Isoelectric Focusing Devices for Direct Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry." Electrophoresis 21(1):191-197. 
  • Yantasee W, Y Lin, K Hongsirikarn, GE Fryxell, S Addleman, and C Timchalk. 2000. "Electrochemical Sensors for the Detection and Quantification of Lead and Other Toxic Heavy Metals: The Next Generation of Personal Exposure Biomonitors." Environmental Health Perspectives 115(12):1683-1690. 


  • Lin Y, JY Wen, X Fan, DW Matson, and RD Smith. 1999. "Laser Micromachined Isoelectric Focusing Device on Polymer Substrate for Electrospray Mass Spectrometry." In Proceedings of SPIE. Microfluidic Devices and Systems II: September 20-21, 1999, Santa Clara, California, vol. 3877, ed. C.H. Ahn and A.B. Frazier, pp. 28-35.  SPIE , Bellingham, WA. 
  • Lin Y, R Zhao, KD Thrall, C Timchalk, WD Bennett, and DW Matson. 1999. "Integration of Microfluidics/Electrochemical System for Trace Metal Analysis by Stripping Voltammetry." In Proceedings of SPIE. Microfludic Devices and Systems II: September 20-21, 1999, Santa Clara, California, vol. 3877, ed. C.H. Ahn and A.B. Frazier, pp. 248-256.  SPIE , Bellingham, WA. 
  • Martin PM, DW Matson, WD Bennett, Y Lin, and DJ Hammerstrom. 1999. "Laminated Plastic Microfluidic Components for Biological and Chemical Systems." Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A--Vacuum, Surfaces and Films 17(4):2264-2269. 
  • Martin PM, DW Matson, WD Bennett, DC Stewart, and Y Lin. 1999. "Laser-Micromachined and Laminated Microfluidic Components for Miniaturized Thermal, Chemical and Biological Systems." In Design, Test, and Microfabrication of MEMS and MOEMS. Proceedings of SPIE., vol. 3680, pp. 826-833.  SPIE?The International Society for Optical Engineering, Bellingham,. 
  • Xiang F, Y Lin, JY Wen, DW Matson, and RD Smith. 1999. "An Integrated Microfabricated Device for Dual Microdialysis and On-line ESI Ion Trap Mass Spectrometry for the Analysis of Complex Biological Samples." Analytical Chemistry 71(8):1485-1490. 


  • Lin Y, N Xu, JY Wen, DW Matson, and RD Smith. 1998. "Micro fabricated Dual-Microdialysis and Capillary, Isoelectric Focusing Devices for Cleanup and Separations/Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Biomolecules." In Micro Total Analysis Systems '98; proceedings of the (mu)TAS '98 Workshop, held in Banff, Canada, 13-16 October 1998, ed. D.J. Harrison and A.V. den Berg, pp. 343-346.  Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA. 
  • Matson DW, PM Martin, WD Bennett, DE Kurath, Y Lin, and DJ Hammerstrom. 1998. "Fabrication Processes for Polymer-Based Microfluidic Analytical Devices." In Micro total analysis systems '98: proceedings of the [Mu] TAS '98 Workshop, held in Banff, Canada, 13-16 October 1998, ed. DJ Harrison & A Van den Berg, pp. 371-374.  Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 

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