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Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate

Staff information


Lai-yung Ruby Leung

Earth Systems Analysis & Modeling
Laboratory Fellow
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K9-30
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. L. Ruby Leung is a Laboratory Fellow at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and an Affiliate Scientist at National Center for Atmospheric Research. Her research broadly cuts across multiple areas in modeling and analysis of climate and the hydrological cycle including land-atmosphere interactions, orographic processes, monsoon climate, climate extremes, land surface processes, and aerosol-cloud interactions. Her research on climate change impacts has been featured in Science, Popular Science, Wall Street Journal, National Public Radio, and many major newspapers.

Dr. Leung is the Chief Scientist of Department of Energy Accelerated Climate Modeling for Energy (ACME). She has organized key workshops sponsored by DOE, NSF, NOAA, and NASA, and served on advisory panels and NRC committee that define future priorities in climate modeling, hydroclimate, and water cycle research. She is an editor of the American Geophysical Union Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres and American Meteorological Society Journal of Hydrometeorology. She has published over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and has been session chairs and keynote/invited speakers in many workshops and conferences.

Research Interests

  • Regional and global climate modeling
  • Land-atmosphere interactions
  • Regional hydrologic cycle
  • Orographic precipitation
  • Climate extremes
  • Climate variability and change

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Atmospheric Science, Texas A&M University
  • M.S., Atmospheric Science, Texas A&M University
  • B.S., (Honors) Physics & Statistics, Chinese University of Hong Kong

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science

Awards and Recognitions

  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Fellow, American Meteorological Society
  • Member of the Washington State Academy of Sciences
  • Fellow, American Geophysical Union

PNNL Publications


  • Feng Z, LY Leung, SM Hagos, RA Houze, CD Burleyson, and K Balaguru. 2016. "More frequent intense and long-lived storms dominate the springtime trend in central U.S. rainfall." Nature Communications 7:13429.  doi:10.1038/ncomms13429
  • Leung LY, and LW Vail. 2016. Potential Impacts of Accelerated Climate ChangePNNL-24868 Rev. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Brunke M, P Broxton, J Pelletier, D Gochis, P Hazenberg, DM Lawrence, LYR Leung, GY Niu, P Troch, and X Zeng. 2016. "Implementing and Evaluating Variable Soil Thickness in the Community Land Model, Version 4.5 (CLM4.5)." Journal of Climate 29(9):3441-3461.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0307.1
  • Grotjahn R, R Black, LYR Leung, MF Wehner, M Barlow, M Bosilovich, A Gershunov, W Gutowski, JR Gyakum, RW Katz, YY Lee, YK Lim, and Prabhat. 2016. "North American Extreme Temperature Events and Related Large Scale Meteorological Patterns: A Review of Statistical Methods, Dynamics, Modeling, and Trends." Climate Dynamics 46(3):1151-1184.  doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2638-6
  • Haarsma RJ, MJ Roberts, PL Vidale, CA Senior, A Bellucci, Q Bao, P Chang, S Corti, NS Fuckar, V Guemas, J Von Hardenberg, W Hazeleger, C Kodama, T Koenigk, LY Leung, J Lu, JJ Luo, J Mao, MS Mizielinski, R Mizuta, P Nobre, M Satoh, E Scoccimarro, T Semmler, J Small, and JS Von Storch. 2016. "High Resolution Model Intercomparison Project (HighResMIP v1.0) for CMIP6." Geoscientific Model Development 9(11):4185-4208.  doi:10.5194/gmd-9-4185-2016
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, JH Yoon, J Lu, and Y Gao. 2016. "A Projection of Changes in Landfilling Atmospheric River Frequency and Extreme Precipitation over Western North America from the Large Ensemble CESM Simulations." Geophysical Research Letters 43(3):1357-1363.  doi:10.1002/2015GL067392
  • Hu Z, C Zhao, J Huang, LYR Leung, Y Qian, H Yu, L Huang , and O Kalashnikova. 2016. "Trans-Pacific transport and evolution of aerosols: evaluation of quasi-global WRF-Chem simulation with multiple observations ." Geoscientific Model Development 9(5):1725-1746.  doi:10.5194/gmd-9-1725-2016
  • Leng G, M Huang, N Voisin, X Zhang, GR Asrar, and LYR Leung. 2016. "Emergence of new hydrologic regimes of surface water resources in the Conterminous United States under future warming." Environmental Research Letters 11(11):Article No. 114003.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114003
  • Li S, L Xiong, H Li, LYR Leung, and Y Demissie. 2016. "Attributing runoff changes to climate variability and human activities: Uncertainty analysis using four monthly water balance models." Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment 30(1):251-269.  doi:10.1007/s00477-015-1083-8
  • Ralph FM, KA Prather, D Cayan, JR Spackman, PJ DeMott, M Dettinger, C Fairall, LYR Leung, D Rosenfeld, SA Rutledge, D Waliser, AB White, J Cordeira, A Martin, J Helly, and J Intrieri. 2016. "CalWater Field Studies Designed to Quantify the Roles of Atmospheric Rivers and Aerosols in Modulating U.S. West Coast Precipitation in a Changing Climate." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 97(7):1209-1228.  doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00043.1
  • Ren H, Z Hou, M Huang, J Bao, Y Sun, TK Tesfa, and LY Leung. 2016. "Classification of hydrological parameter sensitivity and evaluation of parameter transferability across 431 US MOPEX basins." Journal of Hydrology 536:92-108.  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.02.042
  • Ren H, Z Hou, M Huang, J Bao, Y Sun, TK Tesfa, and LYR Leung. 2016. "Classification of hydrological parameter sensitivity and evaluation of parameter transferability across 431 US MOPEX basins." Journal of Hydrology 536:92-108.  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2016.02.042
  • Voisin N, LYR Leung, and MI Hejazi. 2016. "Drivers of Change in Managed Water Resources: Modeling the Impacts of Climate and Socioeconomic Changes Using the US Midwest as a Case Study." Chapter 9 in Terrestrial Water Cycle and Climate Change: Natural and Human-Induced Impacts, vol. 221, ed. Q Tang and T Oki, pp. 169-192.  John Wiley & Sons, Inc., HOBOKEN, NJ. 
  • Wang L, Y Qian, Y Zhang, C Zhao, LYR Leung, A Huang, and C Xiao. 2016. "Observed Variability of Summer Precipitation Pattern and Extreme Events in East China Associated with Variations of the East Asian Summer Monsoon." International Journal of Climatology 36(8):29422957.  doi:10.1002/joc.4530
  • Yang Y, J Fan, LYR Leung, C Zhao, Z Li, and D Rosenfeld. 2016. "Mechanisms Contributing to Suppressed Precipitation in Mt. Hua of Central China, Part I: Mountain Valley Circulation." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 73(3):1351-1366.  doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0233.1
  • Yang Z, S Taraphdar, T Wang, LY Leung, and ME Grear. 2016. "Uncertainty and feasibility of dynamical downscaling for modeling tropical cyclones for storm surge simulation." Natural Hazards 84(2):1161-1184.  doi:10.1007/s11069-016-2482-y
  • Zhao B, KN Liou, Y Gu, C He, WL Lee, X Chang, Q Li, S Wang, HLR Tseng, LYR Leung, and J Hao. 2016. "Impact of buildings on surface solar radiation over urban Beijing." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16(9):5841-5852.  doi:10.5194/acp-16-5841-2016


  • Gao Y, J Lu, LYR Leung, Q Yang, SM Hagos, and Y Qian. 2015. "Dynamical and thermodynamical modulations of future changes in landfalling atmospheric rivers over North America." Geophysical Research Letters 42(17):7179-7186.  doi:10.1002/2015GL065435
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, J Lu, and G Masato. 2015. "Persistent Cold Air Outbreaks over North America in a Warming Climate." Environmental Research Letters 10(4):Article No. 044001.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/4/044001
  • Sakaguchi K, LYR Leung, C Zhao, Q Yang, J Lu, SM Hagos, S Rauscher, L Dong, T Ringler, and PH Lauritzen. 2015. "Exploring a Multi-resolution Approach Using AMIP Simulations." Journal of Climate 28(14):55495574.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00729.1
  • Yoon JH, and LYR Leung. 2015. "Assessing the relative influence of surface soil moisture and ENSO SST on precipitation predictability over the contiguous United States." Geophysical Research Letters 42(12):50055013.  doi:10.1002/2015GL064139
  • Leng G, Q Tang, M Huang, and LYR Leung. 2015. "A comparative analysis of the impacts of climate change and irrigation on land surface and subsurface hydrology in the North China Plain." Regional Environmental Change 15(2):251-263.  doi:10.1007/s10113-014-0640-x
  • Leng G, Q Tang, M Huang, Y Hong, and LYR Leung. 2015. "Projected Changes in Mean and Interannual Variability of Surface Water over Continental China." Science China. Earth Sciences 58(5):739-754.  doi:10.1007/s11430-014-4987-0
  • Leng G, M Huang, Q Tang, and LYR Leung. 2015. "A modeling study of irrigation effects on global surface water and groundwater resources under a changing climate." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7(3):1285-1304.  doi:10.1002/2015MS000437
  • Ye S, H Li, S Li, LYR Leung, Y Demissie, Q Ran, and G Blschl. 2015. "Vegetation regulation on streamflow intra-annual variability through adaption to climate variations." Geophysical Research Letters 42(23):10307-10315.  doi:10.1002/2015GL066396
  • Adam JC, JC Stephens, S Chung, MP Brady, RD Evans, CE Kruger, BK Lamb, ML Liu, CO Stockle, JK Vaughan, K Rajagopalan, J Harrison, CL Tague, A Kalyanaraman, Y Chen, AB Guenther, FY Leung, LYR Leung, AB Perleberg, J Yoder, E Allen, S Anderson, B Chandrasekharan, K Malek, T Mullis, C Miller, T Nergui, J Poinsatte, J Reyes, J Zhu, JS Choate, X Jiang, R Nelson, JH Yoon, GG Yorgey, K Johnson, KJ Chinnayakanhalli, AF Hamlet, B Nijssen, and V Walden. 2015. "BioEarth: Envisioning and developing a new regional earth system model to inform natural and agricultural resource management." Climatic Change 129(3-4):555-571.  doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1115-2
  • Bonfils C, BD Santer, TJ Phillips, K Marvel, LYR Leung, C Doutriaux, and A Capotondi. 2015. "Relative Contributions of Mean-State Shifts and ENSO-Driven Variability to Precipitation Changes in a Warming Climate." Journal of Climate 28(24):9997-10013.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0341.1
  • Chen G, J Lu, AD Burrows, and LYR Leung. 2015. "Local finite-amplitude wave activity as an objective diagnostic of midlatitude extreme weather." Geophysical Research Letters 42(24):10,952-10,960.  doi:10.1002/2015GL066959
  • Clark MP, Y Fan, DM Lawrence, JC Adam, D Bolster, D Gochis, RP Hooper, M Kumar, LYR Leung, DS Mackay, RM Maxwell, C Shen, SC Swenson, and X Zeng. 2015. "Improving the representation of hydrologic processes in Earth System Models." Water Resources Research 51(8):59295956.  doi:10.1002/2015WR017096
  • Done J, G Holland, C Bruyere, LYR Leung, and A Suzuki-Parker. 2015. "Modeling High-Impact Weather and Climate: Lessons From a Tropical Cyclone Perspective." Climatic Change 129(3-4):381-395.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0954-6
  • Fan J, D Rosenfeld, Y Yang, C Zhao, LYR Leung, and Z Li. 2015. "Substantial Contribution of Anthropogenic Air Pollution to Catastrophic Floods in Southwest China." Geophysical Research Letters 42(14):6066-6075.  doi:10.1002/2015GL064479
  • Fang Y, C Liu, and LYR Leung. 2015. "Accelerating the spin-up of the coupled carbon and nitrogen cycle model in CLM4." Geoscientific Model Development 8(3):781-789.  doi:10.5194/gmd-8-781-2015
  • Foltz GR, K Balaguru, and LYR Leung. 2015. "A Reassessment of the Integrated Impact of Tropical Cyclones on Surface Chlorophyll in the Western Subtropical North Atlantic." Geophysical Research Letters 42(4):1158-1164.  doi:10.1002/2015GL063222
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, Y Zhang, and L Cuo. 2015. "Changes in Moisture Flux over the Tibetan Plateau during 1979-2011: Insights from a High Resolution Simulation." Journal of Climate 28(10):4185-4197.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00581.1
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, Y Zhang, and L Cuo. 2015. "Changes in Moisture Flux Over the Tibetan Plateau During 1979-2011: Insights from a High Resolution Simulation." Journal of Climate 28(10):4185-4197.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00581.1
  • Gao Y, X Li, LYR Leung, D Chen, and J Xu. 2015. "Aridity changes in the Tibetan Plateau in a warming climate." Environmental Research Letters 10(3):Article No. 034013.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/3/034013
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, Q Yang, C Zhao, and J Lu. 2015. "Resolution and Dynamical Core Dependence of Atmospheric River Frequency in Global Model Simulations." Journal of Climate 28(7):2764-2776.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00567.1
  • He C, KN Liou, Y Takano, R Zhang, ML Zamora, P Yang, Q Li, and LYR Leung. 2015. "Variation of Radiative Properties During Black Carbon Aging: Theoretical and Experimental Intercomparison." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15(20):11967-11980.  doi:10.5194/acp-15-11967-2015
  • Hejazi MI, N Voisin, L Liu, LM Bramer, DC Fortin, JE Hathaway, M Huang, GP Kyle, LYR Leung, H Li, Y Liu, PL Patel, TC Pulsipher, JS Rice, TK Tesfa, CR Vernon, and Y Zhou. 2015. "21st Century United States Emissions Mitigation Could Increase Water Stress more than the Climate Change it is Mitigating." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112(34):10635-10640.  doi:10.1073/pnas.1421675112
  • Kraucunas IP, LE Clarke, JA Dirks, JE Hathaway, MI Hejazi, KA Hibbard, M Huang, C Jin, MCW Kintner-Meyer, K Kleese van Dam, LYR Leung, H Li, RH Moss, MJ Peterson, JS Rice, MJ Scott, AM Thomson, N Voisin, and TO West. 2015. "Investigating the Nexus of Climate, Energy, Water, and Land at Decision-Relevant Scales: The Platform for Regional Integrated Modeling and Analysis (PRIMA)." Climatic Change 129(3-4):573-588.  doi:10.1007/s10584-014-1064-9
  • Li H, LYR Leung, A Getirana, M Huang, H Wu, Y Xu, J Guo, and N Voisin. 2015. "Evaluating Global Streamflow Simulations by a Physically-based Routing Model Coupled with the Community Land Model." Journal of Hydrometeorology 16(2):948-971.  doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0079.1
  • Li H, LYR Leung, TK Tesfa, N Voisin, MI Hejazi, L Liu, Y Liu, JS Rice, H Wu, and X Yang. 2015. "Modeling stream temperature in the Anthropocene: An earth system modeling approach." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 7(4):1661-1679.  doi:10.1002/2015MS000471
  • Liu W, J Lu, LYR Leung, SP Xie, Z Liu, and J Zhu. 2015. "The de-correlation of westerly winds and westerly-wind stress over the Southern Ocean during the Last Glacial Maximum." Climate Dynamics 45(11):3157-3168.  doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2530-4
  • Lu J, G Chen, LYR Leung, DA Burrows, Q Yang, K Sakaguchi, and SM Hagos. 2015. "Toward the Dynamical Convergence on the Jet Stream in Aquaplanet AGCMs." Journal of Climate 28(17):67636782.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00761.1
  • Mei R, M Ashfaq, D Rastogi, LYR Leung, and F Dominguez. 2015. "Dominating Controls for Wetter South Asian Summer Monsoon in the Twenty-First Century." Journal of Climate 28(8):34003419.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00355.1
  • Prein A, W Langhans, G Fosser, A Ferrone, N Ban, K Goergen, M Keller, M Tolle, O Gutjahr, F Feser, E Brisson, S Kollet, J Schmidli, N van Lipzig, and LYR Leung. 2015. "A review on regional convection-permitting climate modeling: Demonstrations, prospects, and challenges." Reviews of Geophysics 53(2):323-361.  doi:10.1002/2014RG000475
  • Taraphdar S, LYR Leung, and SM Hagos. 2015. "Linkages of Remote Sea Surface Temperatures and Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity Mediated by the African Monsoon." Geophysical Research Letters 42(2):572-578.  doi:10.1002/2014GL062600
  • Zhang Y, X Zhang, K Wang, J He, LYR Leung, J Fan, and A Nenes. 2015. "Incorporating an advanced aerosol activation parameterization into WRF-CAM5: Model evaluation and parameterization intercomparison." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120(14):69526979.  doi:10.1002/2014JD023051
  • Zhong S, Y Qian, C Zhao, LYR Leung, and X Yang. 2015. "A Case Study of Urbanization Impact on Summer Precipitation in the Greater Beijing Metropolitan Area: Urban Heat Island Versus Aerosol Effects." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 120(20):10903-10914.  doi:10.1002/2015JD023753


  • Balaguru K, S Taraphdar, LYR Leung, and GR Foltz. 2014. "Increase in the Intensity of Postmonsoon Bay of Bengal Tropical Cyclones." Geophysical Research Letters 41(10):35943601.  doi:10.1002/2014GL060197
  • Balaguru K, S Taraphdar, LYR Leung, GR Foltz, and JA Knaff. 2014. "Cyclone-cyclone Interactions through the Ocean Pathway." Geophysical Research Letters 41(19):68556862.  doi:10.1002/2014GL061489
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, J Lu, Y Liu, M Huang, and Y Qian. 2014. "Robust Spring Drying in the Southwestern U.S. and Seasonal Migration of Wet/Dry Patterns in a Warmer Climate ." Geophysical Research Letters 41:1745-1751.  doi:10.1002/2014GL059562
  • Lim KS, J Fan, LYR Leung, PL Ma, B Singh, C Zhao, Y Zhang, G Zhang, and X Song. 2014. "Investigation of Aerosol Indirect Effects using a Cumulus Microphysics Parameterization in a Regional Climate Model." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(2):906926.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020958
  • Lu J, LYR Leung, Q Yang, G Chen, WD Collins, F Li, Z Hou, and X Feng. 2014. "The Robust Dynamical Contribution to Precipitation Extremes in Idealized Warming Simulations across Model Resolutions." Geophysical Research Letters 41(8):29712978.  doi:10.1002/2014GL059532
  • Taraphdar S, P Mukhopadhyay, LYR Leung, F Zhang, S Abhilash, and BN Goswami. 2014. "The Role of Moist Processes in the Intrinsic Predictability of Indian Ocean Cyclones." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(13):80328048.  doi:10.1002/2013JD021265
  • Yang Q, LYR Leung, S Rauscher, T Ringler, and M Taylor. 2014. "Atmospheric Moisture Budget and Spatial Resolution Dependence of Precipitation Extremes in Aquaplanet Simulations." Journal of Climate 27(10):3565-3581.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00468.1
  • Leng G, M Huang, Q Tang, H Gao, and LYR Leung. 2014. "Modeling the Effects of Groundwater-fed Irrigation on Terrestrial Hydrology over the Conterminous United States." Journal of Hydrometeorology 15(3):957972.  doi:10.1175/JHM-D-13-049.1
  • Ali M, S Ye, H Li, M Huang, LYR Leung, A Fiori, and M Sivapalan. 2014. "Regionalization of subsurface stormflow parameters of hydrologic models: Up-scaling from physically based numerical simulations at hillslope scale." Journal of Hydrology 519(Part A):683-698.  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.07.018
  • Cai X, ZL Yang, Y Xia, M Huang, H Wei, LYR Leung, and M Ek. 2014. "Assessment of simulated water balance from Noah, Noah-MP, CLM, and VIC over CONUS using the NLDAS test bed." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(24):13,75113,770.  doi:10.1002/2014JD022113
  • Chen S, C Zhao, Y Qian, LYR Leung, J Huang, Z Huang, J Bi, W Zhang, J Shi, L Yang, D Li, and J Li. 2014. "Regional Modeling of Dust Mass Balance and Radiative Forcing over East Asia using WRF-Chem." Aeolian Research 15:15-30.  doi:10.1016/j.aeolia.2014.02.001
  • Fan J, LYR Leung, PJ DeMott, JM Comstock, B Singh, D Rosenfeld, JM Tomlinson, A White, K Prather, P Minnis, JK Ayers, and Q Min. 2014. "Corrigendum to Aerosol impacts on California winter clouds and precipitation during CalWater 2011: local pollution versus long-range transported dust published in Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 81101, 2014." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14:3063-3064.  doi:10.5194/acp-14-3063-2014
  • Fan J, LYR Leung, PJ DeMott, JM Comstock, B Singh, D Rosenfeld, JM Tomlinson, AB White, K Prather, P Minnis, JK Ayers, and Q Min. 2014. "Aerosol Impacts on California Winter Clouds and Precipitation during CalWater 2011: Local Pollution versus Long-Range Transported Dust." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14(1):81-101.  doi:10.5194/acp-14-81-2014
  • Fang Y, C Liu, M Huang, H Li, and LYR Leung. 2014. "Steady state estimation of soil organic carbon using satellite-derived canopy leaf area index." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 6(4):1049-1064.  doi:10.1002/2014MS000331
  • Gao Y, C Zhao, X Liu, M Zhang, and LYR Leung. 2014. "WRF-Chem Simulations of Aerosols and Anthropogenic Aerosol Radiative Forcing in East Asia." Atmospheric Environment 92:250-266.  doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.04.038
  • Getirana A, E Dutra, M Guimberteau, J Kam, H Li, B Decharme, ZJ Zhang, A Ducharne, A Boone, G Balsamo, M Rodell, A Mounirou Toure, Y Xue, CD Peters-Lidard, SV Kumar, KR Arsenault, G Drapeau, LYR Leung, J Ronchail, and J Sheffield. 2014. "Water balance in the Amazon basin from a land surface model ensemble." Journal of Hydrometeorology 15(6):2586-2614.  doi:10.1175/JHM-D-14-0068.1
  • Guo J, H Li, LYR Leung, S Guo, P Liu, and M Sivapalan. 2014. "Links Between Flood Frequency and Annual Water Balance Behaviors: A Basis for Similarity and Regionalization." Water Resources Research 50(2):937953.  doi:10.1002/2013WR014374
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, WI Gustafson, Jr, and B Singh. 2014. "Eddy Fluxes and Sensitivity of the Water Cycle to Spatial Resolution in Idealized Regional Aquaplanet Model Simulations." Climate Dynamics 42(3-4):931-940.  doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1857-y
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, Y Xue, A Boone, F de Sales, N Neupane, M Huang, and JH Yoon. 2014. "Assessment of Uncertainties in the Response of the African Monsoon Precipitation to Land Use change simulated by a regional model." Climate Dynamics 43(9-10):2765-2775.  doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2092-x
  • He C, Q Li, KN Liou, Y Takano, Y Gu, L Qi, Y Mao, and LYR Leung. 2014. "Black Carbon Radiative Forcing over the Tibetan Plateau." Geophysical Research Letters 41(22):7806-7813.  doi:10.1002/2014GL062191
  • Hoerling M, J Eischeid, A Kumar, LYR Leung, A Mariotti, K Mo, S Schubert, and R Seager. 2014. "Causes and Predictability of the 2012 Great Plains Drought." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95(2):269-282.  doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00055.1
  • Landu K, LYR Leung, SM Hagos, V Vinoj, S Rauscher, T Ringler, and M Taylor. 2014. "The Dependence of ITCZ Structure on Model Resolution and Dynamical Core in Aquaplanet Simulations." Journal of Climate 27(6):23752385.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00269.1
  • Lei H, M Huang, LYR Leung, D Yang, X Shi, J Mao, DJ Hayes, C Schwalm, Y Wei, and S Liu. 2014. "Sensitivity of Global Terrestrial Gross Primary Production to Hydrologic States Simulated by the Community Land Model Using Two Runoff Parameterizations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 6(3):658-679.  doi:10.1002/2013MS000252
  • Liou KN, Y Takano, C He, P Yang, LYR Leung, Y Gu, and WL Lee. 2014. "Stochastic Parameterization for Light Absorption by Internally Mixed BC/dust in Snow Grains for Application to Climate Models." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(12):76167632.  doi:10.1002/2014JD021665
  • Penrod A, Y Zhang, K Wang, SY Wu, and LYR Leung. 2014. "Impacts of Future Climate and Emission Changes on U.S. Air Quality." Atmospheric Environment 89:533547.  doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2014.01.001
  • Tesfa TK, H Li, LYR Leung, M Huang, Y Ke, Y Sun, and Y Liu. 2014. "A Subbasin-based framework to represent land surface processes in an Earth System Model." Geoscientific Model Development 7(3):947-963.  doi:10.5194/gmd-7-947-2014
  • Tesfa TK, LYR Leung, M Huang, H Li, N Voisin, and MS Wigmosta. 2014. "Scalability of grid- and subbasin-based land surface modeling approaches for hydrologic simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 119(6):3166-3184.  doi:10.1002/2013JD020493
  • Yan H, Y Qian, G Lin, LYR Leung, B Yang, and Q Fu. 2014. "Parametric Sensitivity and Calibration for Kain-Fritsch Convective Parameterization Scheme in the WRF Model ." Climate Research 59(2):135-147.  doi:10.3354/cr01213
  • Ye S, H Li, M Huang, M Ali, G Leng, LYR Leung, S Wang, and M Sivapalan. 2014. "Regionalization of subsurface stormflow parameters of hydrologic models: Derivation from regional analysis of streamflow recession curves." Journal of Hydrology 519(Part A):670682.  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.07.017
  • Zhao C, Z Hu, Y Qian, LYR Leung, J Huang, M Huang, J Jin, MG Flanner, R Zhang, H Wang, H Yan, Z Lu, and DG Streets. 2014. "Simulating Black Carbon and Dust and their Radiative Forcing in Seasonal Snow: A Case Study over North China with Field Campaign Measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14(20):11475-11491.  doi:10.5194/acp-14-11475-2014


  • Fan J, LYR Leung, D Rosenfeld, Q Chen, Z Li, J Zhang, and H Yan. 2013. "Microphysical Effects Determine Macrophysical Response for Aerosol Impacts on Deep Convective Clouds ." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(48):E4581-E4590 .  doi:10.1073/pnas.1316830110
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, S Rauscher, and T Ringler. 2013. "Errors Characteristics of Two Grid Refinement Approaches in Aquaplanet Simulations: MPAS-A and WRF." Monthly Weather Review 141(9):3022-3036.  doi:10.1175/MWR-D-12-00338.1
  • Leung LYR, T Ringler, WD Collins, M Taylor, and M Ashfaq. 2013. "A Hierarchical Evaluation of Regional Climate Simulations." Eos 94(34):297-298.  doi:10.1002/2013EO340001
  • Wan H, PJ Rasch, K Zhang, J Kazil, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Numerical Issues Associated with Compensating and Competing Processes in Climate Models: an Example from ECHAM-HAM." Geoscientific Model Development 6(3):861-874.  doi:10.5194/gmd-6-861-2013
  • Zhao C, LYR Leung, RC Easter, Jr, J Hand, and J Avise. 2013. "Characterization of Speciated Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing Over California." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(5):23722388.  doi:10.1029/2012JD018364
  • Leng G, M Huang, Q Tang, WJ Sacks, H Lei, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Modeling the Effects of Irrigation on Land Surface Fluxes and States over the Conterminous United States: Sensitivity to Input Data and Model Parameters." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(17):97899803.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50792
  • Balaguru K, LYR Leung, and JH Yoon. 2013. "Oceanic Control of Northeast Pacific Hurricane Activity at Interannual Timescales." Environmental Research Letters 8(4):Article No. 044009.  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/4/044009
  • Chen S, J Huang, C Zhao, Y Qian, LYR Leung, and B Yang. 2013. "Modeling the Transport and Radiative Forcing of Taklimakan Dust over the Tibetan Plateau: A case study in the summer of 2006." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(2):797812. 
  • Fang Y, M Huang, C Liu, H Li, and LYR Leung. 2013. "A Generic Biogeochemical Module for Earth System Models: Next Generation BioGeoChemical Module (NGBGC), Version 1.0." Geoscientific Model Development 6(6):19771988.  doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1977-2013
  • Hagos SM, Z Feng, SA McFarlane, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 70(8):24092425.  doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0260.1
  • Hou Z, M Huang, DH Bacon, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Parameter Dimensionality Reduction in Complex Earth System Models through Exploratory Data Analyses and Calibration." In MODFLOW and More 2013: Translating Science into Practice, June 2-5, 2013, Golden, Colorado, ed. R Maxwell, et al, pp. 159-163.  Integrated Ground Water Modeling Center (IGWMC), Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO. 
  • Huang M, Z Hou, LYR Leung, Y Ke, Y Liu, Z Fang, and Y Sun. 2013. "Uncertainty Analysis of Runoff Simulations and Parameter Identifiability in the Community Land Model Evidence from MOPEX Basins." Journal of Hydrometeorology 14:17541772.  doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-0138.1
  • Ke Y, LYR Leung, M Huang, and H Li. 2013. "Enhancing the Representation of Subgrid Land Surface Characteristics in Land Surface Models." Geoscientific Model Development 6:1609-1622.  doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1609-2013
  • Lee TY, X Tong, HW Shen, PC Wong, SM Hagos, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Feature Tracking and Visualization of Madden-Julian Osciallation in Climate Simulation." IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 33(4):29-37.  doi:10.1109/MCG.2013.36
  • Li F, WD Collins, MF Wehner, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Hurricanes in an Aquaplanet World: Implications of the Impacts of External Forcing and Model Horizontal Resolution." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 5(2):134-145.  doi:10.1002/jame.20020
  • Li H, MS Wigmosta, H Wu, M Huang, Y Ke, AM Coleman, and LYR Leung. 2013. "A Physically Based Runoff Routing Model for Land Surface and Earth System Models." Journal of Hydrometeorology 14(3):808-828.  doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-015.1
  • Li Y, LYR Leung, Z Xiao, M Wei, and Q Li. 2013. "Interdecadal Connection Between Artic Temperature and Summer Precipitation Over the Yangtze River Valley in the CMIP5 Historical Simulations." Journal of Climate 26(19):74647488.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00776.1
  • Li Y, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Potential impacts of the Arctic on interannual and interdecadal summer precipitation over China." Journal of Climate 26(3):889-917.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00075.1
  • Liou KN, Y Gu, LYR Leung, WL Lee, and RG Fovell. 2013. "A WRF Simulation of the Impact of 3-D Radiative Transfer on Surface Hydrology over the Rocky Mountains and Sierra Nevada." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13(23):1170911721.  doi:10.5194/acp-13-11709-2013
  • Mearns LO, M Bukovsky, LYR Leung, Y Qian, R Arritt, W Gutowski, ES Takle, S Biner, D Caya, J Correia Jr., R Jones, L Sloan, and MA Snyder. 2013. "Reply to “Comments on ‘The North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program: Overview of Phase I Results’”." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 94(7):1077-1078.  doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00013.1
  • Mearns LO, S Sain, LYR Leung, MS Bukovsky, S McGinnis, S Biner, D Caya, R Arritt, W Gutowski, ES Takle, MA Snyder, R Jones, AMB Nunes, S Tucker, D Herzmann, L McDaniel, and L Sloan. 2013. "Climate Change Projections of the North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARCCAP)." Climatic Change 120(4):965-975.  doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0831-3
  • O'Brien TA, F Li, WD Collins, S Rauscher, T Ringler, M Taylor, SM Hagos, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Observed Scaling in Clouds and Precipitation and Scale Incognizance in Regional to Global Atmospheric Models." Journal of Climate 26(23):93139333.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00005.1
  • Sun Y, Z Hou, M Huang, F Tian, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Inverse Modeling of Hydrologic Parameters Using Surface Flux and Runoff Observations in the Community Land Model." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17:4995-5011.  doi:10.5194/hess-17-4995-2013
  • Voisin N, L Liu, MI Hejazi, TK Tesfa, H Li, M Huang, Y Liu, and LYR Leung. 2013. "One-way coupling of an integrated assessment model and a water resources model: evaluation and implications of future changes over the US Midwest ." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17(No. 11):4555-4575.  doi:10.5194/hess-17-4555-2013
  • Voisin N, H Li, DL Ward, M Huang, MS Wigmosta, and LYR Leung. 2013. "On an improved sub-regional water resources management representation for integration into earth system models." Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 17(9):3605-3622.  doi:10.5194/hess-17-3605-2013
  • Wang Y, J Fan, R Zhang, LYR Leung, and CN Franklin. 2013. "Improving Bulk Microphysics Parameterizations in Simulations of Aerosol Effects." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(11):5361-5379.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50432
  • Xu Y, R Bahadur, C Zhao, and LYR Leung. 2013. "Estimating the Radiative Forcing of Carbonaceous Aerosols over California based on Satellite and Ground Observations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(19):11,14811,160.  doi:10.1002/jgrd.50835
  • Yang B, Y Qian, G Lin, LYR Leung, PJ Rasch, GJ Zhang, SA McFarlane, C Zhao, Y Zhang, H Wang, M Wang, and X Liu. 2013. "Uncertainty Quantification and Parameter Tuning in the CAM5 Zhang-McFarlane Convection Scheme and Impact of Improved Convection on the Global Circulation and Climate." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 118(2):395-415.  doi:10.1029/2012JD018213
  • Yang Z, T Wang, LYR Leung, KA Hibbard, AC Janetos, IP Kraucunas, JS Rice, B Preston, and T Wilbanks. 2013. "A modeling study of coastal inundation induced by storm surge, sea-level rise, and subsidence in the Gulf of Mexico." Natural Hazards 71(3):1771-1794.  doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0974-6
  • Zhao C, S Chen, LYR Leung, Y Qian, J Kok, RA Zaveri, and J Huang. 2013. "Uncertainty in Modeling Dust Mass Balance and Radiative Forcing from Size Parameterization." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13:1073310753.  doi:10.5194/acp-13-10733-2013


  • Balaguru K, P Chang, R Saravanan, LYR Leung, Z Xu, M Li, and J Hsieh. 2012. "Ocean Barrier Layers’ Effect on Tropical Cyclone Intensification." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(36):14343-14347.  doi:10.1073/pnas.1201364109
  • Fan J, D Rosenfeld, Y Ding, LYR Leung, and Z Li. 2012. "Potential Aerosol Indirect Effects on Atmospheric Circulation and Radiative Forcing through Deep Convection." Geophysical Research Letters 39:Article No. L09806.  doi:10.1029/2012GL051851
  • Hagos SM, and LYR Leung. 2012. "Large-scale Environmental Variables and Transition to Deep Convection in Cloud Resolving Model Simulations: A Vector Representation." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 4:M11001.  doi:10.1029/2012MS000155
  • Hagos SM, and LYR Leung. 2012. "On the relationship between uncertainties in tropical divergence and the hydrological cycle in global models." Journal of Climate 25(1):381-391.  doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00058.1
  • Yoon JH, LYR Leung, and J Correia Jr.. 2012. "Comparison of Dynamically and Statistically Downscaled Seasonal Climate Forecasts for the Cold Season over the United States." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117:D21109.  doi:10.1029/2012JD017650
  • Done J, G Holland, C Bruyere, LYR Leung, and A Suzuki-Parker. 2012. "Modeling High-Impact Weather and Climate: Lessons From a Tropical Cyclone Perspective." NCAR Technical Notes NCAR/TN-490+STR:1-28.  doi:10.5065/D61834FM
  • Fan J, LYR Leung, Z Li, H Morrison, H Chen, Y Zhou, Y Qian, and Y Wang. 2012. "Aerosol Impacts on Clouds and Precipitation in Eastern China: Results from Bin and Bulk Microphysics." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117:Article No. D00K36.  doi:10.1029/2011JD016537
  • Gao Y, LYR Leung, E Salathe, F Dominguez, B Nijssen, and DP Lettenmaier. 2012. "Moisture Flux Convergence in Regional and Global Climate Models: Implications for Droughts in the Southwestern United States Under Climate Change." Geophysical Research Letters 39:Article No. L09711.  doi:10.1029/2012GL051560
  • Gu Y, KN Liou, WL Lee, and LYR Leung. 2012. "Simulating 3-D Radiative Transfer Effects over the Sierra Nevada Mountains using WRF." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12(20):99659976.  doi:10.5194/acp-12-9965-2012
  • Hou Z, M Huang, LYR Leung, G Lin, and DM Ricciuto. 2012. "Sensitivity of Surface Flux Simulations to Hydrologic Parameters Based on an Uncertainty Quantification Framework Applied to the Community Land Model ." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 117:D15108.  doi:10.1029/2012JD017521
  • Ke Y, LYR Leung, M Huang, AM Coleman, H Li, and MS Wigmosta. 2012. "Development of High Resolution Land Surface Parameters for the Community Land Model." Geoscientific Model Development 5(6):1341-1362.  doi:10.5194/gmd-5-1341-2012
  • Li H, H Wu, M Huang, and LYR Leung. 2012. "Representing natural and manmade drainage systems in an earth system modeling framework." Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering 1(2):Article No. e107. 
  • Mearns LO, R Arritt, S Biner, M Bukovsky, S McGinnis, S Sain, D Caya, J Correia Jr., D Flory, W Gutowski, G Takle, R Jones, LYR Leung, W Moufouma-Okia, L McDaniel, A Nunes, Y Qian, J Roads, L Sloan, and MA Snyder. 2012. "The North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program: Overview of Phase I Results." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93(9):1337-1362.  doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00223.1
  • Post ES, A Grambsch, CP Weaver, P Morefield, J Huang, LYR Leung, CG Nolte, PJ Adams, XZ Liang, J Zhu, and H Mahoney. 2012. "Variation in Estimated Ozone-Related Health Impacts of Climate Change due to Modeling Choices and Assumptions." Environmental Health Perspectives 120(11):15591564.  doi:10.1289/ehp.1104271
  • Wu H, JS Kimball, H Li, M Huang, LYR Leung, and RF Adler. 2012. "A New Global River Network Database for Macroscale Hydrologic modeling." Water Resources Research 48:W09701.  doi:10.1029/2012WR012313
  • Yang B, Y Qian, G Lin, LYR Leung, and Y Zhang. 2012. "Some Issues in Uncertainty Quantification and Parameter Tuning: A Case Study of Convective Parameterization Scheme in the WRF Regional Climate Model." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12(5):2409-2427.  doi:10.5194/acp-12-2409-2012
  • Yang Q, WI Gustafson, Jr, JD Fast, H Wang, RC Easter, Jr, M Wang, SJ Ghan, LK Berg, LYR Leung, and H Morrison. 2012. "Impact of natural and anthropogenic aerosols on stratocumulus and precipitation in the Southeast Pacific: A regional modeling study using WRF-Chem." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12(18):8777-8796.  doi:10.5194/acp-12-8777-2012
  • Zhang Y, Y Qian, V Duliere, E Salathe, and LYR Leung. 2012. "ENSO anomalies over the Western United States: present and future patterns in regional climate simulations." Climatic Change 110(1):315-346.  doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0088-7
  • Zhao C, X Liu, and LYR Leung. 2012. "Impact of the Desert Dust on the Summer Monsoon System over Southwestern North America ." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12(8):3717-3731.  doi:10.5194/acp-12-3717-2012
  • Zhong SS, X Li, X Bian, WE Heilman, LYR Leung, and WI Gustafson, Jr. 2012. "Evaluation of Regional Climate Simulations over the Great Lakes Region Driven by Three Global Data Sets." Journal of Great Lakes Research 38(2):212-225.  doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2012.03.012


  • Hagos SM, and LYR Leung. 2011. "Moist thermodynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a cloud resolving simulation." Journal of Climate 24(21):55715583.  doi:10.1175/2011JCLI4212.1
  • Hagos SM, LYR Leung, and J Dudhia. 2011. "Thermodynamics of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a Regional Model with Constrained Moisture." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences 68(9):1974-1989.  doi:10.1175/2011JAS3592.1
  • Bennartz R, J Fan, J Rausch, LYR Leung, and AK Heidinger. 2011. "Pollution from China increases cloud droplet number, suppresses rain over the East China Sea." Geophysical Research Letters 38:Article No. L09704.  doi:10.1029/2011GL047235
  • Li H, M Huang, MS Wigmosta, Y Ke, AM Coleman, LYR Leung, A Wang, and DM Ricciuto. 2011. "Evaluating runoff simulations from the Community Land Model 4.0 using observations from flux towers and a mountainous watershed." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 116:Article No. D24120.  doi:10.1029/2011JD016276
  • Murthi A, KP Bowman, and LYR Leung. 2011. "Simulations of Precipitation Using NRCM and Comparisons with Satellite Observations and CAM: Annual Cycle." Climate Dynamics 36(9-10):1659-1679.  doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0878-z
  • Qian Y, MG Flanner, LYR Leung, and W Wang. 2011. "Sensitivity studies on the impacts of Tibetan Plateau snowpack pollution on the Asian hydrological cycle and monsoon climate." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11(5):1929-1948.  doi:10.5194/acp-11-1929-2011
  • Zhao C, X Liu, LYR Leung, and SM Hagos. 2011. "Radiative impact of mineral dust on monsoon precipitation variability over West Africa ." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11(5):1879-1893.  doi:10.5194/acp-11-1879-2011


  • Qian Y, D Gong, and LYR Leung. 2010. "Light rain events change over North America, Europe and Asia for 1973-2009." Atmospheric Science Letters 11(4):301-306.  doi:10.1002/asl.298
  • Banner JL, CS Jackson, ZL Yang, K Hayhoe, C Woodhouse, L Gulden, K Jacobs, G North, LYR Leung, WM Washington, X Jiang, and R Casteel. 2010. "Climate Change Impacts on Texas Water: A White Paper Assessment of the Past, Present and Future and Recommendations for Action." Texas Water Journal 1(1):1-19. 
  • Chung CE, V Ramanathan, G Carmichael, S Kulkarni, Y Tang, B Adhikary, LYR Leung, and Y Qian. 2010. "Anthropogenic Aerosol Radiative Forcing in Asia Derived From Regional Models With Atmospheric and Aerosol Data Assimilation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10(13):6007-6024.  doi:10.5194/acp-10-6007-2010
  • Gutowski W, R Arritt, S Kawazoe, D Flory, ES Takle, S Biner, D Caya, R Jones, R Laprise, LYR Leung, LO Mearns, W Moufouma-Okia, A Nunes, Y Qian, JO Roads, L Sloan, and MA Snyder. 2010. "Regional Extreme Monthly Precipitation Simulated by NARCCAP RCMs." Journal of Hydrometeorology 11(6):1373-1379.  doi:10.1175/2010JHM1297.1
  • Leung LYR, M Huang, Y Qian, and X Liang. 2010. "Climate-Soil-Vegetation Control on Groundwater Table Dynamics and its Feedbacks in a Climate Model." Climate Dynamics 36(1-2):57-81.  doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0746-x
  • Lu N, ZT Taylor, W Jiang, C Jin, J Correia, Jr, LYR Leung, and PC Wong. 2010. "Climate Change Impacts on Residential and Commercial Loads in the Western U.S. Grid." IEEE Transactions on Power Systems 25(1):480-488. 
  • Ray P, C Zhang, M Moncrieff, J Dudhia, JM Caron, LYR Leung, and C Bruyere. 2010. "Role of the Atmospheric Mean State on the Initiation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a Tropical Channel Model." Climate Dynamics 36(1-2):161-184.  doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0859-2
  • Salathe E, LYR Leung, Y Qian, and Y Zhang. 2010. "Regional Climate Model Projections for the State of Washington." Climatic Change 102(1-2):51-75.  doi:10.1007/s10584-010-9849-y
  • Zhao C, X Liu, LYR Leung, B Johnson, SA McFarlane, WI Gustafson, Jr, JD Fast, and RC Easter, Jr. 2010. "The spatial distribution of mineral dust and its shortwave radiative forcing over North Africa: Modeling sensitivities to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments ." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10(18):8821-8838.  doi:10.5194/acp-10-8821-2010


  • Qian Y, SJ Ghan, and LR Leung. 2009. "Downscaling hydroclimatic changes over the Western U.S. Based on CAM subgrid scheme and WRF regional climate simulations." International Journal of Climatology 30(5):675-693.  doi:10.1002/joc.1928
  • Qian Y, WI Gustafson, Jr, LYR Leung, and SJ Ghan. 2009. "Effects of soot-induced snow albedo change on snowpack and hydrological cycle in western United States based on Weather Research and Forecasting chemistry and regional climate simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114:D03108.  doi:10.1029/2008JD011039
  • Fan J, T Yuan, JM Comstock, SJ Ghan, A Khain, LYR Leung, Z Li, VJ Martins, and M Ovchinnikov. 2009. "Dominant Role by Vertical Wind Shear in Regulating Aerosol Effects on Deep Convective Clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114(D22206):, doi:10.1029/2009JD012352
  • Khain A, LYR Leung, BH Lynn, and SJ Ghan. 2009. "Effects of aerosols on the dynamics and microphysics of squall lines simulated by WRF with spectral bin and bulk parameterization schemes." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114(D22203):, doi:10.1029/2009JD011902
  • Leung LR, and Y Qian. 2009. "Atmospheric Rivers Induced Heavy Precipitation and Flooding in the Western U.S. Simulated by the WRF Regional Climate Model." Geophysical Research Letters 36:Article number: L03820.  doi:10.1029/2008GL036445
  • Lu N, ZT Taylor, W Jiang, J Correia, Jr, LR Leung, and PC Wong. 2009. "The Temperature Sensitivity of the Residential Load and Commercial Building Load." In IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PES '09), July 26-30, 2009, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, ed. .  IEEE, Piscataway, NJ.  doi:10.1109/PES.2009.5275654
  • Mearns LO, W Gutowski, R Jones, LYR Leung, S McGinnis, A Nunes, and Y Qian. 2009. "A Regional Climate Change Assessment Program for North America." Eos 90(36):,
  • Qian Y, D Gong, J Fan, LR Leung, R Bennartz, D Chen, and W Wang. 2009. "Heavy pollution suppresses light rain in China: observations and modeling." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114:article number D00K02.  doi:10.1029/2008JD011575
  • Wang Y, CN Long, LYR Leung, J Dudhia, SA McFarlane, JH Mather, SJ Ghan, and X Liu. 2009. "Evaluating regional cloud-permitting simulations of the WRF model for the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE, Darwin 2006)." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 114(D21203):, doi:10.1029/2009JD012729
  • Weaver CP, XZ Liang, J Zhu, PJ Adams, P Amar, J Avise, M Caughey, J Chen, RC Cohen, E Cooter, JP Dawson, R Gilliam, A Gilliland, AH Goldstein, A Grambsch, D Grano, A Guenther, WI Gustafson, Jr, RA Harley, S He, B Hemming, C Hogrefe, HC Huang, SW Hunt, D Jacob, PL Kinney, K Kunkel, JF Lamarque, BK Lamb, N Larkin, LYR Leung, KJ Liao, J Lin, BH Lynn, K Manomaiphiboon, CS Mass, D KcKenzie, LJ Mickley, S O'Neil, C Nolte, SN Pandis, PN Racherla, C Rosenzweig, AG Russell, E Salathe, AL Steiner, E Tagaris, Z Tao, S Tonse, C Wiedinmyer, A Williams, DA Winner, JH Woo, S Wu, and DJ Wuebbles. 2009. "A Preliminary Synthesis of Modeled Climate Change Impacts on U.S. Regional Ozone Concentrations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90(12):18431863 .  doi:10.1175/2009BAMS2568.1
  • Wong PC, LYR Leung, N Lu, MJ Scott, PS Mackey, HP Foote, J Correia, Jr, ZT Taylor, J Xu, SD Unwin, and AP Sanfilippo. 2009. "Designing a Collaborative Visual Analytics Tool for Social and Technological Change Prediction." IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 29(5):58-68.  doi:10.1109/MCG.2009.92
  • Wong PC, LYR Leung, N Lu, ML Paget, J Correia, Jr, W Jiang, PS Mackey, ZT Taylor, YL Xie, J Xu, SD Unwin, and AP Sanfilippo. 2009. "Predicting the Impact of Climate Change on U.S. Power Grids and Its Wider Implications on National Security." In AAAI Spring Symposium on Technosocial Predictive Analytics, vol. SS-09-09, pp. 148-153.  AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA. 
  • Zhu C, LR Leung, D Gochis, Y Qian, and DP Lettenmaier. 2009. "Evaluating the influence of antecedent soil moisture on variability of the North American Monsoon precipitation in the coupled MM5/VIC modeling system." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 1:Art. # 13, 22 pp.  doi:10.3894/JAMES.2009.1.13


  • Qian Y, Q Song, S Menon, S Yu, SC Liu, G Shi, LR Leung, and Y Luo. 2008. "Climate Impacts of Atmospheric Sulfate and Black Carbon Aerosols." In Changes In The Human-Monsoon System Of East Asia In The Context Of Global Change, ed. C Fu, JR Freney. JWB Stewart, pp. 115-132.  World Scientific Publishing Company, Imperial College Press, Hackensack, NJ. 
  • Adhikary B, Kulkarni, A Dallura, Y Tang, T Chai, LR Leung, Y Qian, CE Chung, V Ramanathan, and G Carmichael. 2008. "A regional scale chemical transport modeling of Asian aerosols with data assimilation of AOD observations using optimal interpolation technique." Atmospheric Environment 42(37):8600-8615.  doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.08.031
  • Huang M, X Liang, and LR Leung. 2008. "A Generalized Subsurface Flow Parameterization Considering Subgrid Spatial Variability of Recharge and Topography." Journal of Hydrometeorology 9(6):1151-1171.  doi:10.1175/2008JHM936.1
  • Kennedy TL, DS Gutzler, and LR Leung. 2008. "Predicting future threats to the long-term survival of Gila Trout using a high-resolution simulation of climate change." Climatic Change doi:10.1007/s10584-008-9503-0
  • Lu N, ZT Taylor, W Jiang, YL Xie, LR Leung, J Correia, Jr, PC Wong, PS Mackey, and ML Paget. 2008. Climate Change Impacts on Residential and Commercial Loads in the Western U.S. Grid PNNL-17826, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang J, WC Wang, and LR Leung. 2008. "Contribution of Land-atmosphere Coupling to Summer Climate Variability over the Contiguous United States ." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 113(22):D22109.  doi:10.1029/2008JD010136
  • Zhang Y, XM Hu, LR Leung, and WI Gustafson, Jr. 2008. "Impacts of Regional Climate Change on Biogenic Emissions and Air Quality." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 113:D18310.  doi:10.1029/2008JD009965


  • Gustafson WI, Jr, and LR Leung. 2007. "Regional Downscaling for Air Quality Assessment: A Reasonable Proposition?" Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88(8):1215-1227. 
  • Qian Y, and LR Leung. 2007. "A Long-term Regional Simulation and Observations of the Hydroclimate in China." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 112:, doi:10.1029/2006JD008134
  • Adhikary B, G Carmichael, Y Tang, LR Leung, Y Qian, JJ Schauer, EA Stone, V Ramanathan, and MV Ramana. 2007. "Characterization of the seasonal cycle of south Asian aerosols: A Regional-Scale Modeling Analysis. ." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 112(D22):D22S22 (22 pages).  doi:10.1029/2006JD008143
  • Qian Y, W Wang, LR Leung, and DP Kaiser. 2007. "Variability of Solar Radiation under Cloud-Free Skies in China: The Role of Aerosols." Geophysical Research Letters 34:Art. No. L12804.  doi:10.1029/2006GL028800
  • Tagaris E, K Manomaiphiboon, KJ Liao, LR Leung, JH Woo, S He, P Amar, and AG Russell. 2007. "Impacts of Global Climate Change and Emissions on Regional Ozone and Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations over United States." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 112:paper number: D14312.  doi:10.1029/2006JD008262


  • Leung LR, YH Kuo, and J Tribbia. 2006. "Research Needs and Directions of Regional Climate Modeling Using WRF and CCSM." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 87(12):1747-1751. 
  • Qian Y, DP Kaiser, LR Leung, and M Xu. 2006. "More Frequent Cloud-Free Sky and Less Surface Solar Radiation in China from 1955 to 2000." Geophysical Research Letters 33(1):L01812, doi: 10.1029/2005GL024586. 
  • Duffy P, R Arritt, J Coquard, W Gutowski, J Han, J Iorio, J Kim, LR Leung, J Roads, and E Zeledon. 2006. "Simulations of Present and Future Climates in the Western United States with Four Nested Regional Climate Models." Journal of Climate 19(6):873-895. 
  • Wong PC, HP Foote, LR Leung, ER Jurrus, DR Adams, and JJ Thomas. 2006. "Vector Fields Simplification-A Case Study of Visualizing Climate Modeling and Simulation Data Sets." In Visualization 2000. Proceedings, pp. 485 - 488, 596 .  IEEE , New York City, NY. 


  • Leung LR. 2005. "Effects of Climate Variability and Change on Mountain Water Resources in the Western U.S." In Global Change and Mountain Regions, Advances in Global Change Research , vol. 23, ed. UM Huber, HKM Bugmann, and MA Reasoner, pp. 355-364.  Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 
  • Hogrefe C, LR Leung, LJ Mickley, SW Hunt, and DA Winner. 2005. "Considering Climate Change in U.S. Air Quality Management." EM: Air & Waste Management Association's magazine for environmental managers October 2005:19-23. 
  • Leung LR, and WI Gustafson, Jr. 2005. "Potential Regional Climate Change and Implications to U.S. Air Quality." Geophysical Research Letters 32(16):L16711.  doi:10.1029/2005GL022911
  • Leung LR, and Y Qian. 2005. "Downscaling Extended Weather Forecasts for Hydrologic Prediction." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86(3):332-333. 
  • Leung LR, and Y Qian. 2005. "Hydrologic Response to Climate Variability, Climate Change, and Climate Extreme in the U.S.: Climate Model Evaluation and Projections." In Regional Hydrological Impacts of Climate Change - Impact Assessment and Decision Making, IAHS Publication 295, ed. T. Wagener, et al., pp. 37-44.  IAHS Press, Wallingford, Oxfordshire. 
  • Zhao Z, LR Leung, and Y Qian. 2005. "Characteristics of Diurnal Variations of Rainfall in China for the Recent Years." Exchanges : newsletter of the Climate Variability and Predictability Programme (CLIVAR) 10(3):24-26. 


  • Wong PC, HP Foote, DR Adams, WE Cowley, LR Leung, and JJ Thomas. 2004. "Visualizing Data Streams." Chapter 11 in Visual and Spatial Analysis: Advances in Data Mining, Reasoning, and Problem Solving, ed. Boris Kovalerchuk and James Schwing, pp. 265-291.  Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands. 
  • Easter RC, Jr, SJ Ghan, Y Zhang, RD Saylor, EG Chapman, NS Laulainen, H Abdul-Razzak, LR Leung, X Bian, and RA Zaveri. 2004. "MIRAGE: Model Description and Evaluation of Aerosols and Trace Gases." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 109(D20):D20210.  doi:10.1029/2004JD004571
  • Guo J, X Liang, and LR Leung. 2004. "A New Multiscale Flow Network Generation Scheme for Land Surface Models." Geophysical Research Letters 31(23):L23502.  doi:10.1029/2004GL021381
  • Guo J, X Liang, and LR Leung. 2004. "Impacts of Different Precipitation Data Sources on Water Budgets." Journal of Hydrology 298(1-4):311-334. 
  • Guo J, X Liang, and LYR Leung. 2004. "A New Multi-Scale Flow Network Generation Scheme for Land Surface Models." Geophysical Research Letters 31(23):Article no. 23502.  doi:10.1029/2004GL021381
  • Leung LR, Y Qian, X Bian, WM Washington, J Han, and JO Roads. 2004. "Mid-Century Ensemble Regional Climate Change Scenarios for the Western United States." Climatic Change 62(1-3):75-113. 
  • Leung LR, S Zhong, Y Qian, and Y Liu. 2004. "Evaluation of Regional Climate Simulations of the 1998 and 1999 East Asian Summer Monsoon Using the GAME/HUBEX Observational Data." Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 82(6):1695-1713. 
  • Liang X, J Guo, and LR Leung. 2004. "Assessment of the effects of spatial resolutions on daily water flux simulations ." Journal of Hydrology 298(1-4):287-310 .  doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.07.007
  • Liang X, J Guo, and LR Leung. 2004. "Assessment of the Effects of Spatial Resolutions on Daily Water Flux Simulations." Journal of Hydrology 298(1-4):287-310. 
  • Wang Y, LR Leung, JL McGregor, DK Lee, WC Wang, Y Ding, and F Kimura. 2004. "Regional Climate Modeling: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects." Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan 82(6):1599-1628. 
  • Wood AW, LR Leung, V Sridhar, and DP Lettenmaier. 2004. "Hydrologic Implications of Dynamical and Statistical Approaches to Downscaling Climate Model Outputs." Climatic Change 62(1-3):189-216. 


  • Leung LR, LO Mearns, F Giorgi, and RL Wilby. 2003. "Regional Climate Research: Needs and Opportunities." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 84(1):89-95. 
  • Qian Y, LR Leung, SJ Ghan, and F Giorgi. 2003. "Regional Climate Effects of Aerosols Over China: Modeling and Observation." Tellus Series B, Chemical and Physical Meteorology 55(4):914-934. 
  • Leung LR, Y Qian, and X Bian. 2003. "Hydroclimate of the Western United States Based on Observations and Regional Climate Simulations of 1981-2000. Part I: Seasonal Statistics." Journal of Climate 16(12):1892-1911. 
  • Leung LR, Y Qian, J Han, and JO Roads. 2003. "Intercomparison of Global Reanalyses and Regional Simulations of Cold Season Water Budgets in the Western United States." Journal of Hydrometeorology 4(6):1067-1087. 
  • Leung LR, Y Qian, X Bian, and AG Hunt. 2003. "Hydroclimate of the Western United States Based on Observations and Regional Climate Simulations of 1981-2000. Part II: Mesoscale ENSO Anomalies." Journal of Climate 16(12):1912-1928. 
  • Leung LR, and Y Qian. 2003. "Changes in Seasonal and Extreme Hydrologic Conditions of the Georgia Basin/Puget Sound in an Ensemble Regional Climate Simulation for the Mid-Century." Canadian Water Resources Journal 28(4):605-631. 
  • Leung LR, and Y Qian. 2003. "The Sensitivity of Precipitation and Snowpack Simulations to Model Resolution via Nesting in Regions of Complex Terrain." Journal of Hydrometeorology 4(6):1025-1043. 
  • Wigmosta MS, and LR Leung. 2003. "Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Streamflow and Flooding in Snow Dominated Forest Basins." Chapter 2 in Environmental Change and Geomorphic Hazards in Forests: IUFRO Research Series, No. 9, ed. R.C Sidle, pp. 7-24.  CABI Publishing, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 


  • Thomson AM, RA Brown, SJ Ghan, RCC Izaurralde, NJ Rosenberg, and LR Leung. 2002. "Elevation dependence of winter wheat production in eastern Washington state with climate change: A methodological study." Climatic Change 54:141-164. 
  • Wong PC, HP Foote, DL Kao, LR Leung, and JJ Thomas. 2002. "Mulitvariate Visualization with Data Fusion." Information Visualization 1(3-4):182-193. 
  • Wong PC, HP Foote, DL Kao, LR Leung, and JJ Thomas. 2002. "Mulitvariate Visualization with Data Fusion." In Infomation Visualization, vol. 1, no. 3/4, ed. Chaomei Chen, pp. 182-193.  MacMillan, Hampshire, United Kingdom. 
  • Chin G, Jr, LR Leung, KL Schuchardt, and DK Gracio. 2002. "New Paradigms in Problem Solving Environments for Scientific Computing." In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, pp. 39-46.  ACM Press, New York, NY. 
  • Leung LR, X Bian, and Y Qian. 2002. "Long-Term Regional Climate Simulations Driven by Two Global Reanalyses and a GCM for the Western United States." In 4th International Scientific Conference on Global Energy and Water Cycle, 13th Symposium on Global Change and Climate Variations, pp. 65-67.  American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA. 


  • Chin G, Jr, LR Leung, KL Schuchardt, and DK Gracio. 2001. "Conceptualizing a Collaborative Problem-Solving Environment for Regional Climate Modeling and Assessment of Climate Impacts." In Computational science - ICCS 2001 : international conference, San Francisco, CA, USA, May 28-30, 2001 : proceedings /, vol. 2073, no. 1, ed. Vassil Alexandrov, pp. 159-174.  Springer, New York, NY. 
  • Ghan SJ, NS Laulainen, RC Easter, Jr, R Wagener, S Nemesure, EG Chapman, Y Zhang, and LR Leung. 2001. "Evaluation of Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing in MIRAGE." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 106(D6):5295-5316. 
  • Ghan SJ, RC Easter, Jr, EG Chapman, H Abdul-Razzak, Y Zhang, LR Leung, NS Laulainen, RD Saylor, and RA Zaveri. 2001. "A Physically-Based Estimate of Radiative Forcing by Anthropogenic Sulfate Aerosol." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 106(D6):5279-5293. 


  • Leung LR, and MS Wigmosta. 2000. "The roles of subgrid topography on land-atmosphere interactions." In 15th Conference On Hydrology, pp. 194-197.  American Meteorological Society, Boston, MA. 
  • Wong PC, HP Foote, LR Leung, DR Adams, and JJ Thomas. 2000. "Data Signature and Visualization of Scientific Data Sets." IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 20(2):12-15. 


  • Leung LR, AF Hamlet, DP Lettenmaier, and A Kumar. 1999. "Simulations of the ENSO Hydroclimate Signals in the Pacific Northwest Columbia River Basin." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 80(11):2313-2329. 
  • Leung LR, and MS Wigmosta. 1999. "Potential climate change impacts on mountain watersheds in the Pacific Northwest." Journal of the American Water Resources Association 35(6):1463-1471 . 
  • Leung LR, and SJ Ghan. 1999. "Pacific Northwest Sensitivity Simulated by a Regional Climate Model Driven by a GCM. Part I: Control Simulations." Journal of Climate 12(7):2010-2030. 
  • Leung LR, and SJ Ghan. 1999. "Pacific Northwest Sensitivity Simulated by a Regional Climate Model Driven by a GCM. Part II: 2XCO2 Simulations." Journal of Climate 12(7):2031-2053. 
  • Leung LR, SJ Ghan, Z Zhao, Y Luo, WC Wang, and HL Wei. 1999. "Intercomparison of Regional Climate Simulations of the 1991 Summer Monsoon in Eastern Asia." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 104:6425-6454. 
  • Ghan SJ, LR Leung, and J McCaa. 1999. "A Comparison of Three Different Modeling Strategies for Evaluating Cloud and Radiation Parameterizations." Monthly Weather Review 127(9):1967-1984. 


  • Leung LR, and SJ Ghan. 1998. "Parameterizing Subgrid Orographic Precipitation and Surface Cover in Climate Models." Monthly Weather Review 126(12):3271-3291. 

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