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Staff information


Kevin Rosso

Physical Sciences Division
Laboratory Fellow, TL
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
MSIN: K8-96
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Kevin Rosso is a Laboratory Fellow and the Associate Director for the Chemical and Material Science Division, Geochemistry Group. Dr. Rosso joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in 1998 and is recognized for his work to creatively address long-standing problems in mineral surface chemistry related to reactivity and electron exchange at the mineral-water interface. Dr. Rosso's current projects include the following: (1) characterizing the kinetics and mechanisms of elementary charge and ion transport processes in redox transformation of iron oxide minerals, (2) predicting molecular-scale electron transfer kinetics in microbially-mediated reduction of bioavailable iron in subsurface environments, (3) studying mechanisms of heterogeneous reduction of contaminant U(VI) and Tc(VII) by Fe(II)-bearing minerals, (4) simulation of coupled charge and ion transport in transition metal oxide electrodes for advanced materials applications, (5) probing mechanisms and kinetics of mineral transformation to metal carbonates for geological carbon sequestration, and (6) studying mechanisms of uptake and retention of uranium in sediments.

For example, Kevin Rosso and Paul Meakin recently produced an article in the Journal of Chemical Physics on simple kinetic Monte Carlo models for dissolution pitting induced by crystal defences.

Copyright 2008 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The article appeared in The Journal of Chemical Physics.

Research Interests

  • Elucidating the relationships between the atomic and electronic structure of natural materials with their reactivity and physical properties, particularly at surfaces, using various concepts and tools of surface science, chemistry, solid state physics, and crystal chemistry.

Education and Credentials

  • Ph.D., Geochemistry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • M.S., Geochemistry, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • B.S. Geological Sciences, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Awards and Recognitions

PNNL Publications









  • Gorby YA, JS McLean, AA Korenevsky, KM Rosso, MY El-Naggar, and TJ Beveridge. 2008. "Redox-Reactive Membrane Vesicles produced by Shewanella." Geobiology 6(3):232-241.  doi:10.1111/j.1472-4669.2008.00158.x
  • Meakin P, and KM Rosso. 2008. "Simple Kinetic Monte Carlo Models for Dissolution Pitting Induced by Crystal Defects." Journal of Chemical Physics 129(20):204106.  doi:10.1063/1.3021478







  • Rosso KM, and JJ Morgan. 2002. "Outer-Sphere Electron Transfer Kinetics of Metal Ion Oxidation by Molecular Oxygen." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 66(24):4223-4233. 
  • Rosso KM, JR Rustad, and GV Gibbs. 2002. "Trivalent Ion Hydrolysis Reactions II: Analysis of Electron Density Distributions in Metal-Oxygen Bonds." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 106(35):8133-8138. 
  • Lower SK, MF Hochella, J Banfield, and KM Rosso. 2002. "Nanogeoscience: From the Movement of Electrons to Lithosphere Plates." Eos 83(6):1. 


  • Rosso KM, and JR Rustad. 2001. "The Structures and Energies of AlOOH and FeOOH Polymorphs from Plane Wave Pseudopotential Calculations." American Mineralogist 86:312-317. 
  • Rosso KM, JR Rustad, and EJ Bylaska. 2001. "The Cs/K Exchange in Muscovite Interlayers: An Ab Initio Treatment." Clays and Clay Minerals 49(6):500-513. 
  • Rosso KM. 2001. "The Structure and Reactivity of Semiconducting Mineral Surfaces: Convergence of Molecular Modeling and Experiment." Chapter 7 in Molecular Modeling Theory and Applications in the Geosciences, Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry , vol. 42, ed. Randy T. Cygan and James D. Kubicki, pp. 199-271.  Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC. 
  • Becker U, KM Rosso, and MF Hochella. 2001. "The Proximity Effect on Semiconducting Mineral Surfaces: A new aspect of Mineral Surface Reactivity and Surface Complexation Theory?" Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 65(16):2641-2649. 
  • Becker U, and KM Rosso. 2001. "Step Edges on Galena (100): Probing the Basis for Defect Driven Surface Reactivity at the Atomic Scale." American Mineralogist 86:862-870. 
  • Gibbs GV, MB Boisen, Jr, LL Beverly, and KM Rosso. 2001. "A computational quantum chemical study of the bonded interactions in earth materials and structurally and chemically related molecules." Chapter 10 in Molecular Modeling Theory: Applications in Geosciences. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 42, ed. Randall T. Cygan and James D. Kubicki, pp. 345-382.  Mineralogical Society of America, Washington DC. 


  • Rosso KM, and JR Rustad. 2000. "Ab Initio Calculation of Homogeneous Outer Sphere Electron Transfer Rates: Application to M(OH2)(6)(3+/2+) Redox Couples." Journal of Physical Chemistry A 104(29):6718-6725. 
  • Rosso KM, U Becker, and MF Hochella Jr.. 2000. "Surface Defects and Self-Diffusion on Pyrite {100}: an Ultra-High Vacuum Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Theoretical Modeling Study." American Mineralogist 85:1428-1436. 
  • Gibbs GV, KM Rosso, DM Teter, MB Boisen, Jr., and MST Bukowinski. 2000. "Model Structures and Electron Density Distributions of the Silica Polymorph Coesite at Pressure: An assesment of OO bonded interactions." Journal of Physical Chemistry B 104(45):10534-10542. 


  • Rosso KM, and MF Hochella. 1999. "A UHV STM/STS and ab initio investigation of covellite {001} surfaces." Surface Science 423(2-3):364-374. 
  • Rosso KM, GV Gibbs, and MB Boisen, Jr. 1999. "SiO bonded interactions in coesite: A comparison of crystalline, molecular and experimental electron density distributions." Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 26(3):264-272. 
  • Rosso KM, U Becker, and MF Hochella. 1999. "Atomically resolved electronic structure of pyrite {100} surfaces: An experimental and theoretical investigation with implication for reactivity." American Mineralogist 84(10):1535-1548. 
  • Rosso KM, U Becker, and MF Hochella. 1999. "The interaction of pyrite {100} surfaces with O2 and H2O: Fundamental oxidation mechanisms." American Mineralogist 84(10):1549-1561. 
  • Gibbs GV, KM Rosso, DM Teter, MB Boisen, Jr., and MST Bukowinski. 1999. "Model Structure and Properties of the Electron Density Distribution for Low Quartz at Pressure: A Study of the SiO Bond." Journal of Molecular Structure - Theochem 486:13-25. 

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