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PNNL scientists contribute to Nobel Prize-winning IPCC

October 25, 2007 Share This!

  • National Laboratory have contributed to the global efforts of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which recently received the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize in equal parts with former Vice President Al Gore.

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RICHLAND, Wash. – More than 20 scientists at the Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have contributed to the global efforts of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which recently received the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize in equal parts with former Vice President Al Gore.

PNNL scientists have contributed to the IPCC’s authoritative assessments of the state of the global climate, the impacts associated with climate change, and the set of technological, institutional and policy options available to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

“I’m proud of how involved our climate experts have been in supporting the IPCC’s assessment efforts,” said Mike Kluse, PNNL interim director. “The depth and breadth of contribution demonstrates their standing as world-class experts and their influence on the scientific, technical and socio-economic understanding of climate change.”

PNNL’s climate experts have served as convening lead authors, lead authors, review editors and expert reviewers on IPCC reports. Seminal research from PNNL is cited throughout IPCC reports. PNNL scientists also have contributed intellectual frameworks that influenced IPCC assessments and the broader climate change community in areas as diverse as integrated assessment, technology’s role in mitigation, carbon dioxide capture and storage, and social science contributions in addressing climate change challenges.

After receiving news of the prize, IPCC Chairman Dr. Rajendra K. Pachauri said, “I would like to pay tribute to the scientific community, who are the winners of this award. The experts and scientists are the backbone of the IPCC.”

The IPCC was recognized for its contributions over the last two decades to create an “an ever-broader informed consensus about the connection between human activities and global warming. Thousands of scientists and officials from over one hundred countries have collaborated to achieve greater certainty as to the scale of the warming,” according to the Nobel Foundation’s announcement.

Thousands of scientists from around the world contribute to IPCC reports. The United Nations and World Meteorological Organization established the IPCC in 1988 to provide information relevant to climate change, periodically issuing reports to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the current state of knowledge on climate change.

PNNL’s Atmospheric Science & Global Change Division supports DOE’s energy mission by conducting basic and applied research in climate physics, regional climate modeling, meteorology, integrated assessment and policy analysis, and atmospheric chemistry, transport and diffusion. Major programs supported by this division include the DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program, the DOE Atmospheric Science Program, the Department of Homeland Security’s Urban Dispersion Program, and the Global Energy Technology Strategy Program, a public-private international collaboration.

PNNL is a DOE Office of Science national laboratory that solves complex problems in energy, national security and the environment, and advances scientific frontiers in the chemical, biological, materials, environmental and computational sciences. PNNL employs 4,200 staff, has a $750 million annual budget, and has been managed by Ohio-based Battelle since the lab's inception in 1965.

 


 

In alphabetical order, PNNL scientists who have played significant roles in the work of the IPCC include:

Antoinette Brenkert
• Contributing Author, Working Group II, "Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability," IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007).

William U. Chandler (retired as a Laboratory Fellow in 2005)
• Coordinating Lead Author, “Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer” (2000)
• Lead Author, “Technologies, Policies, and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change,” IPCC Technical Paper 1 (1996)
• Coordinating Lead Author, “Technology Transfer: A Sectoral Analysis,” IPCC Special Report of Technology Transfer (1995)
• Lead Author, “Case Studies,” IPCC Special Report of Technology Transfer (1995)
• Lead Author, IPCC Second Assessment Synthesis of Scientific-Technical Information (1995)
• Contributor, Report of the Energy and Industry Subgroup of the IPCC Response Strategies Working Group (1990).

Leon Clarke
• Contributing Author, Working Group III, “Mitigation of Climate Change,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007).

James J. Dooley
• Expert Reviewer, “Carbon Dioxide Transport, Injection and Geological Storage,” IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (2006)
• Lead Author, “Economics of Carbon Capture and Disposal,” IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (2006)
• Cross-Cutting Chairman for “Market Deployment,” IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (2006)
• Lead Author, “Technical Summary,” IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (2006)
• Expert Reviewer, Climate Change 2001: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. IPCC (2001).

Sylvia A. Edgerton
• Expert Reviewer, Working Group II, IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).

James A. Edmonds
• Member, IPCC Steering Committee on “New Integrated Scenarios” (2006-present)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, “Framing Issues,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, “Global, Regional, and National Costs and Ancillary Benefits of Mitigation,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, “Decision-Making Frameworks,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, Summary for Policy Makers, IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Lead Author, Working Group II, “Energy Supply Mitigation Options,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Lead Author, Working Group II, “Mitigation: Cross-Sectoral and Other Issues,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, “Estimating the Costs of Mitigating Greenhouse Gases,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, “A Review of Mitigation Cost Studies,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Lead Author, Working Group III, “Integrated Assessment of Climate Change: An Overview and Comparison of Approaches and Results,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Lead Author, IPCC Special Report, Climate Change 1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate Change and An Evaluation of the IPCC IS92 Emission Scenarios (1994)
• Lead Author, IPCC Special Report, Climate Change 1992: The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment (1992)
• Major contributor, IPCC First Assessment Report, Working Group III, Response Strategies Working Group (1991).

Meredydd Evans
• Expert Reviewer. Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer. IPCC (2000).

Steven J. Ghan
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Aerosols, Their Direct and Indirect Effects,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Radiative Forcing of Climate Change,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).

Anthony Janetos
• Lead Author, Working Group II, “Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability” of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007)
• Contributing Author, Working Group I , “The Carbon Cycle,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2005)
• Lead Author, IPCC Special Report: Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (2000)
• Lead Author, Working Group I, “Greenhouse Gases: Sources and Sinks,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (2000)
• Contributing Author, Working Group II, “Natural Terrestrial Ecosystems,” IPCC First Assessment Report (1990).

Nels S. Laulainen
• Expert Reviewer, “Aerosols, Their Direct and Indirect Effects," IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).

Ruby Leung
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Regional Climate Projections,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. IPCC (2007)
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Regional Climate Information – Evaluation and Projections,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Climate Models - Projections of Future Climate,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996).

Elizabeth Malone
• Contributing Author, Working Group II, “Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007)
• Review Editor, Working Group III, “Framing Issues,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007)
• Expert Reviewer, multiple chapters, IPCC Fourth and Third Assessment Reports (2001 and 2007).

Richard Moss (now at World Wildlife Fund)
• Co-Chair, IPCC “New Integrated Scenarios” Expert Meeting and Steering Committee (2006-present)
• Co-Chair, IPCC Task Group on Scenarios and Data for Impacts and Climate Analysis (2003-present)
• Lead Author, “Overview of Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability to Climate Change,” Working Group II Contribution to the Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Convening Lead Author, “Towards Consistent Assessment and Reporting of Uncertainties in the IPCC TAR” in Cross-Cutting Issues in the IPCC Third Assessment Report (2000)
• Director, Technical Support Unit for Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation Working Group (1993-1999). Major reports produced by Working Group 2 during this period include: Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability (1997); IPCC Technical Paper on Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change (1996) and IPCC Second Assessment Report (1995).
• Editor and Lead Author, “The Regional Impacts of Climate Change: An Assessment of Vulnerability”, IPCC Special Report on the Regional Impacts of Climate Change (1998)
• Lead Author of IPCC Technical Paper No. 3, “Stabilization of Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: Physical, Biological and Socio-Economic Implications,” (1997)
• Editor, Working Group II Contribution to the Second Assessment Report Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations, and Mitigation (Scientific and Technical Analyses), (1996).
• Editor and Lead Author, “Technical Paper No.1: Technologies, policies, and measures." Technologies, Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change. (1996).

Hugh Pitcher
• Contributing Author, Working Group III, “Issues Related to Mitigation in the Long-Term Context,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007)
• Lead Author, “Emissions Scenarios 2000: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change” (2001).
• Lead Author, “Summary for Policy Makers, Emissions Scenarios 2000: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change” (2001).
• Lead Author, “Technological and Economic Potential of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Lead Author, “Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation Scenarios and Implications,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Member, IPCC Task Group on Scenarios and Data for Impacts and Climate Analysis (1998-present).

Steve Rayner (former Laboratory Fellow, now with Oxford University)
• Lead Author, “Sustainable Development and Mitigation,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007)
• Lead Author, “Setting the Stage: Climate Change and Sustainable Development” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).
• Author Invited Paper, Expert Meeting on Climate Change and Its Linkages with Development, Equity, and Sustainability (1999).
• Author Invited Paper, Workshop on Policy Instruments and Their Implications (1994).
• Author Invited Paper, Equity and Social Considerations of Climate Change (1994).

Kenneth Richards (now at Indiana University)
• Lead Author, “Key Determinants of Abatement Costs”, IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Lead Author, “Estimates of Abatement Costs,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996)
• Author Invited Paper, Workshop on Policy Instruments and Their Implications (1994)
• Contributing Author, IPCC First Assessment Report (1990)
• Helped organize the first meeting of the Response Strategies Working Group (later changed to Working Group III), (1989).

Norman J. Rosenberg (Emeritus Laboratory Fellow)
• Lead Author, Working Group II, “Agricultural Options for Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1996).

Paul Runci
• Member, IPCC Steering Committee on “New Integrated Scenarios” (2006-present)

Michael J Scott
• Lead Author, Working Group II, “North America,” IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007).
• Coordinating Lead Author, Working Group II, “Human Settlements, Energy, and Industry,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).
• Convening Lead Author, Working Group II, “Human Settlements Impacts and Adaptation,” IPCC Second Assessment Report (1995).
• Contributing Author, IPCC Special Report: The Regional Impacts of Climate Change (1998).

Steven J. Smith
• Lead Author, Emissions Scenarios 2000: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2001).
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Atmospheric Chemistry and Greenhouse Gases,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Radiative Forcing of Climate Change,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001)
• Contributing Author, Working Group I, “Projections of Future Climate Change,” IPCC Third Assessment Report (2001).

Tags: Energy, Environment, Fundamental Science, National Security, Emissions, Climate Science, Atmospheric Science, Aerosols, Meteorology, Chemistry

Interdisciplinary teams at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory address many of America's most pressing issues in energy, the environment and national security through advances in basic and applied science. Founded in 1965, PNNL employs 4,300 staff and has an annual budget of more than $1 billion. It is managed by Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science. As the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, the Office of Science is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information on PNNL, visit the PNNL News Center, or follow PNNL on Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn and Twitter.

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